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List of musical symbols
A list of musical symbols with the codes and techniques necessary to create them on Wikisource.


Contents

SimpleEdit

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
 
Whole note (semibreve), Half note (minim),
Quarter note (crotchet), Eighth note (quaver),
Sixteenth note (semiquaver)
b1 b2 b4 b8 b16 B8 B4 B2 B1 (or B) B1/2 (or B/) ABC works with default note length, varying depending on meter. You can set the default note length:

L:1/8

for a default note length of an eighth note (quaver) The examples below assumes a default note length of 1/4 unless otherwise specified.

 
Dotted note b4. b2. b4.. b2.. B3/2 B3 B7/4 B7/2 In LilyPond, dotted notes must always have a specified, numeric duration.

In ABC there is a shortcut for a dotted note followed by a note half the value of the undotted one. For example a dotted quarter note followed by an eighth:

B>B

This works the with an eighth followed by a quarter as well:

B<B

 
Beam b8[ d c b] B/d/c/B/
 
Chord <a d> <a c e> [Ad] [Ace]
 
Phrase b\( b b b\) (B B B B)
 
Rest r2 r4 r8 r16 z z/2 z/4
 
Slur g( b d) (G B d)
 
Tie b~ b B-B

AccidentalsEdit

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
 
Flat bes
(note + es)
_B
 
Double flat beses
(note + eses)
__B
 
Sharp bis
(note + is)
^B
 
Double sharp bisis
(note + isis)
^^B

ClefsEdit

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
 
Treble clef \clef treble
\clef G
[K: clef=treble]
[K: clef=G]
[K: clef=G2]
For voice [V:1 clef=G] or key [K:C clef=G]

The numbers for the clefs are the lines where the clef is centered, counted from the lowest.

The square brackets are used for change inside the tune. At the start, use K:Dm clef=F for in d minor noted with bass clef.

 
French clef \clef french [K: clef=G1]
 
Bass clef \clef bass
\clef F
[K: clef=bass]
[K: clef=F]
[K: clef=F4]
 
Varbaritone clef \clef varbaritone [K: clef=F3]
 
Subbass clef \clef subbass [K: clef=F5]
 
Alto clef \clef alto
\clef C
[K: clef=alto]
[K: clef=C]
[K: clef=C3]
 
Tenor clef \clef tenor [K: clef=tenor]
[K: clef=C4]
 
Soprano clef \clef soprano [K: clef=alto1]
[K: clef=C1]
 
Mezzosoprano clef \clef mezzosoprano [K: clef=alto2]
[K: clef=C2]
 
Baritone clef \clef baritone [K: clef=alto5]
[K: clef=C5]
 
Percussion clef \clef percussion

Rhythm and keyEdit

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
 
Time signature \time 2/4 M:2/4
 
Key signature \key b \minor K:Bm
K:D
 
Metronome marks \tempo 4 = 120 Q:1/4=120
 
Textual tempo indication \tempo "Allegro" Q: "Allegro"
 
Tempo & metronome marks \tempo "Allegro" 4 = 120 Q: "Allegro" 1/4=120

DynamicsEdit

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
 
Crescendo b\< b b\! !<(!B B B!<)!
 
Diminuendo
or Decrescendo
b\> b b\! !>(!B B B!>)!
 
Pianississimo b\ppp !ppp!B
 
Pianissimo b\pp !pp!B
 
Piano b\p !p!B
 
Mezzo piano b\mp !mp!B
 
Mezzo forte b\mf !mf!B
 
Forte b\f !f!B
 
Fortissimo b\ff !ff!B
 
Fortississimo b\fff !fff!B
 
Sforzando b\sfz !sfz!B
 
Forte-piano b\fp

ArticulationsEdit

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
 
Staccato b-. or b\staccato
 
Staccatissimo
or Spiccato
b-! or b\staccatissimo
 
Accent b-> or b\accent
 
Tenuto b-- or b\tenuto
 
Marcato b-^ or b\marcato
 
Stopped note
or Pizzicato
b-+ or b\stopped
 
Portato b-_ or b\portato
 
Espressivo b\espressivo
 
Fermata b\fermata
 
Short fermata b\shortfermata
 
Long fermata b\longfermata
 
Very long fermata b\verylongfermata
 
Open note b\open
 
Flageolet
or Natural harmonic
b\flageolet
 
Half open note b\halfopen
 
Snap pizzicato b\snappizzicato
 
Up bow
or Sull'arco
b\upbow
 
Down bow
or Giù arco
b\downbow
 
Thumb b\thumb
 
Left-foot heel pedal mark b\lheel
 
Right-foot heel pedal mark b\rheel
 
Left-foot toe pedal mark b\ltoe
 
Right-foot toe pedal mark b\rtoe

OrnamentsEdit

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
 
Trill b\trill
 
Upper mordent
or Pralltriller
b\prall
 
Lower mordent b\mordent
 
Turn b\turn
 
Reverse turn b\reverseturn
 
Grace note \grace b8 b4
 
Appoggiatura \appoggiatura b8 b4
 
Acciaccatura \acciaccatura b8 b4

NB: The following variations on the mordent also exist: prallmordent, upprall, downprall, upmordent, downmordent, lineprall, prallprall, pralldown and prallup.

RepetitionEdit

Bar linesEdit

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
 
Standard bar
Standard bar-line
\bar "|" | Standard divider between bars (or measures) of music of set length
 
\bar "."
 
Double bar
Double bar-line
\bar "||" || Separates two sections of music
 
\bar ".|"
 
Bold double bar
Bold double-line
Heavy double
\bar ".."
 
\bar "|.|"
 
End \bar "|." |] Indicates the end of a piece of music
 
Dotted bar
Dotted bar-line
\bar ";" :
 
Dashed bar
Dashed bar-line
\bar "!"
 
Begin repeat \bar ".|:" |: Indicates the beginning of a section to be repeated
 
\bar ":..:"
 
Begin and end repeat \bar ":|.|:" :: Indicates the end of one repeated section and the beginning of another
 
\bar ":|.:"
 
Repeat bar-line
Repeat sign
\bar ":|." :| Indicates the end of a section to be repeated
 
\bar ":.|.:"
 
\bar "[|:"
 
\bar ":|]"
 
\bar ":|][|:"
 
\bar "'" !shortphrase!
 
In-line segno \bar "S" Alternative repeat sign

OtherEdit

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
 
Text b4 b^Foo b b B "^ Foo" B B B

See alsoEdit