BAISAN (Gioro) 覺羅拜山 (三), d. 1627, of the Bordered Yellow Banner, was a great-grandson of Baolangga 包朗阿, fifth of the six brothers who were called the ningguta beile, the fourth beile being Giocangga (see under Nurhaci), grandfather of Nurhaci. When Nurhaci began his career of conquest by attacking Nikan Wailan [q. v.], protégé of the Chinese, he was opposed by most of his relatives who foresaw disaster for themselves (see under Anfiyanggû). Baisan, however, joined Nurhaci in 1585 together with other descendants of Baolangga. He took part in the capture of Shên-yang in 1621 and died in action at Chin-chou in 1627.

A son of Baisan, named Gûnadai 顧納岱, inherited the rank of baron of the third class. He was promoted to the first class in 1637 for meritorious service and in 1644 took part in the pursuit of Li Tzŭ-ch'êng [q. v.] to Shensi. In the following years he served under Dodo [q. v.] in various campaigns, and was killed in action at Nanchang in 1648. Gûnadai's son, Morohon 謨洛渾, inherited the rank of viscount of the first class. He was killed in 1660 while fighting at Amoy against Chêng Ch'êng-kung [q. v.]. In honor of the three generations who had lost their lives in military service Emperor Shêng-tsu posthumously conferred on Morohon the hereditary rank of earl of the third class and the name, Kang-yung 剛勇.

[1/232/6b; 2/4/5b; 3/331/16a; 11/4/25b; 34/135/8b.]

George A. Kennedy