Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period/Minggantu

MINGGANTU (bayan) 明安圖 (巴顏), was a member of the Namdulu clan and chieftain of the Suifun 綏芬 branch when in 1610 an expedition sent by Nurhaci [q. v.] demanded the submission of this division of the Weji tribe. Together with Kanggûri [q. v.], he joined Nurhaci's army, and his tribesmen were formed into two niru (companies of about 300 men) under the command of his sons, Hahana 哈哈納 and Cohono 綽和諾.

Hahana was given a maiden of Nurhaci's own clan for wife. In the campaign against the Ula tribe in 1612 and 1613 (see Bujantai) he acquitted himself with distinction and was rewarded by Nurhaci with rich presents. With his brother, Cohono, he was incorporated in the Bordered Red Banner which in 1619 encountered and defeated the Chinese army under Ma Lin (see Yang Hao) at Sanggiyan Hada. In 1626 Abahai [q. v.], successor to Nurhaci, appointed the two brothers assistants to the commander of their Banner. Cohono was killed in the battle of Ta-ling-ho in 1631. As he left no sons, the inheritance of his titles passed to an elder brother, Unggeni 翁格尼, and the post of captain of company 14 of the 5th division of the Bordered Red Banner became hereditary in that family. One of the sons of Unggeni was Fukacan 富喀禪 (1607–1669) who served as Tartar General at Sian for twenty-two years (1646–68). Hahana was prominent in the campaigns of 1634 and 1636, but was forced to retire in the latter year because of severe wounds and accompanying illness. He died not long afterwards, leaving to his descendants the hereditary post of captain of company 4 in the 2nd division of the Bordered Red Banner.


[1/233/6a; 3/263/12a; 11/16/15b; 34/171/4a, 18b.]

George A. Kennedy