Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period/Ying Hui-ch'ien

YING Hui-ch'ien 應撝謙 (T. 嗣寅, H. 潛齋), 1615–1683, scholar, was a native of Jên-ho (Hangchow). A licentiate under the Ming regime, he gave up hope of an official career after the change of dynasty, devoting himself to teaching and writing, and gathering about him a large number of students by his presentation of Neo-Confucian philosophy in which he favored the Ch'êng-Chu school (see under Hu Wei). IIe was noted for his self-control and for his devoted care of his mother, on whom he waited day and night during several years of illness. He was twice summoned to take part in the special po-hsüeh hung-tz'ŭ examination of 1679 (see under P'êng Sun-yü), but excused himself on the plea of illness. Of his numerous writings, mostly on the classics and philosophy, six titles were given notice in the Ssŭ-k'u Catalogue (see under Chi Yün). His collected literary works, 潛齋集 Ch'ien-chai chi, in 10 chüan, were printed by Chang Po-hsing [q. v.] in 1710. An illustrated work of his on ancient Chinese music and musical instruments, in 2 chüan, entitled 古樂書 Ku yüeh shu, was copied into the Imperial Manuscript Library in 1780 and reproduced photographically in 1935 in the first series of rare books to be published from that Library under the collective title Ssŭ-k'u ch'üan-shu chên-pên (see under Chi Yün).


[1/486/15b; 2/66/34a; 3/401/24a; 24/4/4a; 59/54/3a; Wang Shih-chên [q. v.], Ch'ih pei ou-t'an 10/9b, quotes from an autobiography entitled 無悶先生傳 Wu-mên hsien-shêng chuan; Hangchow fu-chih (1922) 138/14b.]

Dean R. Wickes