Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period/Lü Pao-chung

Pao-chung 呂葆中 (T. 無黨, H. 氷蕸, original ming 公忠), d. ca. 1708, scholar, was a native of Ch'ung-tê, Chekiang, the eldest son of Lü Liu-liang [q. v.]. He took the chü-jên degree in 1696, and in 1706 distinguished himself by coming out second in the Palace examinations at Peking. He was appointed a compiler of the Hanlin Academy, but did not continue there long, as he was involved in the case of Chang Nien-i 張念一 who led a rebellion in Chekiang for several years and was finally captured about the year 1707. Although Lü Pao-chung was pardoned, his worries over the matter are said to have hastened his death. When the views of his father against the Manchus were brought to light during the years 1728–32 (see under Tsêng Ching), Lü Pao-chung's corpse was disinterred and dismembered by imperial decree. He was a pupil of Chang Li-hsiang [q. v.] and, like his father, was an ardent supporter of the philosophy of Chu Hsi (see under Hu Wei). The collection of his prose works, entitled Lü Pao-chung wên (文), was placed on the list of banned books, and is apparently no longer extant. The one item by him that appears to have been preserved is his preface to the 八家古文精選 Pa chia ku-wên ching-hsüan, edited by his father, which bears the date 1704.

[See bibliography under Lü Liu-liang; Tung-hua lu, K'ang-hsi 47:2, Yung-chêng 8:12; Chia-hsing fu-chih 14/22b.]

L. Carrington Goodrich