Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period/Liu Liang-tso

LIU Liang-tso 劉良佐 (T. 明輔), d. 1667, renegade Ming general, was a native of Tatung, Shansi. He was associated first with Kao Chieh [q. v.] under the rebel, Li Tzŭ-ch'êng [q. v.], and later with the Ming brigade general, Huang Tê-kung [q. v.], against Chang Hsien-chung [q. v.]. After the dynasty fell and the Prince of Fu (see under Chu Yu-sung) had set up his court in Nanking, Liu Liang-tso with his two former associates and Liu Tsê-ch'ing [q. v.] were called the Four Guardian Generals (四鎭). He was made earl of Kuang-ch'ang (廣昌伯) and assigned to the Anhwei-Honan sector with residence at Lin-huai. Later he was transferred to Hsüchou in northern Kiangsu. In 1645, when the Manchu prince, Dodo [q. v.], came south, Liu Liang-tso surrendered with 100,000 men. He retained office under the Ch'ing and led an expedition to subdue Kiangsu. This province pacified, he went to Peking, was assigned to the Chinese Bordered Yellow Banner, and in 1648 was given the rank of viscount of the second class. For his services with Tantai (see under Yanggûri) in a southern expedition he was made Junior Assistant Chamberlain of the Imperial Bodyguard. In 1661 he was appointed general-in-chief of Kiangnan and Kiangan. Later in the same year he was transferred to Chihli. In 1666 he resigned on account of old age and died the following year. His son, Liu Tsê-han 劉澤涵, inherited his rank of viscount, a rank that was abolished in 1734.


[1/254/1b; 2/79/16a; 國史貳臣傳 Kuo-shih êr-ch'ên chuan 7/8b; Hsü Tzŭ [q. v.], Hsiao-t'ien chi-chuan 64/12a.]

Earl Swisher