Letters from the Battlefields of Paraguay/index



Adams, Mr,, warned against harming the bricks of a fallen building, 110
Adventure, an, which might have been serious, 472
Alegre, General, at the storming of Humaita, 304
Alen, Colonel, his attempt at suicide, 334
Allied armies invest Humaita, 333
Alvim, Commodore, visit to, 341
American Gran Hotel, imposing grandeur of, 106
American Mineral Water Establishment at Buenos Aires, 181
Andrade, the Portugal patriot, death of, 142
Angostura battery surrendered, 423
Angulo Eedan attacked by the Brazilians, 360
Animated scene, remembrance of an, 403
Anti-Lopists, false reports of the, 329
Argentine army, weapons of the, 323 ; various reports on the, 324
Argentine camp at Luque, aspect of the, 464
Argentine Contingent ajumble of nationalities, 325
Argentine railway, machinery for making the, 246
Argentine soldiers, loss of, at the battle of Corrientes, 290
Argentine Voluntary Legion led into a fatal ambush, 343
Argolo, General, and his staff boasting of their prowess, 322 ; visit to, 349 ; the predictions of his friends, 350 ; his invitations to a campaigning dinner, 350
Arroyo Hondo, visit to the, 347
Artesian well in Buenos Aires, 150
Assembly of Representatives, ignorance of, 276

Asuncion, the seat of the first diocess, 24; General Congress at, 41; meeting of an Extraordinary Congress at, 55 ; fired into by Brazilian ironclads, 407 ; detailed description of, 431 ; palace of the Marshal President at, 432; the architect of the palace cruelly tormented, 433 ; pest-houses at, 435 ; landing-place and river at, 436 ; bad state of the streets at, 436 ; picturesqueness of the old cathedral at, 437 the much talked of arsenal at, 435 ; the terrible palace of Dr. Francia at, 439 ; deadly dungeons at, 440 ; fantastic palace of the elder Lopez at, 440 ; palace of D. Benigno Lopez at, 441 ; plundering the Club Nacional at, 442 ; various estimates of the population at 443 ; no pretensions to civilization at 444 ; complete change of masters at head-quarters, 445 ; candidates for the chief magistracy at, 446 ; the French consul removed from, 446 ; confiscation of the property of a foreigner at, 449 ; its changeable climate, 452 ; prices of provisions and house-rent at, 452 ; produce of the orange-trees at, 456 ; unprotected state of, 454 ; rude appliances of the railway at, 460
Atrocities of Lopez grossly exaggerated, 128 ; frightful reports concerning the, 330
Attempts to assault two ironclads, 311
Ayolas, D. Juan, attacked by canoe Indians, 424



Bajada, mother-of-pearl found at, 255
Balloons tried in the early part of the campaign, 382
Banda, miserable state of the mixed population in, 134
Barracas artesian well, curious, 150
Barranca de Bella Vista, a settlement of convicts, 263
Barreto, General, cuts up a piquet of troopers, 375 ; his retreat from the
banks of the Arroyo, 375 ; he volunteers to capture the enemy, 420
Barrios, Vicente, degradation of, 476
Barros, Jose de, duped by a farcical project, 141
Barrosa, Vice-Admiral, neglects to push his victory, 267
Basque and Italian sutlers murdering one another, 367
Bateria de Cueva, the Paraguayan position of defence, 262
Bateiia Londres, the Prince of Humbugs, 319
Batlle, Colonel, seizure of, 114
Battalions of women, rumours about, 379
Batteries of Humaita, various, 319
Battle cf Abay, hard fighting at, 425
Battle of Acayuasa a great victory, 334
Battle of Corrientes, loss of Argentines and Paraguayans equal, 290
Battle of Cueva, failure of the Paraguayans at, 268
Battle of Curupaity, serious loss of soldiers at, 305; scaling ladders forgotten by the Argentines, 305
Battle of Itororo, loss of Brazilian sat, 427
Battle of Loma Valentina, loss of Paraguayans and Brazilians at, 419 ; the whole affair a mystery, 419
Battle of Monte Caseros, fall of Dictator Rosas at, 61 ; General Urquiza going to glory at, 253
Battle of Paysandu, between the Blancos and Colerados, 211
Battle of Potreiro- Sauce, surprises of the, 303
Battle of the Lomas, and escape of General Caballero, 346
Battle of Riachuelo, arrest of General Robles at, 264
Battle of Veuces, and conquer of Corrientes, 59
Battle of Yataity-Cora in 1866, 303
Battle of Yatay, defeat of Colonel Duarto at, 221
Belgrano, General, defeat of, at Corrientes, 288
Berges, D., sent to govern Corrientes, 289
Berro, D. Bernardo, grotesque appearance of, 114 ; murder of, 115
Biscayans emigrating to PotosI, 104
Blancos, rise of the, 114
Bliss and Masterman arrested for high treason, 410
Blood thirstiness of Montevideans, 122
Bonpland, herbarium of, 288; taken prisoner, 51
Bonpland, Madame, desperate adventures of, 288
"Botany Bay" of Dr. Francia, 7
Brazilian army, wrinkle offered to the, 310
Brazilian cavalry, review of, 323
Brazilian consul forgets his mother tongue, 219
Brazilian infantry stubborn and obstinate, 387 ; the soldiers not free from corruption, 389
Brazilian forces, inspecting the, 372
Brazilian Marine Hospital, embezzlement of stores at, 291
Brazilian negroes, manly fighting of the, 452
Brazilian officers maltreated by Blanco girls, 119
Brazilian soldier, curious antics of a, 468
Brazilian soldiers in camp, clean appearance of, 336 ; cost of feeding them, 337
Brazilian squadron, official list of the, 345
Brazilian subaltern officers, bullying manners of, 447
Brazilian treachery and indiscriminate massacre, 213
Brazilians and Argentines, their alliance not sympathetic, 326
Brazilians' confidence in two Paraguayan officers, 448
Brazilians, oversight of the, 449
Brazilians refuse a flag of truce, 447
Brown, Admiral, successful feat of, 191
Bruguez, General, lively little episode of, 262
Buceo admired by bathers, 94

Buenos Aires, revolutionary committee established at, 65 ; Fenian club at, 94 ; thirty people drowned in a storm, 127 ; salting houses in, 147 ; irregularity of steamers at, 152 ; savage mob at, 153; dangerous state of the new Muelle at, 153; the kiosk mania at, 154; injury to merchandize at, 155 ; difficulties in constructing a port at, 155 ; various opinions for constructing a port at, 156; Coghlan's project for improving the channel at, 156 ; increase of population at, 158; how Sunday is passed at, 159; dangerous state of streets at, 160 ; prevailing winds at, 162 ; street scandal inexcusable at, 162 ; thoroughfares imperfectly named at, 163 ; epidemic disorders at, 163 ; abusive and indecent writings on the wall at, 165 ; how a revolution begins at, 165 ; hotels, abominably bad and dear, 172 ; an Englishwoman's lodging-house at, 173 ; hideous Methodist chapel at, 173 ; Merced convent at, 170 ; Church of England temple at, 173 ; beauty and solidity of the buildings, 174 ; hideous relic of antiquity at, 176 ; scarcity of public vehicles at, 179 ; Cabildo, court of justice at, 179 ; impunity of crime at, 180 ; Mineral Water Establishment at, 181 ; museum of San Ignacio Church, 182 ; free club for travellers at, 183 ; a good opening for London publishers at, 183 ; fashionable shops in, 183 ; statue of General San Martin at, 183 ; attempts to burn the dead at, 184 ; familiarity at, 187 ; hospitality of the natives at, 188

Buenos Aires to Southampton, parting grumble of the voyage from, 481
Butter, preserving for two years, 205



Caballero, General, captured at the Battle of Lomas, 346
Cafe de Paris at Buenos Aires the great resort for bachelors, 184 ; dining at the, 169
Californian widows, how they make fortunes, 352
Calle Florida, the fashionable part of Buenos Aires, 183
Caminos, M., reported to have been shot, 428
Camp and City men, difference in the habits of, 120
Campos and Martinez de la Hoz taken prisoners, 333
Capella de Ipane, the place to enjoy picnics, 426
Carvalho, Admiral, his neglect to pursue the flying enemy, 343
Castle of S. Joseph, view of the ruins, 99
Cattle estate not pleasant to visit, 102
Caxias, Marshal, repulsed at the Cierva redoubt, 348 ; his career, 377 ; his fight at Monte Caseros, 377; employed in reducing Monte Video,377; accused of being slow in his military movements, 377 ; famous for selecting the strongest point of attack, 378
Cemetery at Humaita, 353
Census of Paraguay, 8
Cerriio station, flooding of the, 301 ; seizure of, by Paraguayans, 301
Cerro de Lambare the scene of an historic fight, 42t)
Cerro, the, a fine view of Montevideo, 100
Chaco, paradise and elysium of savages at, 256; wants a serious exploration, 257
Chaco islets attributed to the agency of the earth's revolution, 259
Chain at Gran Chaco, uselessness of, 332
Charloni, Colonel, death of, 362
ChS,teau des Fleurs, the familiar devil's acre, 243 ; it has the genuine look of a penny gaff", 243
Chilenas ladies destroyed by fire in a Jesuit church, 414
Chodasiewicz, Colonel, his proposed plan of attack on Paso Pucu, 359 ; plans of his first campaign, 382 ; his projects for the future, 382
Christie, Mr., sent as Plenipotentiary to Asuncion, 64 ; fails in his mission, 64
Club for travellers free at Buenos Aires, 183
Club Nacional, Brazilian soldiers plundering the, 442
Club Progreso and its invitations, 186 ; dancing at the, 187
Colon theatre mean and ugly, 170
Colonel du Graty, a mutilated translation of procured at Luque, 462
Colonel Thompson's Guarani vocabulary, 3
Colonizing in the River Plate, 88
Colonia, La, short description of, 143
Commerce of Paraguay, 18
Comte d'Eu volunteers his services as Commander-in-Chief, 469; his promptitude on hearing a salute, 470 ; his proclamation at Luque to his men, 470 ; his Order of the Day not original, 471
Concepcion del Uruguay, description of, 196 ; provisions at, 197 ; interesting prairie gallop at, 198
Convent of San Carlos, pronouncement of the, 251
Cordillera, supposed rise of the, 5
Cordoba, wandering about the quaint city of, 414
Corpus Christi built to control the Timbu Indians, 252
Correntine tobacco preferable to Havannahs, 287

Corrientes, arrival of the Brazilian fleet at, 265 ; ridiculous fashion of naming the streets at, 271 ; savage mastiffs at,
273 ; orange-farms at, 273 ; Turks painfully transmogrified at, 274 ; scarcity of provisions at, 275 ; religious
superstition at, 276 ; family vaults in the cemetery like a Californian steam-bath, 280 ; miraculous cross at, 281 ;
variations of temperature at, 282 ; female beauty at, 284 ; their aversion to marriage, 284 ; bitterness of political
parties at, 285 ; revolvers at night necessary, 288 ; war at once resolved at, 289 ; piratical seizure of ships at,
289

Crabtree, Mr., prevents serious national troubles, 165
Costa, Brigadier-General, visit to the tent of, 381
Courts marshal, specimens of sundry copies, 474
Cuchilla de los Palmares, glorious view from, 208
Curious party of pleasure, 253
Curious reports in Paraguay, 30
Curupaity, far-famed lines of, 361
Curuzu, bombardment of, by the Allies, 303 ; capture of, 304
Cuverville, M., ugly story concerning, 446



Dairy, experiments for a model, 204
Derivations of the word Paraguay, 2
Diamente, formation of banks of patience at, 255
Diaz, General, killed by a shell from an ironclad, 299
Discontent, suggesting a mode to prevent, 82
Discovery of an infernal machine to blow up the Ministry, 113
Documents taken at Loma Valentina, inspectiug the, 472



Elisiario, Vice-Admiral, popular rumour of, 369 ; his predictions on the campaign, 369
El Pilar, the gaol of foreigners, 367 ; Brazilian outrages at, 367
Emigrants, outward bound, description of, 86
Emigrants' colony, utter failure of the, 60
Emilio, General D., visit to, 464 ; his aptitude for warfare, 465 ; his prepossessing and military figure, 465 ; his
praise of the Brazilian whites, 466
English cruisers, uselessness of, 100
English subjects enlisting in the Brazilian army, 388
Esmerata, Padre, his devotion in the cause of humanity, 338
Extractum carnis, a detestable kind of beef-tea, 193



Feminine volunteers, courage of, 380
Ferreira, Colonel, his quarters an official residence, 466
Floating hotel, life on board a, 292
Flores and his son, violent altercation between, 113
FJores, D. Manuel, supposed poisoning of, by the Blancos, 116
Flores, Don Pedro, his duties on board ship, 292
Flores, General, origin of the murder of, 110 ; the banishment of his three sons, 117
Fogs in the Boca del Guazu, 229
France annoyed by the treatment of her subjects in Paraguay, 66
Francia, Dr., his remarkable character, 39; how England derived her knowledge of, 43 ; origin of his family, 47 ; elected
perpetual Dictator, 47 ; his remarkable administration, 48 ; diplomatic relations with foreign powers cut off by,
50 ; his deeds of generosity, 51 ; his death, 52 ; resting-place of, 438
Fulton's formidable defence for rivers, 342



GalvIO and his gallant wife fought to death, 144
Gastavino, Bernardino, successful manoeuvre of, 267
Garay, D. Juan de, the restorer of Buenos Aires, 233
Garibaldi considered an obscure adventurer, 259
Garibaldi's loss of his legion of cooks, 211
Gaucho and Gauchito, hideous costume of the, 277
Gaucho warfare, what it consists of, 466
Gauchos of Rozario, ugliness of the, 243
Gelly, General, his courtsey, 351
Gold mines in Uruguay, 34
Gould, Mr., his predictions, 166; his hopeless errand, 329 ; his conditions of peace between the Allies and Paraguay, 329 ; his departure from Paraguay, 330 ; his unfavourable opinion of Paraguayan resources, 330 ; his second mission to Paraguay, 330 ; his erroneous opinions on the Paraguayan cause, 330
Gomez and Braga shot, 214
Gomez demanded by the Colorados, 213
Goya famous for oranges and cheeses, 261
Gran Chaco, the visit to, after the action, 338
Grass of Paraguay poisono ii s to animals, 373
Great Chaco, loafing and di'inking of the men at, 277
Guard-houses on the Paraguay established to watch strangers, 311
Guardia Tacuara, free-and-easy system of operations at, 371 ; reconnoitring the ground at, 372
Guayquiraro, the home of the fat boy, 260
Guazu river, opinions on the formation of, 227
Guerilla warfare determined, 79
Guns of the Paraguayans a curious spectacle, 322



Handbook of the River Plate deserving of patronage, 108
Hawaii, terrible earthquake at, 127
Health-officer of Monte Viddo, arbitrary powers of, 102
Henley, Mr., his uncertain prospects of flax-growing, 217
Holy week, worship of the Montevideans in, 127
Hopkins, Mi\ E., his claims for compensation ignored, 63
Horses storming fortified and insulated posts, 191
Hotel de la Minute, its proprietor charged with receiving stolen goods, 449
Hotham, Sir Charles, his arrival at Asuncion, 61
Humaita invested by the Allied armies, 333 ; a Paraguayan sortie repulsed from, 333 ; true description of, 314 ;
its importance exaggerated, 316 ; merchant fleet at, 316 ; line of shopboats at, 316 ; wants and notions sold at, 316 ; absurd entrenchments of, 448 ; disappearance of the batteries at, 471
Human Zoology, collection of, at Luque, 464
Hunting farmed out by the Oriental government, 93
Hutchinson, Mr., his heroic services during the cholera plague, 244 ; caricatured at Rozario, 244 ; presented with a medal, 244



Infernal machines, fishing up, 341
Ironclads attacked by Cimoes, 364
Isla de las Flores, fragrancy of its wild vegetation, 94
Island of Liberty, imprisonment in the, 100
Italian porters in Monte Video not to be trusted, 104
Itapiru carelessly abandoned by Lopez, 301



Jesuits in Paraguay, their influence, 26
Juquery bridge held by Brigadier Vasco Alves, 467



KiRKLAND, Lieut., a sympathizer with the Blanco party, 370 ; hindered in the performance of his duty, 370



La Ciudad, view of, 434
La Paz, a useful colony against the raids of Chaco Indians, 258
La Plata, great increase in the trade of, 151
La Trinidad celebrated for cock-fights, 461
La Union, bull-fights held at, 110
La Villeta, operations hastened by the inundation of, 295
Lasso, the, how to avoid, 148
Law and justice in the River Plate, 91
Libertat, M., accused of conspiracy, 131
Liberty Square at Corrientes, a savage caricature, 278
Libraries, billiard rooms, and drinking houses at Buenos Aires, 185
Lines defended by the Paraguayans, 353
Loma Valentina, Lopez's documents taken at, 472
Lomas, proposal to attack the last Paraguayan position on the, 450
Lopez, D. Antonio Carlo, President I., elected in 1845 56 ; his marriage with D. Juana Paula Carillo, 57; conspiracy
to shoot him in a theatre, 64 ; sends to London for explanations, 65 ; undertakes negotiations with the Holy See, 66 ; his death in 1862, 67

Lopez, D. Francisco Solano, President II., elected in 1862, 67 ; his first meeting with Madame Lynch in Paris, 72 ; actively prepares for war, 75; his atrocities greatly exaggerated, 128; unfit for guerilla warfare, 128; his scheme shattered by the incapacity of his oflicers and men, 264 ; prizes piratically made figuring in his flotilla, 289 ; abandons Paso la Patria when the enemy appears, 301 ; he proposes an interview with the Allied Generals, 305 ; muzzle-loaders found in front of his palace, 322 ; he is asked to abdicate his country, 329 ; reports concerning his atrocities, 330 ; his complaint of the laws of neutrality, 331 ; his letters detained at Buenos Aires, 332 ; his victory at Acayuasa, 334 ; the wife of Colonel Martinez murdered by, 335 ; he arms the Cierva redoubt with field pieces, 347 ; his defence of Paso Pucu, 357 ; his place of concealment, 357 ; he expects to. be drawn from La Villeta, 371 ; he concentrates his forces at the Tebicuary river, 401 ; his government a model of order and progress, 407 ; his ill feeling with Mr. "Washburn, 409 ; his escape from Loma Valentina, 419 ; takes up his head-quarters at Loma Cumbarity, 421 ; his palace at La Villeta, 424 ; he purposely leaves Santo Antonio undefended, 427 ; the loss of his cavalry at the battle of Itororo, 428 ; he releases the architect of his palace from imprisonment, 433 ; ignorance of the Allies concerning his movements, 448 ; he makes all the railway officials captains and lieutenants, 359 ; his documents taken from his private carriage, 472 ; his tenderness to his children, 477 ; his letters to Major-Gen, Macmahon, 478 ; he appoints Madame Lynch universal legatee, 478 ; his sympathy, sternness, and grief, 479

Lopez, D. Benigno, doubts concerning the fate of, 476
Lopez, D. Venancio, acquitted and released, 476
Luque, journey by rail to, dangerous, 459 ; the normal settlement of, 462
Lynch, Madam, her trials throughout the campaign, 71 ; birth of her first child, 73 ; miseries of the captives mitigated by, 74 ; her ambition, 74 ; her present to Captain Xenes' soldiers, 312 ; her quarters at Humaita, 318



M 'Donald, Dr., suggests a plan for a channel across the Albardon, 333
M'Mahon demands the release of Messrs. Bliss and Masterman, 130
Madariaga, Grovernor, treachery of, 59
Maldonata and the lioness, romantic tale of, 252
Mamelukes of S. Paulo, plunder by the, 10
Mariette, Captain, arrest of, 115
Maroon settlement at La Villeta, 430
Marshall and Grant stabbed by a native, 435
Martin Garcia and her batteries, 192
Martin Garcia, an island only fit to travel on stilts, 228
Martin, General, his defeat of the Spaniards in 1810, 251
Martinez, Colonel, shot at Paso la Patria, 290 ; his wife murdered by Lopez, 335
Martins, Enrique, shot for refusing to give up his flag, 268
Masterman and Bliss, violent and illegal arrest of, 129
Memorial from the married women of Buenos Aires to the Archbishop, 186
Mendoza's tent, collection of yarns in, 390
Menna Barreto, General, his head-quarters, 212
Mercado del Puerto, market-place of, 99
Mesa, Captain, mortally wounded, 267
Metropolitan cemetery at Buenos Aires, 184
Military and mob law, struggles of, 115
Military correspondent constituted, 80
Misiones first established in Paraguay, 26
Mission of Paraguay, military organization of the, 32
Missions system, remarkable features of, 32
Mitre, President, a prominent personage, 166
Money a signal for disorders among Brazilian soldiers, 468

Monte Video, terrific gales in, 84 ; short sketch of, 95 ; Cerro, the best view of, 100 ; uselessness of English cruisers at, 100 ; importance of knowing the currency of, 103 : extortions of travellers at, 103 ; Italian porters at, 104 ; tramway in, 105 ; dishonesty of custom-house officers in, 105 ; their lodging houses, 105; bad roads in, 107 ; drainage unknown in, 107 ; old Spanish houses in, 107 ; impoverished look of the tenements at, 108 ; General Oribe's nine years' siege of, 110 ; the cause of the revolution of 1868 at, 110 ; murder of General Flores at, 111 ; danger from soldiers in, 122 ; an Englishman's head laid open by one of the vicious "bobbies" at, 123; theatres and amusements in, 123 ; the fair sex partial to bull-fighting at, 124 ; soldiers and priests in the cockpit at, 124 ; prize-fighting and fair play at, 125 ; public institutions at, 126 ; attempt to form an English club at, 126; Gormandizing club at, 126 ; terrific storm and loss of life at, 127 ; worship on Holy Saturday at, 127

Monte Video and Humaita, sketch of the route between, 136 ; names of the various writers on, 149
Montevidean shops, glitter and attractions of, 118
Montevidean soldiers, danger of, 122
Montevideans and Portenos, their jealousy, 96
Morvonnais, M. de la, regret at not being able to accept his invitation, 207
Mosquitoes, sufferings of the soldiers from, 348
Mothers and wives of officers forced to disown their sons and husbands, 474
Murder of two Spanish subjects, 116
Music Hall at Buenos Aires, nightly revels at, 185



Newkirk, Dr., and his drunken servant, 460 ; his fraudulent apothecary, 463 ; his lucrative practice, 451
Nueva Burdoes, failure of the French colony of, 454



Obes, Commander-in-chief of the Argentine army, 308
O'Connor, Mr., his narrow escape from being shot, 261
Oliveira, Admiral, out-generalled by Lopez, 63
Oriental army reduced to a remnant, 326
Osorioand Argolo badly wounded, 445
Osorio and Flores laud upon Paraguayan ground, 301
Osorio, General, repulsed from the Gran Chaco, 354 ; his popularity, 384 ; his soldierly greeting, 385 ; his charmed life, 385 ; his examples of gallantry, 385 ; shot through the mouth at the Loma Valentina, 385 ; not popular with either army, 469
Otters and sea-wolves in the Parana river, 232
Outbreak of the pronunciamento, 117



Palacios, Bishop, not shotas he deserved, 340
Pampa palace, invitation to enter the, 199
Pampas peewit, the enemy to sportsmen, 349

Paraguay, derivation of the word, 2 ; geography of, 3 ; latitude of, 4 ; area of, 5; political distribution of, 6 ;
official census of, 7 ; education in, 16; newspaper first established in, 17 ; commerce of, 18 ; imports of, 21 ;
taxes and revenue of, 22 ; imports and exports of, 22 ; discovered by Sebastian Cabot, 23 ; roads in, 23 ; historical
sketch of, 23 ; divided into two governments, 25 ; missions established by the Jesuits in, 26 ; ignorance of the clergy
in, 26; travellers deluded in, 28; pleasures and labours in, 30 ; ceremonies of worship in, 30 ; celebration of the Saint's-day in, 30 ; birth of a Republic in, 37 ; improvement of, by Dr. Francia, 45 ; its system of government, 54 ; free navigation of, a political necessity for the Brazilian Empire, 295 ; geographical details of, 295 ; reported barbarities in, 340 ; passion for money making at, 441 ; scarcity of literature in, 462

Paraguay women, arbitrary treatment of, 477
Paraguayan army, how desertion from impossible, 473
Paraguayan coat-of-arms, indiscriminate use of, 43
Paraguayan garrison surrendered, 222
Paraguayan gun-boats a feature of naval interest, 266
Paraguayan officers, their ferocity, 452
Paraguayan race, mixture of breed in the, 10 ; character of the, 12 ; diet of, 12 ; education of, 16 ; independence, ratification of, 55
Paraguayan soldiers, heroism of, 14 ; their deficient intelligence, 15 ; their ferocity at the battle of Corrientes, 290
Paraguayan subscriptions for defence of fatherland, 477
Paraguayan women, patriotism of, 380
Paraguayans, their plan of defence, 306 ; their hopeless position, 334 ; their desperate fighting, 434 ; their escape to Timbo, 334 ; grand total of the lines defended by the, 358 ; rumours of the tortures and executions of, 407
Paraguay©, description of the prisoners of, 11 ; their deformities, 11
Parana abandoned by the Caravan Government, 256
Parana river, dangerous for navigation, 250
Parana river, its chief lines of navigation, 224 ; geographical glance at the, 249 ; memorable flood of the, 415
Parsons, Captain, favourable impressions of, 330
Paseo de Julio, uneducated inhabitants of, 159
Paso la Patria abandoned by Lopez, 301
Paso Pucu, an important central point of the war, 357
Passenger steamer, foul play suspected to a, 135
Passengers' lives in the hands of drunken sailors, 406

Paysandu, population of, 209 ; native mutiny at, 210 ; murdering a Sereno at, 210 ; head-quarters of D. Leandro Gomez at, 210 ; Maua bank demolished at, 211 ; the battle ground of the Blancos and Colorados, 211 ; campaign, siege, and civil war at, 211 ; hopeless attitude of her defenders, 211 ; fall of, 213 ; massacre of women and children at, 213 ; attacked by cholera, 215 ;
people buried at, 215 ; imports and exports of, 215 ; Mr. O'Connor's salting-house at 215 ; female indulgences at, 216 ; flax-growing not profitable at, 217

Paulista Volunteers a distinguished corps, 387
Paupers of Europe, where they should go, 248
Peterkin, M., contractor for guns to the Brazilian army, 274
Plaza de la Cathedral, amusements in the, 438
Plaza de la Victoria, the business part of Buenos Aires, 175; dark and dingy aspect of, 176 ; pronouncements prepared at, 177 ; indignation meeting at, 177 ; ridiculous obelisk at, 177 ; architecture of the reformed cathedral at, 178
Political prisoners, amnesty of, 55
Political quarrel by the people of S. Paulo, 33
Portena beauty not dazzling, 170
Portuguese squadron destroyed by a siege, 142
Potosi, remarkable emigrating to, 104
Prize-fighting on the Cerro, 125
Progreso balls frequented by celebrities, 186
Project for improving the channel at Buenos Aires, 157
Prospect of emigrants to the River Plate, 91
Prytz, M., the furious and ferocious Brazilian, 274



RiACHUELO, defeat of the navy at, 221



Railway at Asuncion, rude appliances of, 460
Eeid, Dr. , in charge of the British Hospital, 151
Eepublicof Uruguay, three hostile parties in, 112
Resquin, Francisca Z,, his severe General Order, 473
Eio Bermejo, salubriousness of its waters, 365
Rio de la Plata, first Viceroy of, 36
Rio Grande and their savages, 365
Rio Paranancito, vegetation of, 254
Rio Uruguay, on board the, 189
Rivas, General, his personal appearance, 336
River Paraguay the reservoir of a thousand streams, 138
River Plate, colonizing in the, 88
Rivera, D., his flight to the Brazil, 211
Robles, General, tried by a secret courtmartial, 264 ; prefers loss of life to loss of liberty, 264
Rosas, Dictator, outrages of, 180 ; opposes the English and French squadrons, 233
Royal mail steamers, reduction of fares in the, 83
Rozai'io, arrival at, 235 ; perspective view of, 236 ; prodigious growth of, 236 ; its site superior to Buenos Aires, 237 ; new laws introduced in, 237 ; value of land at, 237 ; column of Liberty at, 238 ; hideous attempt at classical art at, 239 ; female beauty not interesting at, 239 ; baiting- yards on the Sabbath at, 240 ; limited capacity of newspapers at, 241 ; hairless dogs used instead of warming-pans at, 243; organ-grinders might be put to honest labour, 242



Sailors demoralized by torpedoes, 332
S. Juan, failure of the French colony at, 297
SS. Philip and James, peculiar places of worship, 98
Saladillo Dulce a geographical puzzle, 256
Saltenos better in temporal than spiritual matters, 218
Salto, the picturesque terminus of Uruguay navigation, 218 ; blockaded by Commodore Pinto, 218 ; its surrender to
General Flores, 219 ; precious stones found at, 220
Salto and Concordia, rivalry between the two villages, 220
San Ignacio church, art and science taught at, 182
Sanchez, Vice-President, supposed to be still breathing the upper air, 477
Santo Antonio, skilful landing of the Brazilians at, 427
Sarmiento and Mitre compared with phrenology and physiognomy, 168
Sarmiento elected President of Buenos Aires, 164
Sebastian Cabot, Paraguay discovered by, 23
Serviles sold to D. Miguel, 473
Sheep farming in the River Plate, 89
Shooting, civilized style, in a waggonette, 145
Sketch of the campaign, short abstract of the, 76
Soldiers causing explosions at Humaita, 323
Solis, De, discoverer of the Parana, 137 ; slaughtered, roasted, and eaten, by the Charruas savages, 190
South America, terrible earthquake in, 127
Souza, Marshal, visit to the State House of, 466 ; his nationality not to be mistaken, 466 ; the injurious talk of his enemies, 467
Spanish forbidden to be taught in Paraguay, 31
Speculators threatened with serious trouble, 248
Squatters kind of campaigning life, 231
Stewart, Dr., yields himself prisoner, 452; his interview with the Emperor at Rio de Janeiro, 452 ; his wife and children in danger, 452 ; restoration of the stolen charger of, 463 ; he surrenders to the enemy, 420 ; his house given up to the five great orders of knighthood, 457
Stocks in Paraguay, tortures of the, 132
Stores, free importation of, 21
Suarez, D. Gregorio, his revenge for an old private feud, 214
Suggesting a mode to prevent discontent, 82
Swamp fighting an essential part of Indian warfare, 299



Taji, batteries at, 364 ; Paraguayans dislodged at, 364
Tamandare, Admiral, serious charge against, 212
Taraqui, quaint and picturesque houses of, 272
Taxes and revenue of Paraguay, 22
Taylor, Mr., brutal treatment of, 433
Tebicuary batteries, sketch of, 400
Tigers and wild beasts, legends of, 231
Timber, growth of in Patagonia, 230
Timbo, appearance of, after the evacuation, 346
Timbo garrison, curious contrivance of the, 342
Torpedoes, construction of, 342
Torpedoes provided by the Paraguayans, 332
Travellers deluded in Paraguay, 28
Travellers made comfortable by the Argentines, 188
Travelling to the Upper Uruguay thwarted, 221
Tres Bocas, a retreat for those flying from the reign of terror, 302
Triumpho, Brigadier-General, glorious career of, 384
Tuyu-cue occupied by Brazilians, 359
Tupy-Gruarani language, three years at work at the, 208



Urqtjiza, General, introduction to, 199 ; description of, 200 ; the improvements on his estate, 200 ; his large amount of cattle, 200; the value of his property, 201 ; a bad paymaster, 201 ; curiosity excited in conversation with, 201 ; fresco representations of his battles, 202 ; his predictions on the campaign, 203 ; his going to glory, 253 ; reviewing his cavalry at Punta Gorda, 253
Urquiza, Madame, her appearance at the dinner-table, 204 ; her handsome present, 205
Uruguay, gold mines in, 34; the best place for Irish emigrants, 94 ; not fit for English emigrants, 133 ; patriarchal marriage not the law of the land at, 133 ; her richness in metals, 133
Uruguay river, studying the features of, 193 ; fed by the rains of the Empire of the Southern Cross, 194
Uruguayan national flag, description of the, 100
Uruguayan navigation compared with the Rhine, 218



Varela, D., compelled to quit France through a duel, 223
Velasco, Colonel, tactics of, 299
Vences, battle of, in 1847, 59
Veren, Baron von, evil report of, 402 ; three times arrested as a spy, 402
Villareal, Brazilian army encamped at,4 26



War-loan of Sor Riestra, 328
Wars teach nations their geography, 139
Washburn, Hon. Charles A., nonsensical abuse of, 129 ; introduction to, 408 ; he acts as mediator between the combatants, 409 ; his ill feeling with Lopez, 409 ; receives an invitation to quit his hotel, 409 ; removed by Commander Kirkland, 410 ; his violent letter to the President of Paraguay, 410 ; his diplomatic notes concerning foreigners in Paraguay, 411 ; watched by forty policemen, 411
Water-hog, operations upon the, 392 ; excess of imagination on the, 393 ; their comic air of defiance, 394
Watch-towers used for signalling, 310
Webb, General, his passion for ultimatums, 370
Wheelwright, Mr., his trading notions, 245
Whytehead, Mr., suicide of, 435
Wild maize, where grown, 6



Xenes, Captain, his night expedition, 312



Yataitt-Cora, merit of the Conference of, 305
Yungaz coffee fragrant and delicious,