Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period/Sun Chih-wei
SUN Chih-wei 孫枝蔚 ( 豹人, 溉堂), 1620–1687, poet, native of San-yüan, Shensi, came from a family of some means. After his native place was pillaged by Li Tzŭ-ch'êng [q. v.], he engaged for a time in business at Chiang-tu (Yangchow) and made considerable profit. Soon, however, he devoted himself to the study of the Classics, and gained a reputation as a poet. When Wang Shih-chên [q. v.] was at Yangchow he learned of Sun Chih-wei's literary fame, and in 1660 a friendship developed between them. In 1679 Sun was recommended to take the special examination known as po-hsüeh hung-tz'ŭ (see under P'êng Sun-yü). At first he declined because of age, but later took the examination and failed. Desiring to honor several of the elderly applicants, who like Sun had failed to pass the examination, the Emperor conferred upon Sun Chih-wei and six others the honorary title of secretary of the Grand Secretariat. Sun declined the honor on the ground that, though old, he was not old enough for such a distinction, His collected works were printed under the title, 溉堂全集 Kai-t'ang ch'üan-chi, 28 chüan, consisting of: Kai-t'ang wên (文)-chi, 5 chüan; Kai-t'ang hsü (續)-chi, 6 chüan; Kai-t'ang ch'ien (前)-chi, 9 chüan; Kai-t'ang hou (後)-chi, 6 chüan; and Kai-t'ang shih-yü (詩餘), 2 chüan. The last three are given notice in the Ssŭ-k'u Catalogue (see under Chi Yün).
[1/489/23b; 2/71/8a; 3/426/11a; 4/58/8, 139/11b; 17/10/70b; 30/3/3a; 32/4/4a; San-yüan hsien-chih (1783) 9/31b; Yangchow fu-chih (1733) 33/15a; Ch'ên Wei-sung [q. v.], Hu-hai lou ch'üan-chi, 文集 1/6a.]
J. C. Yang