WU Yen 吳炎 ( 赤溟[民], 媿庵), d. July 1, 1663, age forty (sui), historian, was a native of Wu-chiang, Kiangsu. He and P'an Ch'êng-chang [q. v.] were co-authors of a history of the Ming dynasty and of a poetical account of that dynasty, the latter completed in 1656 under the title 今樂府 Chin yüeh-fu. Both works were ordered by imperial decree to be destroyed, but the second of the two endured and was reprinted in the Yin-li tsai-ssŭ t'ang ts'ung-shu (see under Chu Yün). Wu was involved as one of the assistant compilers of Chuang T'ing-lung's [q. v.] banned work, Ming-shih chi-lüeh, and was put to death at Hangchow in July 1663.
[6/35/23b–28b; T'oung Pao 1928–29, p. 416, for note on above ts'ung-shu.]