Men of 1914/G

Gaddis, Benjamin Lloyd, Jr., bank cashier, born Kellyton, Coosa County, Ala., Sept. 12, 1881; son of Benjamin Lloyd and Mary (Hester) Gaddis; graduated from Fifth District Agricultural School, Wetumpka, Ala., June, 1899; married, Wetumpka, June 26, 1906, Rebecca Buyck. Raised on a farm; started bookkeeping in hardware firm of Smith & Gamble, 1900; elected assistant cashier Bank of Wetumpka upon organization, 1901, and cashier 1904, still continuing position. President Gaddis Loan and Investment Co.; vice-president, treasurer and director 'Wetumpka Fertilizer Co., treasurer and director Jenkins Brick Co. of Wetumpka; Gamble Hardware, Co., Lancaster-Johnson Lumber Co., vice-president and director Bank of Wetumpka, and senior member firm Gaddis Bros., real estate and insurance. Democrat; steward Methodist Church, secretary and treasurer Methodist Sunday school. Knight of Pythias, Knight of Korassan, Red Man. Address: Wetumpka. Vice-president Fourth National Bank, Montgomery, Ala.; president Bank of Eclectic, Eclectic, Ala.; treasurer and director Atlas Life Assurance Co. of Montgomery.

Gaebelein, Arndo C., clergyman and author of 456 Fourth Ave., New York City, was born Aug. 27, 1861, in Greiz, Germany. He has held numerous pastorates. He is the editor of "Our Hope." He is the author of "Commentaries on Matthew," "Acts of the Apostles," "Daniel," "Joel," "Zechariah," "The Putatench" and numerous other volumes on biblical research.

Gage, Carl McKinney, president and general manager Huntington & Broad Top Rd. Office, Philadelphia, Pa. Born April 12, 1867. Educated in the public schools at Huntingdon. Entered railway service 1883, as clerk Huntingdon & Broad Top Rd., and served through the various departments on that road until he was made president and general manager, which position he now holds.

Gage, Nelson W., publisher, 114 Liberty St., New York City; residence,. 39 West 20th St. President and director Gage Publishing Co.

Gage, Stephen DeMeritte, experiment station, Lawrence, Mass. Was born Durham, N.H., Jan. 4, 1874. B.S., Mass. Inst. Tech., 1896. Asst. bacteriologist, Lawrence Exp. Sta., 1896-97, biologist and chief asst., 1897-1914, chemist Rhode Island State Board of Health, 1914; M.A.A.; Soc. Bact.; Chem. Soc.; Pub. Health Assn.; New Eng. Water Works Assn.; Mass. Assn. Boards Health; Boston Soc. Civil Eng. Water purification and sewage disposal; chemistry and bacteriology of water and sewage.

Gaines, Frederick F., superintendent motive power Central of Georgia Ry. Office, Savannah, Ga. Born March 28, 1871, at Hawley, Pa. Educated at Cornell University. Entered railway service 1888, since which he has been consecutively two and one-half years freight and ticket clerk Erie Rd.; was then for four years at Cornell University and about one year in the shops of the Erie & Wyoming Valley Rd. August, 1895, to January, 1896, draftsman Lehigh Valley Rd.; Rd. 1896, to April, 1897, engineer of tests; April, 1897, to Nov. 1, 1902, mechanical engineer, and Nov. 1, 1902, to Oct. 15, 1904, master mechanic Wyoming division same road; Nov. 1, 1904, to Dec. 10, 1906, mechanical engineer Philadelphia & Reading Ry.; Dec. 10, 1906, to date, superintendent motive power Central of Georgia Ry. Inventor and patentee of Gaines locomotive furnace.

Gallagher, Thomas, congressman, was born in 1850, in Concord, N.H. He moved to Chicago, Ill. He is a director of the Cook County State Savings Bank; and was twice elected a member of the Chicago City Council. For six years he was a member of the board of education; has served as president of the county democracy; and as chairman of the county central committee. He was a representative from Illinois to the sixty-first and sixty-second congresses as a Democrat; was re-elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Chicago, Ill.

Gallavin, T. M., traveling salesman, Syracuse; residence, 415 South Crouse Ave. Born in Syracuse, Sept. 25, 1869. Educated in Syracuse public schools. (Married.) Vice-president of E. C. Stearns & Co. Member Citizens' Club and Knights of Columbus.

Gallinger, Jacob H., United States senator; born on a farm in Cornwall, Ontario, March 28, 1837, being one of the twelve children of Jacob Gallinger and Catharine (Cook) Gallinger. He received a common school and academic education; was a printer in early life; studied medicine and was graduated in 1858, and followed the profession of medicine and surgery in the city of his present residence from April, 1862, until he entered Congress. He was a member of the House of Representatives of New Hampshire in 1872-73 and 1891; was a member of the Constitutional Convention in 1876; was a member of the State Senate in 1878, 1879 and 1880, being president of that body the last two years; was surgeon-general of New Hampshire with the rank of brigadier-general in 1879-80; received the honorary degree of A.M. from Dartmouth College in 1885. He was chairman of the Republican State Committee from 1882 to 1890, when he resigned the place, but was again elected to the position in 1898, re-elected in 1900, 1902, 1904, 1906 and 1908; was chairman of the delegation from his state to the Republican National Convention of 1888, and made a speech seconding the nomination of Benjamin Harrison; was also chairman of the New Hampshire delegation to the Republican National Convention at Philadelphia in June, 1900, which convention renominated President McKinley, and headed the delegation from his state to the National Conventions in 1904 and 1908; was for a time a member of the National Republican Committee; was chairman of the Merchant Marine Commission of 1904-05, composed of five senators and five representatives in Congress; is a member of the National Forest Reservation Commission. He was elected to the forty-ninth and fiftieth congresses, and declined renomination to the fifty-first congress; was elected United States senator to succeed Henry W. Blair, for the term beginning March 4, 1891; was re-elected in 1897, 1903 and 1909. His term of service will expire March 3, 1915. Address: Concord, New Hampshire.

Galloway, Beverley Thomas, director N.Y. State College of Agriculture, Cornell University, Aug. 1, 1914, assistant secretary of agriculture U.S. Department of Agriculture, March 4,1913 to July 1, 1914; chief of the Bureau of Plant Industry, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1902-13; born in Millersburg, Mo., Oct. 16, 1863. He was graduated from the University of Missouri, B.S., 1884, and received from that university the degree of LL.D., 1902. He was assistant in horticulture in the University, 1884-87; assistant pathologist of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1887-88; pathologist and chief of the Division of Vegetable Pathology and Physiology, 1888-1901; since then chief of the Bureau of Plant Industry. Dr. Galloway is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and was secretary of Section G, 1893 and 1895; is a member of the Botanical Society of America, and of the Society for Plant Morphology and Physiology. He is author of numerous papers on botany, plant physiology and pathology to scientific journals and proceedings, and to the publications of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Residence: Cayuga Hghts., Ithaca, N.Y.

Gamble, John M., landscape painter of 1331 Santa Barbara St., Santa Barbara, Cal., was born Nov. 25, 1863, in Morristown, N.J. He received a gold medal from the Alaska-Yukon Exposition of 1910. He is a pupil of the San Francisco School of Design and of the Academie Julien, Paris. He paints landscapes with foregrounds of wild flowers.

Gamble, John Rufus, hardware merchant; born Arkadelphia, Ala., Jan. 18, 1871; son Dr. J. W. and Martha (Hanby) Gamble; educated Southern Univ., Greensboro, Ala.; married Wetumpka, Ala., Nov. 22, 1893, Eulala V. Lancaster, two sons, two daughters. President Gamble Hardware Co., Wetumpka, Alexander City and Clanton, Ala.; president of Central Alabama Construction Co.; director Bank of Wetumpka, and Jenkins Brick Co. of Montgomery and Wetumpka. Democrat; steward Methodist Episcopal Church South, of Wetumpka, and chairman of Board. Member Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity, Knights of Pythias, Red Men; president of Alabama Retail Hardware Dealers Ass'n for year 1910-11; mem. of Executive Committee, National Retail Hardware Association. Recreations: Fishing, boating. Address: Wetumpka.

Gard, Warren, United States congressman from the third district of Ohio, was born July 2, 1873, in Hamilton, Ohio. He has been judge of the Court of Common Pleas. He was elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15; and resides it Hamilton, Ohio.

Gardam, William Hothersall, clergyman, born in Clitheroe, England, Oct. 18, 1851; son of James Briggs and Ellen (Hothersall) Gardam. He was educated in the schools of his native town, Headingly College, England, 1872-75, Lincoln Theological College, 1875-77, London University, 1875, and received the degree of B.D. from Seabury College, Minn., 1895; D.D. same college, 1913. He was ordained priest in Lincoln Cathedral, England, by Bishop Wordsworth; was minister for two years in Bourne Abbey Church, Lincolnshire, England, and has labored in the United States from 1880. He was dean of the Cathedral of Our Merciful Saviour, at Faribault, Minn., 1887-96. Mr. Gardam is a member of the Standing Cornmittee of the Diocese of Michigan, and examining chaplain. Since 1896 he has been rector of St. Luke's, at Ypsilanti, Mich. Dr. Gardam was a deputy to the General Convention, 1904, also 1910 delegate to the Pan-Anglican Conference, 1908. He is a contributor to various magazines including the Church Eclectic of New York Churchman, contributing editorial writer for the Detroit Free-Press, and writer of many biographical and other sketches. He has traveled extensively in Europe and America. Dr. Gardam married at Milwaukee, Wis., Dec. 27, 1881, Mary Chase, great-granddaughter of Rt. Rev. Philander Chase, First Bishop of Ohio and Illinois. Address: Ypsilanti, Mich.

Gardiner, Asa Bird, lawyer and lieut.-col., retired, was born N.Y. City, Sept. 30, 1839; son of Asa and Rebeka Willard (Bentley) Gardiner; grad. Coll. City of N.Y., A.B., 1859, A.M., 1862; Dartmouth Coll., A.M., 1864; Columbia Univ., A.M., 1869; N.Y. Univ., LL.B., 1860, LL.D., 1876; Hobart Coll. L,.H.D., 1896; married 1st Oct. 18, 1865, Mary Austen (died 1900); 2d, Nov. 5, 1902, Harriet Isabella Lindsay. Admitted to N.Y. Bar, November, 1860. Appt'd 1st lieut., 9th U.S. Inf., July 20, 1866; 1st lieut., Feb. 14, N.Y. State Vol. Inf., May 31, 1862; 1st lieut. and adj., U.S. Veteran Reserve Corps, Feb. 11, 1865; 2d lieut., 9th U.S. Inf., July 20, 1866; 1st lieut., Feb. 14, 1868; transferred to 1st U.S. Art'y, April 13, 1869; acting dept. div. judge advocate and asst. adj. gen., 1871, maj. and judge advocate, Aug. 18, 1873, prof. law (lieut.-col.), U.S. Mil. Acad., 1874-78; asst. to sec. of war, 1887-88; retired, Dec. 8, 1888, for disability in line of duty. In Civil War served with reg't in Virginia, 1861; on regimental recruiting service, N.Y. City, July-August, 1861; resigned from that duty and resumed practice of law. Under subsequent proclamation of President calling for troops, raised company of 22d N.Y. Vols. and served with it in the 8th Army Corps in Maryland and the Shenandoah Valley, May-September, 1862; returned to service until June 18, 1863, as cap't same reg't in Army of Susquehanna, and in 6th Corps, Army of the Potomac in Pa. and Md. to close of Gettysburg campaign at Williamsport, Md.; participated in fight near Fairfax Court House; battles of Blackburn's Ford and Bull Run; skirmish at Winchester, Virginia Aug. 30, 1862; combat at Sporting Hill, Pa., June 30, 1863; Virginia, of Carlisle against Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, July 1-2, 1863 (in which was wounded), and fight before Hagerstown, Md.; bvt'd capt. U.S.V., for gallant and meritorious services; awarded medal of honor for distinguished services during Civil War. Judge Court of Common Pleas, N.C.' to fill vacancy, Janu- ary-April, 1866; dist. atty. N.Y. County, 1897-1900; sec. Gen. Soc. of the Cincinnati since 1884; pres. R.I. State Soc. of Cincinnati since 1899; mem. Mil. Order Loyal Legion; mem. and incorporator U.S. Mil. Service Inst'n; one of founders and incorporators Sons of Revolution; pres. Military Soc. of War of 1812, since January, 1909, Col.-Commandant Veteran Corps of Art'y, State of N.Y.; mem. Beta chapter Phi Beta Kappa, Nu chapter Delta Kappa Epsilon; deputy to L.I. Diocesan Cony. Episcopal Ch.; mem. Standing Comm'n on Archives Gen. Cony. Episcopal Ch. Clubs: Union, Metropolitan, West Point, Manhattan, Church, United Service, Governor's Island. Address: Union Club, N.Y. City.

Gardner, Augustus Peabody, congressman, was born Nov. 5, 1865, in Boston, Mass. In 1886 he graduated from Harvard College. For two terms he was a member of the Massachusetts State Senate. During the Spanish-American war he served as captain and assistant adjutant-general on the staff of General James H. Wilson. He was a member of the fifty-seventh, fifty-eighth, fifty- ninth, sixtieth, sixty-first and sixty-second congresses from Massachusetts as a Republican. He was re-elected to the sixty-third congress and resides in Hamilton, Mass.

Gardner, Charles W., comptroller Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie Ry. Office, Minneapolis, Minn., born Feb. 17, 1861, at Rushville, N.Y. Entered railway service August, 1878, since which he has been consecutively to autumn of 1879, office boy and messenger in general freight agent's office, and stationer and car service clerk St. Paul & Pacific Rd. at St. Paul, Minn.; autumn of 1879 to April, 1880, clerk Red Line Fast Freight, same city; April, 1880 to March, 1883, clerk and stenographer Minnesota Pool Lines, same city; March, 1883 to May 1, 1884, secretary same lines at Chicago; May 1, 1884 to May 16, 1886, general agent Northwestern Traffic Association at Minneapolis, Minn.; May 17, 1886 to July 1, 1887, auditor Minneapolis & Pacific Ry., now Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie Ry.; July 1, 1887 to April, 1909, auditor Minneapolis, Sault Ste. Marie & Atlantic Ry. and its successor, the Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie Ry.; April, 1909 to date, comptroller same road.

Gardner, George A., capitalist. He is a director of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Co., the Boston and Lowell Railroad Co., the Boston and Providence Railroad Co., the Lawrence Manufacturing Co., the Massachusetts Hospital Life Insurance Co., and the Old Colony Railroad Co.; and is vice-president and trustee of the Provident Institution for Savings. Address, 40 State St., Boston, Mass.

Gardner, William Henry, manufacturer and author of Boston, Mass. Was born Oct. 28, 1865, in Boston, Mass. Since 1898 he has been head of the firm of W. H. Gardner and Co., manufacturers of cotton goods, of Boston, Mass. He is the author of Little Songs for Little Singers, and other works.

Gardner, William J., insurance official, of 59 John St., New York City, was born, Wisconsin, Aug. 14, 1869; studied law; began ins. business with Fidelity & Casualty Co., as sp'l agent in 1898; resident mgr. in Chicago for New Amsterdam Casualty Co., 1901-03; mgr. Western Dept. in San Francisco of AEtna Life lns. Co., 1905-06; resident sec. N.Y. branch, N.Y. City, of Accident and Liability Dept., AEtna Life Ins. Co., 1906-09; vice-pres. and gen. mgr. of Commercial Casualty Ins. Co. of Newark, N.J., 1910-11; asst. gen. mgr. of United States branch of The Ocean Accident & Guarantee Corp., Ltd., of London, Eng., 1912-13; and United States mgr. since Jan. 1, 1914.

Garnaas, Lewis Bjornson, merchant, banker; born in Norway, July 1, 1870; son of B. L. and Ingred (Svenkerud) Garnaas; educated in common schools of Norway; married, Towner, N. DAk., Jan. 6. 1897, Carrie P. Halverson; six children. President Farmers' and Merchants' Bank, Garnaas Bros.; director Farmers' Elevator Co.; owns 5,000 acres of the most fertile land in Wells, Benson and Eddy counties, and farms very extensively. Republican; Lutheran. Trustee Good Samaritan Hospital, Rugby, N. DAk. Club: Odin. Address: Sheyenne.

Garner, John Nance, congressman and lawyer, born in Red River County, Texas, Nov. 22, 1869. He was admitted to the bar in December, 1890, and served two terms in the Texas House of Representatives. He was elected from the 15th Texas district to the fifty-eighth, fifty-ninth, sixtieth, sixty-first, sixty-second and sixty-third congresses, and re-elected to the sixty-fourth congress. Mr. Garner was a delegate to the National Democratic Conventions in Kansas City in 1900 and in St. Louis in 1904. He married Nov. 25, 1895, Ettie Rheiner. Address: Uvalde, Texas.

Garretson, Garret James, jurist, born in Newton, N.Y., in 1847. He was educated at private schools and the Flushing (L.I.) Institute in New York. He was admitted to the New York bar, 1869; served as school commissioner of Queens County, N.Y., 1873-75; surrogate, 1880, and county judge of Queens County, 1886-96; member of the Greater New York Charter Commission, 1896. He was elected in 1896 justice of the Supreme Court of the State of New York for the term expiring Dec. 31, 1910. Reelected, 1910, and now serving. He married first, at Roslyn, N.Y., 1876, Eliza. L. Eastman (died 1888) by whom he has three daughters and a son and he married, second, in Brooklyn, 1897, Sara Wilson. Address: Elmhurst, N.Y.

Garrett, Alexander Charles, bishop of Dallas, born in Ballymot, County Sligo, Ireland, Nov. 4, 1832; son of Rev. John Garrett and Elizabeth (Fry) Garrett. He studied at Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, graduating with the degree of B.A. in 1855. He received from his alma mater the degree of D.D. in 1882, and that of LL.D., from the University of Mississippi, Oxford, Miss., in 1876. He was ordained deacon in the Episcopal Church by the Bishop of Winchester in 1856 and was ordained to the priesthood by the same bishop in 1857. During the years of 1856-59 he was curate of East Warldham, Hants, and following that he became missionary in the British Colonies, holding the office for tens years. He was rector of St. James Church, San Francisco, Cal., 1870-72, and dean of Trinity Cathedral, Omaha, Neb., 1872-74. He was made bishop of Dallas, Tex., in 1874, and was consecrated by Bishops Clarkson, Tuttle, Hare and Spalding. Bishop Garrett is author of: Historical Continuity, 1875; The Eternal Sacrifice, and other Sermons, 1881; Baldwin Lectures on the Philosophy of the Incarnation, 1891, and occasional sermons and addresses. Address, Dallas, Tex.

Garrett, Daniel E., United States congressman at large from Texas, was born April 28, 1869, in Robertson County, Tenn. He is a lawyer; and has been a member of the State Senate. He was elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Houston, Tex. Garrett, Finis James, congressman, was born Aug. 26, 1875, near Ore Springs, Tenn. In 1897 he graduated from Bethel College of Tenn.; and for several years taught in the city schools of Milan, Tenn. In 1899 he began the practice of law; and in 1900-05 was master in chancery. He was elected to the fifty-ninth, sixtieth, sixty-first and sixty-second congresses. He was re-elected to the sixty-third congress from the ninth district of Tennessee for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Dresden, Tenn.

Garrett, John Biddle, retired, born Philadelphia, Dec. 30, 1836; graduated from Haverford College, 1854; married, Sept. 6, 1866, Hannah Rhoads Haines. He was in business as a merchant and manufacturer, 1854-74, and in 1874 he engaged with the Lehigh Valley Railroad of which became third vice-president in 1887, afterward second vice-president and vice-president until 1901, when retired; also treasurer, vice-president and president of Girard Trust Co. of Philadelphia, 1879-87, still director of same. A manager of Haverford College. In 1895 was chairman of the First Mohonk International Arbitration Conference. Minister in the Society of Friends. Address, Rosemont.

Garver, John A., lawyer, born 1854; grad. Phillips Acad., Andover, Mass., 1871; Yale, A.B., 1875; Columbia Law School, LL.B., 1877; married, New Haven, Conn., Rebecca C. Brewster; one son, Chauncey Brewster Garver, born April 4, 1886 (Yale, 1908, Harvard Law School, 1911). Mem. since 1884 of law firm of Shearman & Sterling, formed in 1874 by the late Thomas G. Shearman and by John W. Sterling, the present partners being John W. Sterling, John A. Garver, and James M. Beck; the firm of Shearman & Sterling is one of the oldest in New York, and is counsel for many banks and other large corporations; the firm represented the Consolidated Gas Co. in the eighty-cent gas litigation; and Mr. Garver was senior counsel. He was also one of the counsel in the Brazilian coffee case, the Longacre case, etc. Member Association Bar City of N.Y., N.Y. Law Institute. Clubs: University, Yale, City Lunch, Piping Rock. Address: 55 Wall St., N.Y. City.

Garvin, Herbert C., flour miller, financier; born, Fond du Lac, Wis., April 23, 1863; son of Benjamin and A. A. (Kimball) Garvin; attended public schools of Fond du Lac and Oshkosh, Wis.; married, 1895, Louise Dana. Messenger, 1878, C. & N.W. Ry., Oshkosh, Wis.; 1879, telegraph operator New Ulm, Minn.; 1880, night train dispatcher Winona, Minn.; 1881, agent C. & N.W. Ry., Tracy, Minn.; 1883, traveling agent Huron, S.D.; 1884, traveling freight and passenger agent Watertown, S.D.; and general agent, 1888-98 for Chicago and Northwestern Railroad Lines in Minnesota and South and North Dakota; since 1898 secretary and treasurer of the Bay State Milling Co. of Winona, Minn. Director First National Bank of Winona, and in other corporations. Clubs: Minneapolis (Minneapolis); Union League (Chicago); Arlington (Winona). Address: Winona.

Gary, Elbert Henry, lawyer, jurist and banker of New York City, was born Oct. 8, 1846, in Wheaton, Ill. He was educated in the public schools, at Wheaton College; and in 1867 he graduated from the Law Department of the Chicago University. In 1867 he was admitted to the practice of law in Illinois; and in 1878 was admitted to practice in the Supreme Court of the United States. He was general counsel of several railroad companies, manufactories and other corporations. In 1893-94 he was president of the Chicago Bar Association. He was connected with the organization of the Federal Steel Co.; and in 1898 retired from the practice of law to become president of that company. He was prominently identified with the organization of the United States Steel Co. He is president of the Gary-Wheaton Bank of Wheaton, Ill.; and is a director of several banks in Chicago; New York and many other corporations. He is a trustee of the Northwestern University; and is the builder of the Gary Memorial Church in Wheaton, Ill. He is the real founder of Gary, Ind., destined to become the greatest steel manufacturing city in America.

Gary, Hampson, lawyer; born Tyler, Tex., April 23, 1873; son of Franklin Newman and Martha Isabella (Boren) Gary, lineal descendant of Gen. Joseph Dickson of Revolutionary fame; educated in Bingham School, N.C., and Univ. of Virginia; married Dee. 18, 1901, Bessie Royall, daughter of N. R. Royall of Palestine, Tex.; children: Franklin, born 1905; Helen, born 1907. Admitted to bar, 1894, and since in practice at Tyler; vice-president Royall National Bank; director Guaranty State Bank. Captain U.S. volunteers in Spanish-American War, 1898; later was colonel Third Infantry Regiment, T.N.G. Member House of Representatives of Texas, 1901-02; member State Democratic Executive Committee, 1902-04; delegate to Democratic State Conventions in 1904, 1906, 1912, and Democratic National Convention, Denver, 1908; nominated Democratic presidential elector for state-at-large, 1908, but declined honor. Referee in bankruptcy for several years. Standing Master in Chancery U.S. Court for entire eastern district of Texas since February, 1913; regent of Univ. of Texas, 1909-11. Trustee Tyler Public Library. Member Texas State Bar Association, National Geographic Society, American Bar Association. Residence, 407 South Broad Ave. Office, 218 West Ferguson St., Tyler, Tex.

Gary, Peter G., United States congressman from the second district of Rhode Island, was born Sept. 18, 1879, in New York City. He has been a representative in the Newport Council. He was elected to the Sixty-third Congress for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Providence, R.I.

Gates, Isaac Edwin, capitalist; born at Preston, Conn., Jan. 2, 1833; son of Cyrus and Patty (Hewitt) Gates; educated in public schools, Connecticut Literary Institution, Suffield, Conn., Colgate University and Theological Seminary, Hamilton, N.Y.; ordained to Baptist ministry and remained in that profession nine years, retiring on account of ill health in 1869; married, at Oneonta, N.Y., 1861, Ellen M. Huntington; one daughter, Helen (Mrs. Archer M. Huntington). Entered the service of the Central Pacific Railroad Co., in 1869, and remained with. that company and its successors for many years; has also been connected with the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad, the Elizabethtown, Lexington & Big Sandy Railroad, and the Chesapeake, Ohio & Southwestern Railroad as secretary and treasurer; formerly president of the Texas & New Orleans Railroad; now treasurer and director of the Old Dominion Land Co.; also vice-president and treasurer Newport News Light & Water Co. Baptist. Treasurer and trustee Hispanic Society of America; member Colgate University Chapter of the Phi Beta Kappa fraternity. Residence, Hotel Majestic. Office, 15 West 81st St., New York City.

Gatlin, Thomas Hall, Jr., assistant chief engineer maintenance of way Southern Ry. Office, Washington, D.C. Born Nov. 8, 1876, at Tarboro, N.C. Educated at Trinity College, Durham, N.C., 1894 to 1895. Entered railway service May, 1892, since which he has been consecutively to August, 1894, with the Atlantic Coast Line as rodman, assistant resident engineer, masonry and foundation inspector and engineer in charge of trestle work; 1896 and 1897, engineer for Edgecombe County Bridge Commission and engaged on other highway bridge work; 1897 and 1898, engaged in general engineering practice at Tarboro, N.C., 1899 to 1901, chief engineer East Carolina Ry.; 1901, engineer for Eagle Construction Co. of Toledo, 0., constructing 25 miles of new railroad; fall of 1902, transitman Trans-Appalachian Rd. on preliminary surveys through the mountains of western North Carolina; spring of 1903 to spring of 1904, transitman Southern Ry. on location and graduation work through western North Carolina and Tennessee; spring of 1904 to spring of 1905, assistant engineer same road in chief engineer's office at Washington, D.C.; spring of 1905 to July 1, 1906, assistant engineer same road in charge of drafting department chief engineer's office, in charge of track work and yards; July 1, 1906, to Aug. 1, 1911, engineer maintenance of way Middle district at Knoxville, Tenn.; Aug. 1, 1911, to date, assistant chief engineer maintenance of way same road at Washington, D.C.

Gaudin, William John, merchant, public official; born Fentress County, Tenn., Jan. 31, 1859; Swiss-French descent; son of John W. and Adelia (Very) Gaudin; educated Hiwassee College, Monroe County, Tenn.; began his business career as a school teacher and farmer; entered the. general merchandise business in 1892; married twice, first Z. A. Edwards, Nov. 6, 1881, second, J. A. Rich, May 19,1904; member Jamestown Lodge No. 281, F. and A.M., and 32d° Scottish Rite, Valley of Nashville. Republican. Appointed U.S. Commissioner by Department of Justice in 1882, and has held that office since. Member of Methodist Church; charter member Jamestown Lodge No. 83, I.O.O.F., and charter member of Encampment Lodge in same town.

Gauger, O. J., merchant, banker and business president of Sullivan, Ill., was born Feb. 11, 1856, in Turbutville, Pa. He has been a successful bookkeeper, salesman, private banker and business president. He is now president of the Sullivan Dry Goods Company; president of 0. J. Gauger and Company, dealers in lumber and hardware; and manages his two farms.

Gauvreau, Charles Arthur, notary; born September 29, 1860, at Isle Verte, County of Temiscouata, Canada; son of Louis N. Gauvreau, N.P. and G.C.C. Seigneur of Villeray, by his wife Gracieuse Gauvreau; nephew, on father's side, of Sir N. F. Belleau, first lieutenant governor of Quebec; married, Sept. 7, 1887, Gertrude, daughter of Dr. Gauthier, of Montreal; educated at College of Rimouski (B.A.) and Laval University. Commissioner of Superior Court; elected to House of Commons at bye-election in 1897; reelected in 1900, 1904, 1908 and 1911. Is a Liberal in politics. Address: Fraserville, Quebec, County of Terisisconata.

Gavin, Michael Freebern, physician; b. May 12, 1844, in Ireland; came to America in 1857; ed. in public schools and by private tutors, pursuing his higher studies at Harvard Medical School (M.D., 1864); Royal College of Surgeons, Ireland (F.R.C.S., 1866); and took a post-graduate course in the School of Medicine, Paris, France. After graduating from Harvard College in 1864, Dr. Gavin immediately entered Boston City Hospital and held the position of Senior Resident Physician for a year. Enlisted with the Fifty-seventh Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia in 1865, being appointed Assistant Surgeon; remained with the regiment until the close of the war and then went abroad with the intention of making, a thorough study of surgery and surgical methods; lived in Paris till 1868, affiliated with several hospitals, and continuing studies; returned to Boston in 1868 and was appointed Visiting Surgeon Boston City Hospital, and held this position for several years; m., in 1876, Ellen Theresa Doherty, of New York. Served as Visiting Surgeon Carney Hospital; Consulting Surgeon St. Elizabeth's Hospital; Professor of Clinical Surgery at Boston Polyclinic, 1888-91. Trustee of Boston City Hospital, 1878-84; also trustee of Union Institution for Savings, and director of Mattapan Deposit and Trust Co. Contributor to magazines and medical papers at home and abroad, of scientific treatises on various professional subjects, notably The Treatment of Burns (Dublin Medical Press), and Comparative Statistics of Suicide (Appleton's Weekly). Member of the Boston Society for Medical Improvement; Massachusetts Medical Society; Boston Society for Medical Observation; American Medical Association; British Medical Association; Royal College of Surgeons; Boston Athletic Association; Boston Catholic Alumni. Club: Papyrus. Address: 546 Broadway, South Boston, Mass.

Gazzam, Joseph, M., lawyer; born in Pittsburgh, Dec. 2, 1842, son of Dr. Edward Despard Gazzam, physician, lawyer, statesman, one of organizers of the Free Soil party and its first candidate for governor of Pennsylvania, and Elizabeth Antoinette de Beelen de Bertholff, daughter of Constantine Antoine de Beelen de Bertholff, and granddaughter of Baron Frederick Eugene Francois d Beelen de Bertholff (Austrian Minister to the United States from 1783 to 1787). He was educated at the University of Western Pennsylvania. Admitted to the Allegheny County Bar, Jan. 6, 1864; to the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania in November, 1867; to the Circuit and District Courts of the United States in May, 1869, and to the Supreme Court of the United States, March 19, 1870. He practiced at Pittsburgh until 1879; member of the law firm of Gazzam & Cochran (Mr. Cochran ex-member of Congress and vice-president Missouri Pacific Railroad) from 1872 to 1879; and removed, 1879, to Philadelphia. He has since practiced law in the latter city and associated with William S. Wallace and formerly Gazzam, Wallace & Lukens, but now retired. Mr. Gazzam is a Republican in politics. He was a member of the city council of Pittsburgh in 1869-1873 and elected state senator in 1876, from the forty-third senatorial district of Pennsylvania. While so serving he introduced a bill for a marriage license law which was almost identical with the law now in force, but which was defeated in the lower House. He was author of the law which did away with the calls for special elections for state officers and thus effected a great saving to the State, and many other important acts. He was appointed by Governor William A. Stone commissioner from Pennsylvania to represent the State at the South Carolina Interstate and West Indian Exposition of 1902, and also a member of the Pennsylvania Commission by. Governor Samuel W. Pennypacker to the Louisiana Purchase Exposition at St. Louis. Mr. Gazzam is president of the Rees Welsh Digest and Law Publishing Company, was one of the organizers of Quaker City National Bank of Philadelphia and fourteen years its vice-president. He is president of the Ames-Bonner Company of Toledo, 0., vice-president of the Dent's Run Coal Company, Pennsylvania; chairman of the board of directors of Peale, Peacock & Kerr, Incorporated; director in the Delaware Company and others. He was one of the projectors of the Beech Creek Railroad and the town of Gazzam was named for him. Mr. Gazzam is a life member of the Pennsylvania Historical Society, the Fairmount Park Association, the Franklin Institute, Horticultural Association of Pennsylvania, the Pennsylvania Forestry Association, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Zoological Society, the American Academy of Political and Social Science, the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, the Archaeological and Palaeontological Society of the University. He is a member and el-president of the Pennsylvania Club, a life member of the Union League and Lawyers' Club of Philadelphia; a member of the National Arts Club of New York City, City Club of New York, and the Toledo Club, Toledo, 0. Mr. Gazzam married, in 1893, Nellie M. Andrews of New Orleans, and they have two children: Joseph M. Gazzam, Jr., and Olivia M. de B. Gazzam. Residence, 265 South 19th St.

Geer, George Jarvis, merchant, of New York City; born at Ballston Spa, N.Y., Oct. 25, 1846; son of Rev. George Jarvis, D.D., and Isabelle (Montague) Geer; grad. Columbia College, E.M., 1868; married, New York City, June 11, 1873, Louise, daughter Hon. Henry Horace and Esther (Langdon) Goodman; children: Louise, born 1874; George Jarvis, 3d, born 1876; Marshall, born 1878; Langdon, born 1880. Manager B. Priestley & Co.; president Cravenette Co., Ltd. Republican; Episcopalian. Member Holland Lodge, F. and A.M., Chamber of Commerce, Museum Natural History. Clubs: University, Church.

Geist, Clarence Henry, capitalist; born in LaPorte, Ind., Jan. 10, 1868; son of Ezra and Eloise Bradley Geist; educated in northern Indiana schools. Mr. Geist was engaged in farming until 1893, and later in the real estate business in Chicago and suburbs until 1902, when he entered the gas, electric and water business. During the past twelve years he has purchased and reorganized in over sixty municipalities companies in this line of business, and has sold securities amounting to over $100,000,000 to cover the purchase and operation of these properties. He personally owns the control of some of the largest and best public utility companies in the United States. Mr. Geist's office and home are located in Philadelphia.

Gemunder, August M., violin maker and expert, 141 West 42d St., New York City; residence, 220 West 107th St. Born in New York City, May 4, 1862. Educated in public schools and at Heidenfeld Institute. Married. Head of the firm of August Gemunder & Sons (est. 1846). Member Anion Society, Musicians' Club and Liederkranz.

Genung, M. E., dry goods merchant, 34 South Fourth Ave., Mount Vernon; residence, Bronxville, N.Y.; stores at Mount Vernon, White Plains, Bronxville. Educated at Amenia Seminary. Married. Member Congregational Club of New York City.

George, Henry, congressman, was born Nov. 3, 1862, in Sacramento, Cal. He has been engaged in newspaper and magazine work and is the author of several works. He was elected to the Sixty-second and Sixty-third Congresses.

George, Samuel B., farmer, banker; born in Lexington, S.C., July 27, 1871; son of E. J. and Bedia (Taylor) George; educated in Lexington public schools, 1886-90; married, Lexington, S.C., Dec. 29, 1896, Olga Hendrix; five children. Surveyor from age of 19, until elected clerk of Fifth Circuit Court of Lexington County, 1900, re-elected 1904, term expiring 1909. General manager, secretary, and treasurer Citizens' Telephone Co. (operating 500 phones in county); president Home National Bank, and secretary of the Lexington County Fair Association. Democrat; member Methodist Episcopal Church South (lay member South Carolina Conference). Member South Carolina Bankers' Association, County Board of Education, term ending 1912; member Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias; Royal Arch Mason and member of Mystic Shrine. Recreations: Swimming, motoring. Address, Lexington.

Getter, John P., general manager Kishacoquillas Valley Rd. Office Belleville, Pa. Born Oct. 27, 1857. Entered railway service 1892 as general manager Kishacoquillas Valley Rd., which position he still holds.

Gibbs, Willard King, soldier and merchant, of Memphis, Tenn., was born Aug. 5, 1876, in Hannibal, Mo. He was educated in the public schools of his native city, and at the Hannibal Commercial College. He is a successful jeweler; is identified with the Democratic party; and has filled various positions of trust and honor. He is member of the Spanish-American War Veterans; and is a member of the Knights of Pythias and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. During the Spanish-American war he was first lieutenant in the Fourth Missouri United States Volunteer Infantry; in 1899-1900 was captain of Company F, 4th Regiment Infantry, Missouri National Guard; and in 1900-02 was also captain and ordnance officer in the same regiment. He became second lieutenant in Company E, Fourth Regiment Infantry, Missouri National Guard. He is now identified with the business and public affairs of Memphis, Tenn.

Gibson, Paris, manufacturer, founder and United States Senator of Great Falls, Mont., was born July 1, 1830, in Brownfield, Me. In 1858 he settled in Minneapolis, Minn., and built, with W. W. Eastman, the first flour mill and first woolen mill in Minneapolis. In 1882 he first examined the falls of the Missouri, and at once founded the City of Great Falls. In 1889 he was a member of the convention that framed the Constitution of Montana. In 1891 he was elected state senator of Montana, and in 1901-03 he was United States Senator from Montana. He is now extensively engaged in real estate and farming in Great Falls, Mont.

Gidley, James Williams, U.S. National Museum, Washington, D.C., was born at Winnesheik County, Ia., Jan. 7, 1866. B.S., Princeton, 1898; M.S., 1901. Asst. vent. paleont., Am. Museum Nat. Hist., 1892-94, 1899-1905; preparator and custodian fossil mammals, U.S. Nat. Museum, 1905-10; assistant curator fossil mammals, U.S. Nat. Museum, 1914. Soc. Vert. Paleont.; Wash. Biol. Soc. (treas., 1909-13); Wash. Geol. Soc., A.A.A.S. Mammalian paleontology; stratigraphic geology. Basal Eocene mammals.

Giegerich, Leonard Anthony, jurist of New York City, was born May 20, 1855, in Rotz, Bavaria. He was brought to America when an infant; and since 1860 has lived in the Eleventh Ward of New York City. In 1877 he was admitted to the bar; and in 1886 was elected a representative to the New York State Legislature. He became collector of internal revenue for the third district of New York; and in 1890 was appointed judge of the City Court. In 1890 he was elected county clerk; in 1891 was appointed judge of the Court of Common Pleas; and the following year was elected for a full term of fourteen years. He was a delegate to the New York Constitutional Convention of 1894. In 1896 he was transferred' to the Supreme Court and was re-elected to the Supreme Court bench for the full term of fourteen years.

Gifford, Robert Ladd, engineer and inventor; born in Smithfield, 0., Sept. 12, 1867; son of William and Lydia (Ladd) Gifford. He was graduated from Cornell University in 1891. He has been president of the Illinois Engineering Company since 1900, and is nationally known as an inventor of steam appliances and a process for the recovery of sulphate of iron. He is a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the American Society of Heating and Ventilating Engineers, the Western Society of Engineers; and is a member of the Alpha Delta Phi Club of New York and the University, South Shore Country, and City Clubs of Chicago, and the Midwick Country Club, Los Angeles. He married in Chicago, Oct. 12 1898, Evelyn A. Brooks, and has one son. Residence, Oak Knoll, Pasadena, Cal. Office, n. w. corner Harrison and Clinton Sts., Chicago, and branches.

Gilbert, D. B., chairman Prohibition State Committee of Nebraska, was born Jan. 20, 1866, in Lewisville, Ind. He taught for a number of years in the country schools of Kansas and Indiana; and was teacher and chaplain in the Indiana Youths' School at Fort Wayne. He also taught in the Central Normal College of Danville, Ind.; and in the Southern Indiana Normal College at Mitchell, of which institution he was president for two -years. He is prominently identified with the business and public affairs of his State; and is the owner of two student supply stores in Fremont, Neb. He is a member of the Prohibition National Committee; and for four years has been chairman of the State Prohibition party of Nebraska.

Gilbert, Frank Bixby, lawyer, librarian, State Education Department, Albany, N.Y.; was born at Bainbridge, N.Y., March 10, 1867; son of Don A. and Amelia H. (Bixby) Gilbert; grad. Bainbridge Academy, 1885; Hamilton College, A.B., 1889; married at Bainbridge, N.Y., Oct. 9, 1895, Frances Freiot. Admitted to bar, November, 1891; assistant Statutory Revision Commission, 1892- 1901; attorney in legislative bill drafting department, appointed by Speaker of Assembly and President of Senate, 1901-05; State law librarian, January, 1906-October, 1908, now chief counsel State Education Department and Regents University, State of New York, appointed Oct. 1, 1908. Editor Am. Elec. Cases and Street Railway Cases (Matthew Bender & Co.). Compiler Gilberts' Annotated Code of Civil Procedure, Town and Country Officers' Manual, the Law of Domestic Relations. Co-editor (with Robert C. Cumming) The General Laws and Revised Statutes of the State of New York (4 vols.) and Annotated Consolidated Laws of State of New York, 1909, with supplements to date (11 vols.). Member Chi Psi fraternity (Hamilton College, Alpha Phi). Clubs: University (Albany), Island Golf (Troy).

Gilbert, William Morris, clergyman, of Yonkers, N.Y., was born at Geneva, N.Y., March 23, 1862; son of Morris J. and Eliza (Simonds) Gilbert; grad. Union College, B.A., 1883; Cambridge Episcopal Theol. School, B.D., 1.892; married at Philadelphia, Oct. 10, 1892, Frances, daughter of Dr. John B. Chapin, superintendent Pennsylvania Hosp. for Insane, West Philadelphia; children: William Morris, Jr., born 1894; Harriet Elizabeth, born 1900; Frances, born 1902. Rector Grace Church, Carthage, N.Y., 1892-94; assistant minister, Grace Church, Baltimore, 1894-96; rector, St. Paul's Church, Yonkers, N.Y., since 1896. Member Psi Upsilon fraternity. President Yonkers Fortnightly Club for Study of Anthropology.

Gilder, Jeannette Leonard, journalist, of 100 East 17th St., Flushing, N.Y. Oct. 3, 1849; daughter of Rev. William H. and Jane (Nutt) Gilder; educated at St. Thomas Hall, a woman's college conducted by her father. Began newspaper career at 18 as writer on Newark (N.J.) Morning Register, conducted by her brother, Richard Watson Gilder, and as Newark reporter for New York Tribune; later on editorial staff of the old Scribner's Monthly (now the Century Magazine); literary editor, 1875, and later dramatic and musical critic New York Herald until 1880; with brother, Joseph B. Gilder, founded, 1881, and ever since joint editor with him of The Critic (later Putnam's Monthly). Has been correspondent of leading papers in Boston and Philadelphia, and of London Academy; now regular literary correspondent Chicago Tribune. Author: "Taken by Siege," "Pen Portraits of Literary Women" (with Helen 0-. Cone), "Essays from the Critic" (with J. B. Gilder), "Representative Poems of Living Poets," 1886; "Authors at Home," 1889; "The Autobiography of a Tomboy," 1900; "The Tomboy at Work," 1904. Club: The Colony.

Gildersleeve, Ferdinand, merchant and banker, of Gildersleeve, Conn., where he was born Aug. 20, 1840. Ile is senior partner of Gildersleeve & Sons, merchants, with which he has been identified for fifty years; and in the shipbuilding business, established in 1821. Since 1894 he has been president of the First National Bank of Portland, Conn., which he organized in 1865. He has been president of the Freestone Savings Bank of Portland, Conn. is now its treasurer; and since 1872 has been postmaster of Gildersleeve, Conn.

Gillespie, Lawrence Lewis, banker; born at Chicago, Ill., Dec. 23, 1876; son of George Lewis and Rhobie (McMaster) Gillespie; graduated Cutler School, New York City, 1894, Harvard, A.B., 1898. Engaged in banking soon after graduation. Has traveled extensively in United States and Europe and has been around the world and visited the Far East, China and Philippines. Entered Volunteer Service in 1898 as second lieutenant, First U.S. Vol. Engineer Regiment, and served in Porto Rico, being promoted first lieutenant and then acting captain; resigned October, 1898. Member Military Order Foreign Wars, New York Chamber of Commerce, Mason (Holland Lodge 8). Clubs: Union, Brook, Racquet and Tennis, Turf and Field, Lawyers', New York Athletic, Metropolitan, Down Town, Tuxedo, Sons of Revolution, Pilgrims, Aero, Japan Society, American Geographical Society; and the Hope Club and Turk's Head Club of Providence, RI.; and the Newport Reading Room and the Newport Golf Club and Westchester Polo Club of Newport.

Gillett, Frederick Huntington, congressman, was born Oct. 16, 1851, in Westfield, Mass. He was assistant attorney-general of Massachusetts in 1879-82. He was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1890-91. He was a member of the Fifty-third, Fifty-fourth, Fifty-fifth, Fifty-sixth, Fifty-seventh, Fifty-eighth, Fifty-ninth, Sixtieth, Sixty-first and Sixty-second Congresses as a Republican. He was re-elected to the Sixty-third Congress from the Second District of Massachusetts for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Springfield, Mass.

Gillette, Edwin Fraser, architect; born in Chicago, Oct. 19, 1863; son of Edwin Lewis Gillette and Josephine Mighill (Perley) Gillette. He attended Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, at Troy, from 1880 to 1884, and was graduated from the Armour Institute of Technology, Chicago, as B.S., in 1906, with Tau Beta Pi honors. He took charge of the office of E. L. Gillette in 1885, for real estate and renting, and has been manager of the office of Estate of E. L. Gillette since 1892; and has been vice-president of the Strang Engine Company since 1902; and licensed architect in October, 1906. He traveled around the world in 1891, and from 1900 to 1902, and was a year in Japan, in 1902 and 1903. In politics he is a Republican and in religion a Unitarian. Mr. Gillette is a member of the Society of Colonial Wars, Sons of the American Revolution, Theta Xi fraternity, and member of the Tau Beta Pi honorary fraternity. His favorite recreations are walking, tennis and swimming, and he is a member of the University, Chicago Athletic and Chicago Architectural Clubs. Mr. Gillette married in San Francisco, Oct. 27, 1902, Mabel Hyde, and they have four children: Hyde, born June 23, 1906; Edwin, born Aug. 11, 1909; Helen, born Nov. 22, 1910, and Marietta, born Nov. 22, 1911. Residence, 1138 Dearborn Ave., Chicago. Address, 8 South Dearborn St., Chicago, Ill.

Gilmore, Edward, United States congressman from the Fourteenth District of Massachusetts, was born Jan. 4, 1867, in Brockton, Mass. He has been a member of the State Legislature. He was elected to the Sixty-third Congress for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Brockton, Mass.

Gilmore, John Curtis, Jr., army officer, of Fort Miley, Cal., was born at Fort McRae, N.M., July 23, 1869; son of Brig.-Gen. J. C. and Hattie (Connor) Gilmore; educated at Racine College, Wis.; graduated West Point Military Academy, class 1894; 2d lieutenant Fourth Cavalry, June 12, 1894; transferred to Fourth Artillery, Oct. 12, 1894; promoted to 1st lieutenant artillery, March 2, 1899; captain artillery corps, July 1, 1901; major coast artillery corps, U.S.A., March 3, 1911. Volunteer commissions: Captain assistant adjutant-general, May 12, 1898; captain asst. quartermaster, June 14, 1899; major 43d U.S. Vol. Inf. (hon. mustered out), July 5, 1901; asst. adjutant-general 5th army corps, Santiago de Cuba. Participated in numerous engagements in Philippine insurrection. Clubs: Metropolitan, Chevy Chase, Army and Navy (Washington, D.C.), Pacific-Union, Bohemian (San Francisco); Army and Navy (New York).

Gilmore, Pascal Pearl, banker; born at Dedham, Me., June 24,1845; son of Tyrrel and Mary Wood Pearl Gilmore; reared on a farm and educated in common schools and at Eastern Maine Conference Seminary, Bucksport, Me.; married, Holden, Me., Oct. 25, 1881, Alma Marie Hart. Served in 16th Regiment, Maine Infantry, in Civil War; engaged in several battles; present when General Lee surrendered at Appomattox, Virginia, April 9, 1865; not off duty a single day during term of service; complimented by superior officers for gallant and meritorious conduct at battle of March 21. 1865. Lumber inspector in Michigan, 1867-71; farmer and conveyancer, Dedham, Me., 1871-91; now president Bucksport National Bank. Chairman Board of Selectmen ten years; supervisor of schools fifteen years; member House of Representatives of Maine, 1875, 1883; member of Senate, 1891; State Liquor Commissioner, 1891-96; State treasurer, 190711. Republican. Scottish Rite Mason, 32°. Address, Bucksport.

Gilstrap, W. H., artist and curator of Historical Society Building, was born April 24, 1849, in Beecher City, Effingham County, Ill. He was a pupil of H. A. Elkins, Kenney, Bigelow and others. He is a secretary of the Washington State Historical Society; and secretary and curator of the Ferry Museum.

Ginnasi, Francis; born Imola, Prov. Bologna, Italy, Feb. 14, 1859; parents, John and Josephine Cantua ; unmarried; educated Imola, Italy, and Univ. Brussels, Belgium; grad. N.Y. Univ. 1884; lic. New York same year; Cal. and Mis. 1886; deg. M.D.; post-grad. Gordon's Hosp.; Soccus Sq. Hosp. for Dis. Women, London, Eng.; Dist. Phys. Marion St. Hosp.; Asst. Dist. Phys. and Asst. Phys. N.Y. Disp. ; Vis. Phys. Italian Sailors' Hosp., Brooklyn, N.Y.; Vis. Phys. Italian Home. Member Acad. Med. M.S. of the S.N.Y.; A.M.A.; inventor Acetylene Gas Generator, Patent No. 613,901; Regular; Residence and office, 118 Macdougal St., New York ; 8-10 a.m. and 6-8 p.m.

Girten, Michael Francis, lawyer and jurist. Business address, 122 South Michigan Boulevard ; residence, 5827 Princeton Ave. Born August 20, 1871, in Lemont, Ill. Parents, Peter Girten, born in Germany, Anna Maria Theis, Germany. At the inception of the Chicago Municipal Court in 1906 was elected one of the associate justices (judges). Because of his linguistic attainments was appointed by Chief Justice of Municipal Court to sit in branches where cases of a foreign speaking people were heard. Was particularly successful in cases heard in German, Polish, Bohemian, Lithuanian, French and English. Positions holding : Member of faculty, Law Department, Loyola University; lecturer in School of Sociology; president of the German (Aid) Society of Chicago (founded 1854) vice-president Central Verein, etc. Member of Illinois Athletic, Press and German Clubs. Notre Dame College, no degree; Chicago-Kent College of Law, degree LL.B. Is particularly interested in the civic life of Chicago. Has had bills of Housing introduced in the State Legislature, 1910-1911 and 1912-1913. While the bills in each case failed of passage a sustained interest in Housing has ever been displayed. Republican.

Githens, J. N., freight traffic manager Missouri Pacific and St. Louis Iron Mountain & Southern Rys. Office, St. Louis, Mo., born on a farm near Fellowship, N.J. Studied stenography while employed with a wholesale commission house in Philadelphia, Pa., in 1888. Entered railway service as secretary to assistant freight traffic manager Illinois Central Rd., since which he has been consecutively to June 1, 1900, assistant commercial agent at Chicago ; April 1, 1906, to Dec. 1907, general agent Missouri Pacific and St. Louis Iron Mountain & Southern Rys. at Chicago ; December, 1907 to Sept. 1, 1912, general freight agent same roads in charge of solicitation, supervision of outside agencies and interchange of traffic with connecting lines; Sept 1, 1912, to date, freight traffic manager same roads. On August 1, 1913, appointed assistant to vice-president, in charge of solicitation and interchange between connecting lines of traffic for the Missouri Pacific, Iron Mountain, Denver & Rio Grande, and Western Pacific.

Gittins, Robert H., Democrat of Niagara Falls, N.Y., was born in Oswego, N.Y., Dec. 14, 1869, the eldest of a family of six, and the son of a Civil War veteran; left school at an early age and for 13 years was employed in commercial life in connection with the lumber, grain and coal trades; in 1897 entered the law department of the University of Michigan, graduating as an LL.B., in 1900, and in that year was admitted to the practice of law in the states of Michigan and New York; since 1901 has been engaged in the practice of law in the city of Niagara Falls, N.Y.; was married in June, 1908, and resides at 548 Fifth St. in said city; in the fall of 1910 was elected to the New York State Senate, in which body he served until January 1, 1913, being a member of the following committees: finance, cities, codes, taxation and retrenchment, affairs of villages, and chairman of the committee on public education; was a delegate from the fortieth New York district to the Democratic national convention held at Baltimore in June, 1912; was elected to the sixty-third congress, receiving 15,935 votes, to 14,471 for James S. Simmons, Republican; 9,890 for Frank C. Ferguson, Progressive; 1,236 for James F. Ryan, Socialist, and 639 for W. Van R. Blighton, Prohibitionist.

Glass, Carter, congressman, was born Jan. 4, 1858, in Lynchburg, Virginia He owns the Daily News and the Daily Advance. In 1899-1903 he was a member of Virginia State Senate and in 1901 was a member of the Virginia constitutional convention. He was a member of the fifty-seventh, fifty-eighth, fifty-ninth, sixtieth, sixty-first, and sixty-second congresses from Virginia as a Democrat. He was re-elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Lynchburg, Virginia

Glen, John Alexander, division superintendent Gulf Colorado & Santa Fe Ry. Office, Beaumont, Tex., born Aug. 22, 1861 at Preston, Ill. Education in the common schools of Marbel Hiss, MO. Entered Railway service 1882, as a brakeman Illinois Central Ry., since which he has been consecutively to 1886, conductor same road; 1886 10 1890, Conductor Kansas City, Ft. Scott & Memphis, Ry. at Thayer, Mo.; June to October, 1890, conductor Savannah, Americus & Montgomery, Americus, Ga.; October 1890 to February, 1904, freight and passenger conductor Gulf, Colorado & Santa Fe Ry. at Cleburne, Tex.; February to June, 1904, assistant trainmaster; June, 1904 to Jan. 1, 1907, trainmaster; Jan. 1, 1907, to date, superintendent Beaumont division same road.

Glennon, James Hope, ex-president Alabama Fire Underwriters' Assn.; born in Mobile County, Alabama, Aug. 24, 1879; married Rella E. Wilds; educated at Towle's Institute, Mobile, Ala., and at Spring Hill College (degree of A.B., 1897); district deputy of Knights of Columbus; and member of the Ancient Order of Hibernians. President of Manassas Club. Address, 51 N. Royal St., Mobile, Ala.

Glessner, John Jacob, manufacturer, was born at Zanesville, 0., in January, 1843, being a son of Jacob and Mary (Laughlin) Glessner. He was educated in the public schools of Zanesville, and broadened his education by some years of work on the local newspapers of his native city. On attaining his majority, however, in 1864, he found his life's vocation by engaging in the manufacture of harvesting machinery, becoming a member of the firm of Warder, Bushnell & Glessner. To the business of that firm he brought organizing abilities which were the leading factor in its success. In 1870 he removed to Chicago and there established the administrative and executive headquarters of the business, retaining the factory at Springfield, 0., and as vice-president of the Warder, Bushnell & Glessner Co. built up a business of very extensive proportions in the Champion machines manufactured by the company. In the subsequent organization of the International Harvester Co. when the business of the Warder, Bushnell & Glessner Co. was combined with the McCormick, Deering and other large harvesting interests, he became vice-president of the company, and was elected to the position of chairman of the executive committee of that great corporation. Mr. Glessner's executive abilities have been exercised not only in behalf of the business corporations with which he has been connected, but also, with much effectiveness, in measures for public benefit. He was president of the Citizens' Association of Chicago during the period when that organization prepared the bill for the establishing of the Sanitary District of Chicago and secured its passage through the legislature of Illinois, and from the initiative efforts in which Mr. Glessner had so important a share has resulted the great Drainage Canal, which is the greatest engineering work ever undertaken by a city for the purposes of sanitation. He is a trustee of the Chicago Orphan Asylum, of Rush Medical College (now the medical department of the University of Chicago), the Chicago Orchestral Association which organized, sustained and has built a home for the Chicago Orchestra (of which the late Theodore Thomas was, until his death, the director), and of the Art Institute of Chicago. Mr. Glessner is a member and former president of the Commercial Club of Chicago, and is also a member of the Chicago, Union League, Quadrangle and Literary Clubs. Mr. Glessner married in December, 1870, Frances, daughter of James R. and Nancy (Bayard) Macbeth. Residence: 1800 Prairie Ave., Chicago. Office address: Michigan Ave. and Harrison St., Chicago, Ill.

Glynn, Martin H., governor of N.Y.; Albany, N.Y., was born at Kinderhook, Columbia County, N.Y., Sept. 17, 1871; educated at public schools, Fordham Univ., A.B. (honor man), 1894; studied law and admitted to bar; has received degree of LL.D. from Syracuse Univ., Union Univ., Fordham Univ. and Georgetown Univ. Married Jan. 2, 1900, Mary C. E. Magrane, daughter P. B. Magrane, of Lynn, Mass. Entered journalism; editor and publisher of the Albany Times-Union. Democrat. Elected 1898 to Fifty-sixth congress, serving 1899-1901; appointed by Pres. McKinley, 1901, mem. Nat. Comm'n of the La Purchase Expo.; elected vice-president of the commission; elected, 1906, Comptroller of the State of N.Y. for term 1907-09; renominated in 1908, but defeated with ticket. Elected lieut-gov. State of N.Y., Nov. 4, 1912; became gov. of N.Y. State Oct 17, 1913. Mem. Albany County Bar Assn, N.Y. State Bar Assn, Am. Bar Assn. Clubs: University, Albany, Fort Orange, Albany Country.

Goadby, Clarence, banker; born New York City, Dec. 14, 1857; son of Thomas and Amelia A. Goadby; educated Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass. Member of New York Produce Exchange; Independent; Baptist, Member Chamber of Commerce. Club: Saint Nicholas. Residence: 21 West 35th St.

Goddard, Henry Herbert, of Vineland, N.J. Vassalboro, Me., Aug. 14, '66. A.B., Haverford, '87, A.M., '89; Ph.D., Clark, '99. Prof. psychol. and pedag., State Nor. Sch., West Chester, Pa., '99-'06; director, dept. psychol. research, Training Sch. at Vineland, N.J., for Feeble-Minded Boys and Girls, '06-. Acting prof. psychol., Haverford, '00-'01; asst. and lecturer, Clark Summer Sch., '97, '98, '03; lecturer psychol. mental defectives, N.Y. Univ., '08-. A.A.A.S.; Psychol. Ass.; Ass. Study Feeble-Minded; Health League; Sch. Hygiene Ass.; Soc. Beige de Pedotech, O.B.K.L.Y. The psychology of faith cures. The height and weight of feebleminded children in American institutions; The Kallikuk Family (Macmillan, 1912); Feeble mindedness: Its Causes and Consequences (Macmillan, 1914); psychology of the subnormal child.

Goddard, John, clergyman and author of Newtonville, Mass., was born Oct. 9, 1839, in North Bridgewater, Mass. He has filled pastorates in the Swedenborg church; in 1865-91 was pastor of the New Jerusalem church of Cincinnati, Ohio; and since 1901 pastor at Newtonville, Mass. He is the author of Swedenborg's Alleged Hallucinations; The Brahmo-Somaj and the New Church; What is Spiritual Living; and Right and Wrong Unveilings of the Spiritual World.

Godwin, Hannibal Lafayette, congressman, was born Nov. 3, 1873, in Harnett County, N.C. He has been mayor of Dunn, N.C.; a member of the North Carolina State Senate and presidential elector. He was elected to the sixtieth, sixty-first and sixty-second congresses; and was re-elected to the sixty-third congress from the sixth district of North Carolina for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Dunn, N.C.

Goeke J. Henry, congressman, was born Oct. 28, 1869, near Minster, Ohio. Since 1891 he has practiced law; and served six years as prosecuting attorney of his county. He was elected to the sixty-second and sixty-third congresses as a Democrat; and resides in Wapakoneta, Ohio.

Goff, Nathan, United States senator from West Virginia, was born Feb. 9, 1842, in Clarksburg, W.Virginia He entered the Union Army, and served throughout the war, rising to the rank of brevet brigadier-general. He was elected a representative in the State Legislature in 1867-68; and was United States district attorney in 1869-81. In 1881 he became secretary of the navy. He was a member from West Virginia to the forty-eighth, forty ninth and fiftieth congresses. In 1888-89 he was governor o: West Virginia. In 1892-1913 was judge of the fourth judicia circuit court of the United States. He was elected a member of the United States Senate for the term of 1913-19; and resides in Clarksburg, W.Virginia

Going, Charles Buxton, editor; born Westchester, N.Y., April: 5, 1863; son Charles Henry and Eliza (Buxton) Going; educated public schools, N.Y.; graduated grammar school 35, M. W. Lyon and M. R. Hooper private schools, Yonkers high school, Columbia University, Ph.B., 1882; M.S. (hon.), 1910; married Glendale, Ohio, 1887, Mary Evelyn Thompson (deceased); married second. Hartford, Conn., Dec. 18, 1912, Marie Overton Corbin. Engaged in professional practice, 1882-87; director and. manager various manufacturing companies, 1887-96; trustee, secretary and treasurer Glendale (Ohio) Water Works, 1892-96; associate editor, 1896-98, managing editor, 1898-1912, editor and vice-president since 1912, of The Engineering Magazine, N.Y., and London. Author: Summer Fallow (poems), 1892; Star Glow and Song (poems), 1909; Methods of the Santa Fe (Engineering Magazine), 1909; Principles of Industrial Engineering (McGraw Hill Book Co.), 1911; also, with Marie 0. Corbin, Urchins of the Sea, 1900; Urchins at the Pole, 1901; contributor to literary and technical periodicals. Member American Society of Mechanical Engineers, corr. member Canadian Mining Institute, member American Academy Political and Social Science. Trustee Home for Old Men and Aged Couples. Clubs: Salmagundi, Columbia University. Address: 140 Nassau St., N.Y. City.

Goldfogle, Henry M., congressman, was born in New York City. In 1887-1900 he was justice of the Fifth District Court of New York. He was a member of the fifty-seventh, fifty-eighth, fifty-ninth, sixtieth, sixty-first and sixty-second congresses from New York as a Democrat. He was reelected to the sixty-third congress from the ninth district of New York for the term of 1913-15; and resides in New York City.

Goldsborough, C. S., assistant to president Erie Rd. Office New York, N.Y. Born Nov. 28, 1863, in Talbot County, Md. Left Baltimore City College at the age of 16 years. Entered railway service 1889, since which he has been consecutively to 1891, clerk in office of general roadmaster New York, Lake Erie & Western Rd., now the Erie Rd.; 1891 to Jan. 8, 1900, chief clerk to general superintendent same road; Jan. 8, 1900, to May 15, 1901, superintendent Rochester division Erie Rd. at Rochester, N.Y.; May 15, 1901, to Aug. 1, 1902, superintendent Allegheny division same road at Hornellsville, N.Y.; Aug. 1, 1902, to Feb., 1903, superintendent New York, Susquehanna & Western and Wilkesbarre & Eastern Rds.; Feb., 1903, to July 1, 1912, president's assistant Erie Rd., and president Bath & Hammondsport Rd. Appointed assistant to the president, Erie Rd., July 1, 1912; also manager Erie Rd. Lake Line, July 15, same year.

Goodhart, Simon Philip, physician, of 34 W. 87th St., New York City, was born, New Haven, Conn., Jan. 8, 1870; s. Philip and Clara (Phillips) Goodhart; grad. Yale, Ph.B., 1891, M.D., 1894; awarded Campbell gold medal at Yale for highest standing in class; m. Macon, Ga., Oct. 4, 1898, Hattie Wolff; one son, Edward, b. 1899. Took post-graduate medical studies abroad two years at Heidelberg, Vienna and Berlin; engaged in practice of medicine in N.Y. City; specialist in mental and nervous diseases. U.S. pension surgeon ten years, appt'd by Pres. McKinley; physician to several institutions for nervous diseases. Author, with Dr. Sidis: Multiple Personality (Appleton). At Yale elected mem. Delta Epsilon Iota fraternity. Fellow N. Y. Acad. Medicine; mein. various med. socs.

Goodhue, Edward Solon, physician and author of Holualoa, Hawaii , ILL, was born Sept. 29, 1861, in Province of Quebec. He has received the degrees of A.B. and A.M. In 1892-95 he practiced medicine in Riverside, Cal.; and in 1895 was appointed government physician to Hawaii . In 1909 he was a delegate to the international congress on inebriety held in London and the same year was a delegate to the international congress on leprosy held in Norway. Since 1909 he has been proprietor of the Kona hospital. He is the author of Verses From the Valley; Beneath Hawaii an Palms and Stars; Songs of the Western Sea; and other works.

Goodnow, Charles M., general manager, Loyal Protective Assn., Boston, Mass.; b. in Northampton, Mass., April 28, 1867. He was connected with the Bay State Beneficiary Assn. of Westfield, Mass., 1887-1893, during the latter part of which period he was treasurer. He then organized the Merchants and Manufacturers' Life Assn., of Westfield, and was connected with that association until 1901, when he became manager of the Loyal Protective Assn. Address: Colonial Bldg., Boston, Mass.

Goodrich, Wallace, musician; born in Newton, Mass., May 27, 1871; son of John B. and Anna L. (Woodward) Goodrich. After graduating from the Newton High School in 1888, he attended the Royal Academy of Music in Munich, 1894-1895; and continued his studies in Paris and Leipzig, 1895-97. From 1902 to 1907 he was conductor of choral works of the Worcester County (Massachusetts) Musical Association, and was also the founder and conductor of the Choral Art Society of Boston. In 1907 he founded and conducted the Jordon Hall Orchestral Concerts in Boston, and became conductor of the Cecilia Society. He has been organist of Trinity Church, Boston, since 1902 and organist at the concerts of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, and since 1897 has been a member of the faculty of the New England Conservatory of Music, of which he is now the dean. Upon the organization of the Boston Opera Company in 1908 he became one of its conductors. He is a member of the St. Botolph and Tavern Clubs of Boston. Mr., Goodrich married at Manchester, Mass., April 20, 1904, Madeline Boardman. Address: 145 Beacon St., Boston.

Goodwin, Forrest, United States congressman from the third district of Maine, was born June 14, 1862, in Skowhegan, Maine. He has been a member of the Maine State Senate. He was elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15, and resides in Skowhegan, Maine.

Goodwin, Henry Timrod, physician and surgeon; born, Charleston, S.C.; son of George Munro and Emily (Timrod) Goodwin; nephew of late Henry Timrod, the poet of South Carolina; father descended from old English family of Bury St. Edmonds; paternal grandmother was Miss Munro, of Scottish birth; great-grandfather, Henry Timrod, was president German Friendly Society of Charleston, S.C., organized 1766, and was a member German Fusilliers, a patriotic organization, and in May, 1775, when the thrilling news of Lexington and Concord was 'received, was first man to sign the document pledging to take up arms against Great Britain, though in doing so lie realized that in such a gathering, condemnation to death might be the result; educated in private schools and Long Island College Hospital, Brooklyn, N.Y., M.D.; married, first, Baltimore, Md., Laura Wineow (who died); 2d, Brooklyn, N.Y., Anna Moody (also now deceased); children i Hugh M., George Munro. For about ten years was medical officer in United States Marine Hospital Service; now surgeon to St. Vincent's Hospital, Richmond Borough, New York City; examiner for New York Life Insurance Company. Passed assistant surgeon to United States Marine Service up to 1906, when resigned while in command of Marine Hospital, Louisville, Ky., to take up private practice on Staten Island, where had been stationed at Marine Hospital previous to going to Louisville. Democrat. Episcopalian. Member Richmond County Medical Society, Fellow Medical Association of Greater New York, State Medical Society and American Medical Association.

Goodwin, William Shields, congressman, was born in Warren, Ark., May 2, 1866. in 1895 he was a member of Arkansas General Assembly; in 1900 was democratic presidential elector; in 1905 and 1907 was state senator; since 1907 has been a member of the board of trustees of the University of Arkansas; was elected to the sixty-second and sixty-third congresses.

Goodykoontz, Wells, lawyer, banker; born, Pulaski County, Virginia, June 3, 1872; son of William M. and Lucy (Woolwine) Goodykontz; educated in Oxford Academy, Washington and Lee University; married, Williamson, Dec. 22, 1898, Irene Hooper. Engaged in practice of law; in law firm of Sheppard, Goodykoontz & Scherr, of which is still member, specialty being coal practice, representing over fifty coal and coke companies operating in Thacker and Pocahontas fields. President National Bank of Commerce of Williamson, W.Virginia; director Valley Investment Co., Kimberling Land Co., Ridgeway Land Co., Mingo Oil & Gas Co.; president of Williamson Light & Ice Co. Republican. Presbyterian. Member State Bar Association; American Bar Association; trustee Williamson Presbyterian Academy. Mason and Shriner. Recreation: Shooting. Club: Guyandotte and Huntington Country (Huntington, W.Virginia). Address: Reservation Hill, Williamson, W.Virginia

Gordon, Joseph A., born Nov. 10, 1865, at Cincinnati, 0. Graduated from St. Xavier College, Cincinnati, 1884. Entered railway service 1884, since which he has been consecutively to 1887, telegraph operator and clerk local freight office Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Ry. at Cincinnati; 1888, traveling in Europe; 1889 to 1890, clerk auditing department and station agent Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Ry.; 1890 to Nov., 1893, chief clerk to superintendent Cincinnati division; Nov., 1893, to March, 1896, trainmaster same division; March, 1896, to May, 1902, superintendent Wellston division ; May, 1902, to Nov. 1, 1904, superintendent Southern division same road; Nov., 1904, to Sept. 1.5, 1909, general superintendent same road at Cincinnati, 0.; March 1, 1910, to Dec., 1912, division superintendent Chicago Great Western Rd.; Dec.; 1912, to March 15, 1914, general superintendent Pere Marquette Rd.; March 16 to date, general manager Chicago Great Western Rd., Chicago.

Gordon, William, United States congressman from the twentieth district of Ohio, was born Dec. 16, 1852, near Oak Harbor, Ohio. He has been prosecuting attorney of his county. He was elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15, and resides in Cleveland, Ohio.

Gore, Thomas Pryor, United States senator from Oklahoma, was born Dec. 10, 1870, in Webster County, Miss. He graduated from the normal school at Walthall, Miss., and received the degree of B.L. from Cumberland University. During 1890-91 he taught school, and in 1892 was admitted to the practice of law. In 1892 he began the practice of law in Mississippi, and in 1895 moved to Texas. In 1896 he was a delegate to the national populist convention at St. Louis, Mo. In 1901 he moved to Oklahoma, and in 1902-05 was a member of the territorial council. In 1907 he was elected a member of the United States senate and drew the short term ending in 1909. He was re-elected for the term ending in 1915, and resides in Lawton.

Gorman, George E., United States congressman from the third district of Illinois, was born April 13, 1873. He has been assistant city attorney of Chicago. He was elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15, and resides in Chicago, Ill.

Gorson, Aaron Harry, artist, of Pittsburgh, Pa., was born July 2, 1872. in Russia. He has attained success as an artist, and is now instructor in the Stevenson Art School.

Goss, William Freeman Myrick, educator and engineer, of Urbana, Ill., was born Oct. 7, 1859, in Barnstable, Mass. He received his certificate from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; received the honorary degree of M.S. from Wabash University and D.Eng. from the University of Illinois. He has bee. professor, director and dean in the University of Illinois sine 1907, and since 1909 also director of the engineering experiment station. He is chief engineer of the Chicago Association o 'Commerce.

Gothlin, Oliver Perry, chairman Public Service Commission of Ohio. Office and residence, Columbus, 0. Born June 19, 1853 at Cincinnati, 0. Taught country school in Montgomery County Ohio, 1874-1875; was a reporter on the Daily Journal, Dayton 0., 1876-1880; stenographer for Chicago & North Western Ry; at Chicago 1883-1886; traveling freight agent same road any commercial agent Wisconsin Central Lines at Pittsburgh, Pa 1886-1889; general agent same company and Northern Pacific Ry at Cincinnati, 0., 1889-1893; general agent Wisconsin Central Lines at Cincinnati, 1893-1898; commercial traffic manager National Cash Register Co., Dayton, 0., 1898-1906. Was appointee member Railroad Commission of Ohio in 1906; in 1911 name o commission was changed to Public Service Commission. Elected president National Association Railway Commissioners November 20, 1912

Gottheil, Richard James Horatio, educator, Columbia University, New York City, was born, Manchester, Eng., Oct. 13 1862, son of Gustave and Rosalie (Wollmann) Gottheil ; educated in Chorlton High Sch., E. Adams Sch. Manchester ; Columbia Grammar Sch.' N.Y.; Columbia Coll., A.B., 1881; Univs. of Ber lin, Tubingen,, Leipzig (Ph.D., Leipzig, summa cum laude, 1886) married, Paris, Sept. 16, 1891, Emma R. Leon. Spent winter o: 1904-1905, Cairo, Egypt; winter of 1909-1910, Palestine, as dir of Am. Sch. of Archaeology at Jerusalem, traveled through libra ries and Archives of Spain and Portugal for historical studies 1898; now prof. Semitic languages, Columbia Univ. Hebrew Mein. Council of. Am. Oriental Soc.; mem. German Oriental Soc. Grand Nasi of Zeta Beta Tau fraternity; v.-p. Jewish Hist. Soc of America. Chm'n of Corn. on Ed'n of Edn'l Alliance, N.Y. chm'n Palestinian Com. of Nat. Conf. of Jewish Charities. Clubs English Universities and Schools, Early Eighties (Columbia Coll.).

Gould, George Milbry, physician, of 215 Atlantic Ave., Atlantic City, N.J., was born, Auburn, Me., Nov. 8, 1848; son of George Thomas and Eliza Ann (Lapham) Gould ; enlisted 1861 as drummer-boy in Union Army in 63d Ohio Vols. (discharged, 1862) ; enlisted, 1864, in 141st Ohio Vols. (discharged, 1865) ; grad. Ohio Wesleyan Univ., A.B., 1873; A.M., 1892; Harvard Divinity Sch., 1873; Jefferson Med. Coll., Philadelphia, M.D., 1888; married, Pomeroy, 0., 1876, Harriet F. Cartwright. Engaged in practice in Philadelphia as specialist in ophthalmology, since 1888; ophthalmologist. of Philadelphia Almshouse, 1892-1894; pres. Am. Acad. of Medicine, 1895; speaker of Congress of Arts and Sciences, La. Purchase Expo., 1904. Editor: Medical News, 18911895; Philadelphia Medical Journal, 1898-1900; American Medicine, 1901.-1906. Author : A Compend of Diseases of the Eye (in collaboration), 1886-1888; The Student's Medical Dictionary, 1890, eleventh edition, 1900; A New Medical Dictionary, 10 editions, 1891-1900; Pocket Medical Dictionary, 1892-1913; The Meaning and Method of Life, 1893; Illustrated Dictionary of Medicine, Biology and Allied Sciences, 1894-1904, with supplement, 1905; A Dictionary of New Medical Terms, 1894; American Year Book of Medicine' and Surgery, 1896-1903; Borderland Studies, 2 vols., 1896-1905; Diseases of the Eye (in collaboration), 1897; An Autumn Singer (poems), 1897 ; Suggestions to Medical Writers, 1900; Encyclopedia of Practical Medicine and Surgery, 1900-1913; Pocket Encyclopedia Medicine and Surgery, 1900- 1913 ; Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine (in collaboration), 1901; Biographic Clinics, 6 vols., 1903-1909; History of Jefferson College, 2 vols., 1904; The Practitioner's Medical Dictionary, 1906-1912; Concerning Lafcadio Hearn, 1908; Righthandedness and Lefthandedness, etc., 1908; The Infinite Presence, 1910 ; Life and Letters of Edmund Clarence Stedman (in collaboration with Laura Stedman), 2 vols., 1910, also Genius and Other Essays, by E. C. Stedman, 1911. Personal Biography, etc., 1910. Fellow Coll. Physicians, Philadelphia ; mem. Am. Ophthalmological Soc., Am. Med. Assn., Am. Acad. Med., Phi Beta Kappa. Removed to Ithaca, N.Y., 1908.

Golden, Joseph A., United States congressman from the twenty-third district of New York, was born in Pennsylvania. He served in the fifty-eighth, fifty-ninth, sixtieth and sixty-first congresses; retired for one term, and was again elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15, and resides in Fordham, N.Y.

Gottlieb, Maurice Arthur, artist and collector of relics and antiquities, 126 W. 112th St., New York City, was born, Vienna, Austria, May 15, 1856; son Adolf and Caroline (von Sonnenberg) Gottlieb ; distant relative of Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, the fighting gen. and president of Mexico ; educated St. John's Catholic College under direction of Pater Canonicus and received degree of A.M.; married Cecilia Miller. Connected with Puck as manager of Art Dep't for nearly thirty years; retired on account of ill health. Author of the History of the Rite of Memphis, and other works. Past master of Odd Fellows ; active member of Masonic fraternity : York Rite, the Swedenboro Rite, 33d degree Scottish Rite, 96th degree and Egyptian Rite, chapter, Cryptic Rite, Knight Templar, Noble of the Mystic Shrine, Veiled Prophet, Sheik of Kieba, Rose Croix and all degrees of the order ; hon. mem. to Spain, Portugal, Italy and Egypt; decorated with five-pointed bronze star, order of merit, by the Khedive. Mem. Micros. Soc., Geographical Soc.; treas. Medico-Legal Laboratory ; life mem. Soc. of Science, Letters and Art, London, England, and vice-pres. Am. Branch. Q.-m.-gen., with rank of brig.-gen., of Nat. Vol. Emergency Service Med. Corps, U.S.A., which he, in connection with his brother, founded in 1900. Mem. 1st Battery N.G.N.Y. Club : N.Y. Press.

Gould, Frank Horace, lawyer; born, Fayette Co., Ia., Aug. 29, 1856; son Albert Langdon and Jane Augusta (Holbrook) Gould. Educated public schools, Santa Clara County, Cal.; Yinsonhalers College, San Jose; State Normal School, San Jose; B.L., Alabama State University of Law, 1887. Married Hester A. Farnsworth, Jan. 16, 1879; second, Nettie Eaton, 1898. Crossed plains to California, 1862. Member of Legislature from Merced County, 1891-95. Speaker of Assembly of California, and ex-officio regent of State University, 1893-95. Building and loan commissioner, 1897-1901. Director State Hospital, Agnews, 1894-1900. Chairman Democratic State Convention, 1896, 1904. Chairman Democratic State Central Committee, 1894 to 1896. Clubs: Olympic, Union League, Commonwealth. Democrat. Residence: 1329 12th Ave.; office: Merchants National Bank Bldg., San Francisco, Cal.

Govin, Rafael R., capitalist, of 90 West St., New York City, was born, Matanzas, Cuba; son of Rafael and Rosa (de Tejada) Govin; attended Columbia Coll.; married May S. Medina. Pres. Interocean Oil Co. and dir. subsidiary companies, Interborough Ferry Co.; dir. Interborough Met. Street R.R. Co. Independent. Received decorations from South Am. govts. Mem. Assn. Bar City of N.Y. Clubs: Union, Metropolitan, N.Y. Yacht, Down Town, Midday, Lotus.

Gow, James Ellis, Coe College, Cedar Rapids, Ia. Botany, geology. Born Fontanelle, Ia., Feb. 22, 1877. Ph.B., Iowa, 1901, M.S., 1906, Ph.D., 1912. Assistant forest expert, U.S. Bureau Forestry, 1901-04; head department botany, Blair Academy, Blairstown, NJ., 1904-08; professor botany, Coe, 1908. Instructor botany, Iowa, summers 1901-8. Forestry Association; fellow Iowa Academy; assistant to Iowa Geological Survey, 1911-13. National Geographic Society, Esperanto Association of North America, U.S. Esperanto Association. President Iowa Esperanto Association, 1908-10; Iowa horticultural Society. Botany of Adair County, Ia.; morphology of the aroids.—Embryology of Calla, Acorns and other aroids; geology of Adair County, Ia.; geology of Cass County, Ia.

Grace, William Charles, senator from the sixth senatorial district, comprising the counties of Kalamazoo and St. Joseph, Wis. born in Jackson County, Mich., June 15, 1881, and is of Irish and German descent. He removed with his parents to Lucas County, Ohio, when he was five years of age, the family afterwards returning to Michigan and locating at Clinton, Lenawee County. 1904 he entered the law department of the University of Michigan, from which he graduated in 1907, and began the practice of law at Kalamazoo. Mr. Grace is a Democrat, but has never actively engaged in politics. He was elected to the senate Nov. 5, 1912, by a vote of 6,092 to 5,146 for Will A. Cavin, 488 for Don C. Cook, 1,855 for Guy H. Lockwood and 5,182 for Willis J. Burdick. He was formerly a woolen worker in the wool sorting and weaving departments in several mills in the Middle West.

Graebner, W. H., business man and state official, of 1080 National Ave., Milwaukee, Wis was born April 2, 1854, in Detroit, Mich.. In 1898-1902 he served as alderman for the City of Milwaukee, and in 1902-08 he was city treasurer. He is engaged in general insurance, real estate and loans, and is prominently identified with business and public affairs. In 1891-95 he was a member of the State Board of Control of the Wisconsin Charitable, Reformatory and Penal Institutions, and is again serving as a member of that board.

Graham, James H., congressman, was born April 14, 1852, in Ireland, came to Sangamon County, Ill., in 1868. He was elected to the office of state's attorney of Sangamon County in 1892, serving four years; since then Mr. Graham has given his entire time to the practice of law; was elected to the sixty-first and sixty-second congresses from Illinois as a Democrat, and was reelected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15, and resides in Springfield, Ill.

Graham, John Martin, banker; educated in public schools of Mass., graduating with honors; married, 1873. Studied law, 18611863; cashier State Bank, 1'863-1865; cashier National Bank in Mass., 1865-1882; president International Trust Co., 1882 to Feb. 14, 1914; now director. Unitarian. Residence: 37 Commonwealth Ave. Office: 45 Milk St., Boston.

Grant, John William, capitalist; born, West Point, Ga., July 26, 1867; son of William D. and Sarah Frances (Reid) Grant; graduated from Univ. of Georgia, B.C.S.; married, Atlanta, Ga., April 11, 1893, Annie Martin Inman; children: Margaret, William D., John W., Jr., Annie. Worked in a bank two years after leaving college, then assisted father in management of large real estate interest in Atlanta, and after his death continued to manage and to develop and enlarge the properties. Vice-president and director Third National Bank, Georgia Savings Bank; treasurer Kimball House Co., Grant Construction Co.; director Trust Co. of Georgia, Southern Mutual Insurance Co. One of executors of Hugh T. Inman estate, one of largest in the south. Councilman, alderman and chairman of finance committee of City Council at Atlanta. Democrat; Presbyterian. Served as member Board of Education, city of Atlanta; member Chi Phi college fraternity, Society of the Cincinnati, Sons of Revolution. Recreations: Motoring, traveling, riding and golf. Clubs: Capital City (president), Piedmont Driving, Atlanta Athletic. Residence: 423 Peachtree St. Office: Grant Bldg., Atlanta. Director Southern Ry.

Gray, Finly H., congressman, was born July 24, 1864, in Fayette County, Ind. He was elected to the sixty-second and sixty-third congresses.

Gray, George M., merchant, 54 Worth St., New York City; residence: 152 Madison Ave., N.Y. Born in New York City. Educated at Columbia. Member Calumet and University clubs and Columbia University Alumni Association.

Gray, Thomas Tarvin, Tide Water Oil Co., Bayonne, N.J. Chemistry. Born in Franklin, Pa., Aug. 29, 1881. Columbia, 1907-08; chemist, various companies, 1899-1903; chief chemist, Tide Water Oil Co., 1903; F.A.A.; Chemical Society (one time asst. editor "Abstracts"; member of committee on industrial terms; member of committee on petroleum and its products);member of committee on fuels and asphalts, Eighth International Congress of Applied Chemistry; Society for Testing Materials (member of committee on lubrication and lubricants; member of petroleum products committee); member Chemist Club, International Association for Testing Materials, Royal Society of Arts. Viscosity of Oil Mixtures, Comparison of Viscosmeters, Petroleum and Its Products, Gasoline, Paraffin Oils, Spindle and Cylinder Oils, The Manufacture of Petroleum Products.

Green, Adolphus Williamson, pres. Nat. Biscuit Co., 409 W. 15th St., New York City, was born, Boston, Jan. 14, 1843; s. John H. and Jane (Ryan) Green; grad. Boston Latin Sch., 1859, Harvard Coll., 1863; m. Chicago, July 3, 1879, Esther Walsh. Prin. Groton High Sch., Mass., 1863-1864; 2nd ass't librarian, 18641867; librarian, Mercantile Library Ass'n, 1867-1869; in law office Evants, Southmeyd & Choate, 1869-1873, when admitted to bar; att'y for village of Hyde Park, Chicago, 1882-1884; later att'y for South Park comm'rs. Mem. firm Goudy & Green, 18841.893; later Green, Willits & Robbins, and Green, Peters & Babst. One of organizers Nat. Biscuit Co., and mem. Exec. Com., later chm'n B 'd of Dirs., until 1905; pres. since 1905. Delegate-at-large to Nat. Democratic Conv., 1892. Democrat.

Green, Charles Ernest, banker of San Francisco, Cal.; born Detroit, Mich., Oct. 31, 1855, son of John W. and Helen D. Green; educated Columbian Coll. (now George Washington University), Washington, D.C., Adrian College, Michigan; married, San Francisco, 1882; Mary E. Eldridge; three sons. Vice-president and director Crocker National Bank, Santa. Cruz Portland Cement Co., Standard Portland Cement Co.; director Mercantile Trust Co., San Mateo Bank, San Francisco Hotel Co., Pacific Improve- ment Co. Republican; Episcopalian. Treasurer Old People's Home, York and Scottish Rites Mason, including 33 degrees honorary. Clubs: Pacific Union, Bohemian, San Francisco Golf and Country, Burlingame Country, Olympic.

Green, Edward Howland Robinson, railroad president and capitalist of New York City, was born Aug. 22, 1868, in London, England; and is the son of Mrs. Hetty Green, the richest woman in America. He graduated from Fordham College of New York, and subsequently he studied law in Chicago, Ill. After admission to the bar he entered the railway service and served consecutively as clerk, foreman, superintendent and general manager; and is today the youngest railroad president in the world, being president of the Texas Midland Railroad, residing at Terrell. He is a director and stockholder in numerous-banks, and personally looks after his mother's vast real estate interests in the west and southwest. He is serving his second term as chairman of the Republican Party of Texas; in 1900 was delegate at large to the Republican National Convention; and has been tendered the nomination for governor on various occasions. He organized and is president of the famous Tarpon Club.

Green, Frederic B., physician and surgeon, of. Elmira, N.Y., was born, North Chemung, N.Y., March 12, 1865; s. Daniel B. and Sarah (Breckhorn) Green; ed. in dis. school in country, Starkey Sem., Starkey, N.Y., and Univ. of Buffalo, N.Y., M.D., 1894; m. Elmira, N.Y., Sept. 5, 1893, Sara E. Grandall; children: Roswell Park Green, b. April 4, 1895, Frederick B., b. Dec. 22, 1898. Has been in practice in Elmira, N.Y., since graduation. City physician and surgeon to Police and Fire Dep 'ts for two years. Democrat; Congregationalist. Mem. Chemung County Med. Soc., N.Y. State Med. Soc., Am. Med. Ass'n; Past High Physician of High Court of N.Y., Ind. Order of Foresters. Mem. Masonic, Odd Fellows, Red Men, Maccabees, Modern Woodmen; Chemung Co., Forest, Fish and Game Protective Ass'n, etc. Recreations: Hunting, fishing, and staying during warm weather at cottage at Arcadia on the Chemung.

Green, Henry Woodhull, lawyer, banker; born Trenton, N.J., 1867; son of Charles Ewing and Mary Livingston (Potter) Green; graduated from Princeton College, A.B., 1891, A.M., 1894, New York Law School, LL.B., 1894, married, New York, Jan. 14, 1895, Helen Wood Watts; children: Helen Wood, Henry Woodhull, Jr. Vice-president Trenton Banking Co., since 1909; secretary and treasurer United New Jersey Railroad and Canal Co., since 1906; vice-president Princeton Water Co., since 1910. Member Grounds and Buildings and Finance Committee, and chairman of Library and Apparatus Committee of Princeton University. Republican; Presbyterian. Elected 1898, life trustee of Princeton University; trustee Mercer Hospital, Young Men's Christian Association; president and treasurer Lawrenceville School, since 1898; member Sons of American Revolution, New Jersey Historical Society. Recreations: Golf, motoring. Clubs: University, Princeton (New York); Princeton (Philadelphia); Trenton Country, Lotos (Trenton). Residence: 155 W. State St. Office: 5 W. State St., Trenton.

Green, Lemuel Bartine, editor; born Belmar, N.J., Jan. 26, 1856, son of Samuel M. and Deborah A. (Newman) Green; educated in public schools of Hempstead, L.I., Centerport, LI, and Northport, L.I.; married, Centerport, L.I., Nov. 24, 1880, Minnie E. Bunce; children: Arthur P., born 1883; Alden W., born 1892. Editor the Argus, Patchogue, L.I. Has traveled over nearly every state in the United States, also through Canada. Pres. Suffolk County Press Assn.; Suffolk County Board of Trade; Patchogue Board of Trade. Sec. Southside Lodge, F. and A. M., for sixteen years; sec. Suwassett Chapter, R.A.M., for fifteen years; recorder Patchogue Commandery, K.T., for ten years; treas. Patchogue Engine Hose Co.; treas. Association of Exempt Firemen of Patchogue. Mem. Kismet Temple, Mystic Shrine, Brooklyn, N.Y.; mem. Brookhaven Lodge, I.O.O.F., Court Advance, F. of A., Queen Village Encampment, I.O.O.F., Rebekah Lodge No. 404, I.O.O.F., N.Y. Press Assn. Club: South Bay Yacht. Justice of the peace of town of Brookhaven, Suffolk County, N.Y. Address: Patchogue, L.I., N.Y.

Green, Sara Elizabeth, physician and surgeon, of Elmira, N.Y., was born, New Albany, Pa., April 29, 1868; d. Henry Mead and Eliza Dorcas (Hall) Crandall; ed. common .schools of Pa., Academic Course in New York; grad. Med. Dep't Univ of Buffalo, M.D., 1906; m. Elmira, N.Y., Sept. 5, 1893, Frederic B. Green;children: Roswell Park, b. April 4, 1895, Frederic B., Jr., b. Dec. 22, 1898. Has practiced medicine since graduation. Before marriage taught sch. in Southern States. Has traveled through several Southern States. Congregationalist. Mem. Chemung Co. Med. Soc., Med. Soc. State of N.Y., Woman's Med. Soc., State of N.Y.; Eastern Star, Court of Amaranth (Ind. Order Foresters), I.O.F. Recreations: Boating and fishing, spends summer months at the cottage.

Green, Warren L., engraver, printer, of 70 Broad St., New York City, was born, N.Y. City, May 19, 1866; s. Francis George and Antoinette Luqueer (Macdonough) Green; ed. Wilson & Kellogg Sch.; m. Paris, France, Feb. 4, 1891, Jeanne Marguerite Thierry; one d., Marguerite Macdonough, b. 1896. Entered service of Am. Bank Note Co. as apprentice in 1882; mg 'r Canadian branch, 1896; 2d v.-p., 1901; 1st v.-p., 1903; pres. since 1906; dir. Am. Bld'g Co., Westchester Av. Bank. Clubs: Metropolitan, Lotos, Whitehall Lunch (N.Y. City), Greenwich Country, Indian Harbor Yacht, Clove Valley Rod and Gun. Rideau (Ottawa), Garrison (Quebec), Triton Fish and Game, Metropolitan, also Midday Club, (N.Y. City).

Green, William R., congressman, was born in Colchester, Conn. In 1894 he was elected district judge and served five terms. He was elected to the sixty-second and sixty-third congresses as a Republican, and resides in Audubon, Ia.

Greene, Arthur Maurice, Jr., Sunnyslope, Spring Ave., Troy, N.Y. Mechanical engineering. Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 4, '72. B.S., Pennsylvania, '93, M.E., '94. Instr., Drexel Inst., '94-'95; mech. eng., Pennsylvania, '95-'02; prof., Missouri, '02-'07; Rensselaer, '07-. Asst. engineer, Phila. Traction Co., '93, '97, '98, '04; mech. engineer and chairman of group jury, Nat., Export Expos., '99; junior dean, sch. eng., Missouri, '06-'07. Ex-President Society of Engineers of Eastern New York. F.A.A.; manager A.S.M.E.; Eng. Educ.; Franklin Inst. Heating and ventilating systems. Effect of piston rod on the initial condensation in an engine; effect of cylinder ratios in compound engines; piston leakage; pumping machinery. Author: Treatise on Pumping Machinery, Treatise of Heating and Ventilation, Treatise on Applied Thernudynamics; joint author: Treatise Elements of Steam Engineering. In preparation: Elements of Refrigeration.

Greene, Edward Lee, educator and author of many works of systematic botany and botanical history of Washington, D.C., was born Aug. 20, 1843, in Hopkinton, R.I. An intense passion for study of plant life manifested- itself in earliest years; and only a new impulse was given to it by the removal of the family from R.I. to the prairie regions of Illinois, when the future botanist was in his twelfth year. In 1866 he received the Ph.B. degree at Albion College, Wisconsin, and at once entered into the occupation of teacher, and each year, for botany's sake, in a new field. As early as 1870 he had reached the Rocky Mountains in Colorado Territory, and while all spare time was given to botanical research in that very new field, he was prevailed on by friends to receive ordination to the Episcopal ministry. During the years between 1872 and 1885 he was engaged professionally in missionary work at stations in Colorado, Wyoming, California, Arizona and New Mexico, all the while in correspondence with eminent botanists, adding much to the knowledge of the native vegetation of all those stretches of new territory. In 1885 he was asked to take charge of the department of botany in the University of California. This chair he occupied until 1895, Then accepted the like situation in the Catholic University at Washington, D.C. The degree of LL.D. had been conferred by the University of Notre Dame in 1894. In 1904 he was made Honorary Associate in Botany under the auspices of the Smithsonian Institution. While at the California University he established the botanical journal "Erythea" and published his "Flora Franciscana," and also a "Manual of the Botany of the Region of San Francisco Bay." Other and very extensive contributions of new botanical knowledge are in five volumes entitled "Pittonia," and two volumes of "Leaflets of Botanical Observation." A more recent undertaking is a general history of his favorite science under the title of "Landmarks of Botanical History," of which the first volume is published, the second soon to appear.

Greene, Frank Lester, United States congressman from the first district of Vermont, was born Feb. 10, 1870, in St. Albans, Vt. In 1899 he became editor of the St. Albans Daily Messenger. He was elected to the sixty-second congress to fill a vacancy; was re-elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15; and resides in St. Albans, Vt.

Greene, Nelson H., banker; born Tallula, Ill., March 16, 1873; son of Scott and Sarah Greene; educated in Tallula public schools, Illinois College, Jacksonville, Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia, and Northwestern University Law School, Chicago; married, Petersburgh, Ill., June 10, 1897, Betty D. McNeely. Was in banking business at Tallula, Illinois, for ten years; conducted bank at Pleasant Plains, Illinois, one year; became vice-president and manager Peoples' Savings Bank and Trust Co., Moline, Ill., Jan., 1908, which position he still holds. Was mayor of Tallula ten years. Democrat. Ex-president Bankers' Association of Illinois (president 1907-1908). Member American Bankers' Assoc. Council. Mason, Elk, Knight of Pythias. Recreation: Golfing. Clubs: Moline, Rock Island Club, Rock Island Arsenal Golf. Residence: 1128 Twelfth Avenue. Office: People's Savings Bank and Trust Co., Moline.

Greene, William Stedman, congressman, was born April 28, 1841, in Tremont, Ill. He has been in the real estate and insurance business since 1866 in Fall River, Mass. He was president Common Council in 1877-79; mayor in 1880-81, 1886 and 1895-97. He was a member of the fifty-fifth, fifty-sixth, fifty-seventh, fifty-eighth, fifty-ninth, sixtieth, sixty-first and sixty-second congresses from Massachusetts as a Republican. He was re-elected to the sixty-third congress of 1913-15; and resides in Fall River, Mass.

Greever, Walton Harlowe, religious editor; born at Burke's Garden, Virginia, Dec. 18, 1870; son of John D. and Mary. E. (Spracher) Greever. He was graduated from Roanoke College at Salem, Virginia, A.B., 1892, and A.M., 1902 and D.D. (Newberry College), 1908, and was graduated from the Lutheran Theologic Seminary, at Mt. Airy, Philadelphia, 1896. In addition to successful pastoral work in Bluefield, W.Virginia, and Columbia, S.C. which he still continues, he became editor of the Lutheran Chun Visitor, the official organ of the United Synod of the Lutheran Church in the South, 1904, and organized and was president and manager of the United Synod Publishing Co., until 1906. He devoted a considerable period to the accumulation of funds and the erection of a publication building for the Lutheran Chun of the. South, in Columbia, S.C. The success of that work led the official organization of the Lutheran Board of Publication the United Synod of the Lutheran Church in the South, and a property and publications were transferred to that board. He continued as editor-in-chief and general manager for the publications and business of that board until May 1, 1914. On that date he gave his entire time to the completion of the organization the Lutheran Survey Publishing Co., and to the establishing the American Lutheran Survey, an international magazine d signed to give a weekly review of world progress and problem from the positive Christian standpoint; main offices, Columbia S.C., with representative headquarters to be established at Chicago and New York. He married in Philadelphia, June 27, 190 Neira Roberta Bruegel, who died Feb. 17, 1912, leaving three children. Residence: Eau Claire, Columbia, S.C. Office: Surve Place, Columbia, S.C.

Gregg, Alexander White, congressman, was born in Texas He was a member of the fifty-eighth, fifty-ninth, sixtieth, sixty-first and sixty-second congresses from Texas as a Democrat. He was reelected to the sixty-third congress from the seventh district of Texas for the term of 1913-15, and resides in Palestine, Texas.

Gregg, William Henry, retired manufacturer, was born Marc 24, 1831, in Palmyra, N.Y.; educated in public schools of Rochester, N.Y., to 1845; removed to St. Louis, 1846; married, Nov. 2" 1855, Orian Thompson, of St. Louis. President Southern Whit Lead Company, of St. Louis and Chicago, 1867-89, until it wa sold. President Gregg Genealogical Company. Author c "Where, When and How to Catch Fish on the East Coast c Florida" and "Controversial Issues in Scottish History."

Gregory, John J., jurist; born 1872, in Milwaukee, Wis. educated in .the common schools; received the honorary degree of Bachelor of Law from Marquette University; married, October 10, 1896, Josephine Whitehead. Appointed teller in money order division of Milwaukee Postoffice at the age of 15; remained in postoffice ten years. Admitted to the bar in 1896. Secretary of the Milwaukee Fire and Police. Commission from 1899 to 1910. Elected judge of the Civil Court', April 5, 1910, for a six-yea term, and received the highest number of votes among the thirty nine candidates. Member of various social and fraternal organizations. Address: Milwaukee, Wis.

Greusel, John Hubert, journalist and author, of 949 West Fort St., Detroit, Mich., was born in Detroit March 20, 1868; son of Joseph and Sophia (V. Stumm) Greusel; descendant of Puritan New England stock, 1640, and of Colonial and Revolutionary soldiers, more especially Gen. Warren, Lieut. Isaac Lockwood and others; married Stella Tolsma, daughter of Seberon F. and Elizabeth (Dei) Tolsma, Detroit, March 27, 1892; educated in Detroit High School; Univ. of Mich., class of 1888; B.L., 1888-90; post-grad. work, specializing in German, literature and American constitutional history, M.L.; staff contributor N.Y. World, N.Y. Herald, Detroit Free Press, Detroit News, San Francisco Chronicle, Los Angeles Times; national experience in interviewing notable characters, more especially has developed analysis of personality of living leaders; "Life of Edison, Champ Clark and Others," in book series; "Hours with Famous Americans." Member Sons of the American Revolution.

Griest, William Walton, was a representative from Pennsylvania to the sixty-first and sixty-second congresses as a Republican; was re-elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15, and resides in Lancaster, Pa.

Griffen, Benjamin, glass manufacturer and merchant, 40 Vestry St., New York City; residence, 41 W. 58th St. Director Manhattan Life Insurance Co., also trustee Manhattan Savings Inst. Member University, Metropolitan and Delta Kappa Epsilon clubs and College of the City of New York Alumni Association.

Griffin, D. J., United States congressman from the eighth district of New York, was born March 26, 1880, in Brooklyn, N.Y. He was elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 19131915, and resides in Brooklyn, N.Y.

Griffin, Francis B., hardware merchant, 71 Murray St., New York City; residence, 515 Park Ave. Born in Catskill, N.Y., Nov. 8, 1852. Educated in Elizabeth, N.J. Married. Member of the firm of C. E. Jennings & Co. Treasurer Jennings & Griffin Mfg. Co. Member Hardware, Mendelssohn Glee, Metropolitan and Tuxedo Clubs; Sons of the Revolution, Society of Colonial Wars, New England Society and Chamber of Commerce; director East River National Bank, Manhattan Savings Institution.

Griffin, Martin Joseph, C.M.G., LL.D., editor, author, Parliamentary Librarian at Ottawa; born, 1847, at St. John's Newfoundland; educated at St. Mary's College, Halifax; called to the bar, 1868; editor of The Express, Halifax, 1868-74; Herald, Halifax, 1874-78, and of The Toronto Mail, 1881-85; married, 1872, Harriet, daughter of D. Starratt, of Nova Scotia. Contributor to Blackwood 's, The Quarterly Review, Atlantic Monthly, Montreal Gazette, Toronto Star and other publications. Address: Library of Parliament, Ottawa, Ont., Canada.

Griffith, Frederick Winter, manufacturer; born, Phelps, N.Y., Dec. 17, 1858; son of John Watson and Charlotte (Malette) Griffith ; graduated from Hamilton Coll., A.B. (Phi Beta Kappa), 1886; married, Phelps, Oct. 1, 1889, Mary E. Adams; children : Frederick A., born 1894; Henry W., born 1896. Treas. and vice- pres. Garlock Packing Co. (large corporation doing business throughout U.S. and foreign countries) ; has traveled extensively abroad; elected trustee Hamilton Coll., 1907; member State Assembly, 1900-02; state senator, 1910-11-12; presidential elector on Republican ticket, 1894; has held many small civil and political offices; president Palmyra Printing Co. Presbyterian. Mason and member Zenobia Commandery K.T., Palmyra, N.Y. Address: Palmyra, N.Y.

Griffith, Griffith Jenkins, philanthropist; born at Glamorganshire, South Wales, Jan. 4, 1850; son of Griffith M. and Margaret (Jenkins) Griffith; came to America, 1865; educated in public schools of Ashland and Danville, Pa., and Fowler institute, New York ; married Miss M. A. C. Mesmer of Los Angeles, Cal., January, 1886. Removed to California, 1873; business manager Herald Pub. Co., San Francisco, until 1878; mining correspondent Alta California, a San Francisco newspaper during palmy days of Comstock Lode developments in Nevada; later engaged extensively in mining in Mexico. Purchased, 1882, Los Feliz rancho, of 4,074 acres, near Los Angeles, and acquired extensive realty holdings in the city. Donated, 1.896, without restriction, 3,016 acres of Los Feliz rancho to city of Los Angeles for public park; also presented, 1912, $100,000 for erection of an astronomical observatory, located on Mount Hollywood, in Griffith Park, for free use of the public for study and scientific research. Colonel California National Guards under Brig.-Gen. E. E. Hewitt, 1884 to 1888. Protestant; Republican; Mason. Member Automobile Club of America of Southern California. Author of "Crimes and Criminals," 1910; "Public Parks and Playgrounds," 1910. Address: Hotel Rosslyn, 443 South Main St., Los Angeles, Cal.

Grimm, Karl Josef, educator, scientist and librarian of Pennsylvania College of Gettysburg, Pa., was born June 10, 1871, in Germany. He has been fellow and research fellow in Johns Hopkins University, 1897-1901; also assistant in the Oriental Seminary of Johns Hopkins University; professor of modern language in Wis. College, Collegeville, Pa., 1901-06. Since 1906 he has been professor of the German language and literature and librarian in Pennsylvania College, Gettysburg, Pa.

Griscom, Clement Acton, Jr., corporate official; born in Philadelphia, June 20, 1868; son of Clement A. and Frances Canby (Biddle) Griscom. He was educated in the schools of Geneva, Switzerland, Frankfort-on-Main, Germany, and at the University of Pennsylvania, Ph.B., 1887. Mr. Griscom was formerly supervisor, manager and general manager of the International Navigation Co., the International Mercantile Marine Co., and resigned in 1904. He is now president and director of The GriscomRussell Co., president and director of Audiffren Refrigerating Machine Co.; director Empire Trust Co. He is a member of the Chamber of Commerce, New York Produce Exchange, Maritime Exchange, American Academy of Political and Social Science, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Department of Archaeology and Paleontology of the University of Pennsylvania, American Museum of Natural History, Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, Pennsylvania Society of the Sons of the Revolution, Pennsylvania Society of New York, Society of Colonial Wars, General Alumni Society of the University of Pennsylvania, New York Zoological Society, American National Red Cross Society. Mr. Griscom is also a member of the Union, City Midday and University of Pennsylvania Clubs of New York City; University, Philadelphia, St. James' Club of London, England, and of the Somerset Hills Country Club of Bernardsville, N.Y. Mr. Griscom married in Grace Church, New York City, Sept. 18, 1889, Genevieve Sprigg Ludlow, and they have two sons. Address: 21 Washington Square, North, New York City.

Griswold, Edward Payson Hammond, physician, of 438 First St., Niagara Falls, N.Y., was born, Rocky Hill, Conn., July 22, 1855; son of Rufus W. and Esther E. (Hammond) Griswold; graduated Med. Dept. Univ. City of N.Y., 1878; married, Lockport, N.Y., April 3, 1883, Marion White. On staff of Hartford Hosp., 1878-79; member U.S. Pension Ed., Hartford, Conn., 18921898. Pres. Niagara County, N.Y., Soc. Prevention of Cruelty to Children; chaplain Niagara Falls Lodge of Elks. Republican; Presbyterian. Member Niagara County, N.Y., Med. Soc., N.Y. Acad. of Med.

Gronna, Asle J., United States senator from North Dakota, was born Dec. 10, 1858, in Elkader, Iowa. He taught school for two years at Wilmington, Minn. He removed to South Dakota in 1897, where he was engaged in farming and teaching. He is a merchant and banker, and also extensively engaged in farming. He was a member of the territorial legislature of 1889. He was elected to the fifty-ninth, sixtieth and sixty-first congresses. He is now United States senator from North Dakota.

Grosvenor, Charles Henry, lawyer; born at Pomfret, Conn., Sept. 20, 1833; son of Major Peter Grosvenor, who served in the 10th Connecticut Regiment in the War of 1812, and grandson of Colonel Thomas Grosvenor of the 2d Connecticut Regiment in the Revolution. He was taken to Ohio by his father in 1838, attended a few terms in a country log schoolhouse in Athens County, Ohio; taught school and studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1857. He was chairman of the Executive Committee of the Ohio State Bar Association from its organization for many years. He served in the Union Army, in the 18th Ohio Volunteers, from July, 1861, to November, 1865; was major, lieutenant-colonel, colonel and brevet brigadier-general of volunteers, commanding a brigade at the battle of Nashville, in December, 1864. He has held divers township and village offices; was a member of the State House of Representatives of Ohio, 1874-1878, serving as speaker of the house two years; was presidential elector for the Fifteenth District of Ohio in 1872, and was chosen to carry the electoral vote of the State to Washington; was presidential elector at large in 1880; was a member of the Board of Trustees of the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home, at Xenia, 1880-1888, and president of the Board for five years; was a delegate at large to the National Republican Convention at St. Louis in 1896, and again to the National Republican Convention at Philadelphia in 1900; was elected to the forty-ninth, fiftieth, fifty-first, fifty-third,fifty-fourth, fifty-fifth, fifty-sixth, fifty-seventh, fifty-eighth and fifty-ninth congresses. He is nationally known as a strong supporter of the American protective system of tariffs on imports and also for his knowledge of political statistics and for his ability in political forecasts. Address: Athens, Ohio.

Grundy, George Geoffrey, secretary and general manager Temiscouata Ry. Office: Riviere du Loup, Que. Born June 12, 1877, at Brecon, England. Educated at Christ College at Brecon, England. Entered railway service 1893, since which he has been consecutively to 1897, clerk in chief engineer's office and clerk in superintendent's office Quebec Central Ry. at Sherbrooke, Que.; 1897 to 1898, in engineering department Canadian Pacific Ry.; 1898 to 1900, assistant engineer for Mackenzie, Mann & Co.; 1901 to 1909, superintendent Temiscouata Ry.; 1909 to date, secretary and general manager and director same road.

Gudger, James M., congressman, was born in North Carolina. He served as a member of the fifty-eighth, fifty-ninth and sixty-second congresses, and was re-elected to the sixty-third congress as a Democrat, and resides in Asheville, N.C.

Guerin, Edmund, jurist; born Dec. 25, 1858, at Montreal, Canada; educated in Montreal College (Sulpician) and McGill University (degrees of B.A., 1878; B.C.L., 1881; D.C.L., 1911). Has been twice married, first to Marie Evans, and then to Mary Catherine Sexton; commissioner of pilots' court, 1901-07; crown prosecutor, District of Montreal, 1905-07; has been judge of the Superior Court of the Province of Quebec since Jan. 7, 1907; president of the Graduates' Society of McGill University. Member of St. . Patrick's Society and the Knights of Columbus. Clubs: St. James, University. Address: Court House, Montreal, P.Q., Canada.

Guerin, James John Edmund, M.D. C.M., LL.D., T.C.D., K.C.S.G.; born at Montreal, 1856; son of the late Thomas Guerin; C.E.; chief hydraulic engineer Department of Public Works of Canada; educated at Montreal College and McGill University (M.D., C.M.); member of the Quebec Legislature 1895 to 1905; member of the Marchand and of the Parent cabinets, 1897 to 1905; M.D. (Honoris causa), Laval University, Quebec, 1902; professor of clinical medicine, Laval University, Montreal; president of the Medical Board of the Hotel Dieu Hospital, Montreal; member of the Council of Public Instruction of the Province of Quebec; mayor of Montreal, 1910-1911; represented the city of Montreal at the funeral of his late majesty King Edward VH, and at the coronation of His Majesty King George V; LL.D., Trinity College, Dublin, 1912; created Knight Commander of the Order of St. Gregory the Great by His Holiness Pope Pius X, 1911; married (1883) Mary, daughter of the late Hon. James O'Brien, Canadian senator. Address: "Aherlow," 4 Edgehill Avenue, Montreal.

Guerin, Jules, artist, illustrator and mural painter, of 24 Gramercy Park, New York City, was born, St. Louis, Mo., Nov. 18, 1866; son of Richmond Lee and Louise (Davis) Guerin; educated at Paris, France, under Jean Paul Laurens and Benjamin Constant; finishing acad. work, 1894; married, N.Y. City, 1902, Mary Mulford. Traveled in France, England, Ireland, Holland, Morocco, Dalmatia, Greece and Turkey; five years in France, four years in Holland, sketching. Made French Chateaux, Pictures of Egypt, Pictures of Holy Land, for Century Magazine; made drawings for civic improvement of Washington, D.C. Has received numerous medals in France and U.S., including medals from Paris Expo., 1900, and La. Purchase Expo., 1904. Mem. Nat. Inst. of Arts and Letters, Nat. Soc. Mural Painters; Dir. Color and Decoration, Panama-Pacific Expo.; mein. Am. Water Color Soc., N.Y. Water Color Club. Club: Players.

Guernsey, Frank Edward, congressman, was born Oct. 15, 1866, in Dover, Me. In 1897-99 he was a member of the Maine House of Representatives, and in 1.903 was a member of the Maine State Senate. He is president of the Piscataquis Savings Bank at Dover, Me. In 1908-09 he was a representative from Maine to the sixtieth congress to fill a vacancy, and was reelected to the sixty-first, sixty-second, sixty-third and sixty-fourth congresses as a Republican, and was reelected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-17, and resides in Dover, Me.

Gullord, Adolph, banker, born in Wisconsin, Jan. 21, 1866; son of Even 0. and Helen (Heprud) Gullord; educated. by parents in school at Black River Falls, Wis., and commercial course at Valparaiso, Ind.; married, Slayton, Minn., Feb. 6, 1889, Bessie Dawson of Illinois; children: William Earl, Laura Pearl, Everett Russell. Bookkeeper and teller State Bank of Slayton, Minn., Aug. 31, 1902, to Oct. 7, 1907; cashier and director of First National Bank of Iona., Minn., since Oct. 7, 1907. Previous to banking career, clerked in stores for several years and was deputy register of deeds for Murray County, Minn., three years. Has always been a Republican, is a member of the M.E. Church at Slayton, Minn.; also a member of the I.O.O.F. and various other fraternal and benevolent societies. Address: Iona., Minn.

Gunnison, Almon, president of St. Lawrence University; born in Hallowell, Me., March 2, 1844; son of Nathaniel and Ann L. (Foster) Gunnison. He was prepared at Green Mountain Institute, Woodstock, Vt., Dalhousie College, Halifax, N.S., and was graduated from Tufts College, and in divinity from St. Lawrence University. The degree of D.D. was conferred upon him by the St. Lawrence University, and the degree of LL.D. by Union College and Tufts College. After completing his studies, he entered the Universalist ministry, settling first at Bath, Me. Three years afterward he was called to All Souls' Church, Brooklyn, N.Y., where he remained twenty years, then to the First Universalist Church of Worcester, Mass., for ten years. From there he was called to the presidency of St. Lawrence University, Canton; which position he now occupies. He is one of the editors of The Geographical Magazine, and editorial writer for the Christian Leader, and was for ten years a trustee of the General Convention of Universalists. Dr. Gunnison has made eight tours abroad, visiting Europe, Asia and Africa; has written two books: Rambles Overland, and Wayside and Fireside Rambles; has been a frequent contributor to magazines, and has lectured extensively. In politics he is a Republican. He is a member of the Zeta Psi fraternity. He married, at Canton, N.Y., July 7, 1868, Ella E. Everest, and they have one son: Frederick E., lawyer and president of the Home Trust Co., Brooklyn—and a daughter, Mrs. Guy L. Harrington of Brooklyn, N.Y. Address: Canton, N.Y.

Gunnison, Frederick Everett, lawyer, banker; born, Canton, Ohio, May 28, 1869; son of Almon and Ella (Everest) Gunnison; graduated from Columbia Univ. A.B., 1890; New York Univ., A.M., LL.B.; married, Montclair, Nov. 22, 1899, Rose Iantha Fancher; children: Almon Gage (deceased), Elsa. Member firm of Harris, Corwin, Gunnison Meyers; president Home Trust Co. of New York; director Brooklyn, Queens County and Suburban Railroad, East Brooklyn Savings Bank; chairman Gas and Electric Light Commission of New York State. Republican; Universalist. Clubs: Union League (former president), Brooklyn, Hamilton, Crescent, Municipal. Residence: 79 Argyle Road, Brooklyn. Offices: 44 Court St., Brooklyn, and 150 Nassau St., N.Y. City.

Gunnison, Herbert Foster, journalist, of Brooklyn, N.Y.; born, Halifax, N.S., June 28, 1858; son of Rev. Nathaniel and Ann L. (Foster) Gunnison; graduated from St. Lawrence University, A.M., 1880 (Phi Beta Kappa); married, Brooklyn, N.Y., 1886, Alice May; children: Raymond M., Florence, Foster. Began with Brooklyn Times and since 1882 has been connected with Brooklyn Eagle, being stockholder and business manager, and for three years was Albany correspondent. Treasurer, secretary and director Eagle Warehouse & Storage Co.; trustee Nassau Trust Co. and Williamsburg Savings Bank. Author: "Two Americans in a Motorcar," "Flatbush of Today," "Out on Long Island," and other books. Has traveled extensively in United States and Europe. Republican; Universalist. Member many civic and charitable organizations. Was trustee Brooklyn Public Library; executive member City Planning Committee; now trustee Flat-bush Boys' Club, Brooklyn Bureau of Charities, All Souls' Universalist Church. Clubs: Brooklyn, Hamilton, Hanover, Municipal.

Gunther, Charles Frederick, naval officer, merchant, manufacturer and public official of Chicago, Ill., was born March 6, 1837, in Wildberg, Wurtemberg, Germany. In 1842 he came to the United States, and received his education in the public schools. For several years he was a bank cashier, and during the Civil War he served in the Confederate navy. Since 1868 he has been a manufacturing confectioner; is president Gunther Confectionery and Chocolate Co., and has built up an extensive business in Chicago, Ill. He served two terms as a member of the Chicago Common Council, and in 1900-04 he served two terms as city treasurer. He owns one of the finest collections of Washington and Lincoln relics, and also a collection of historical manuscripts. He is president of the Coliseum; a thirty-third degree Mason; a trustee of the Chicago Academy of Science; a trustee of the Chicago Historical Association, and a member of the Chicago Art Institute, and a member of the Union League and Iroquois Clubs, Southern Club and Athletic Club.

Gunther, Franklin Mott, first secretary United States legation at Lisbon, Portugal, was born Feb. 28, 1885, in New York City. He graduated from Harvard University and from the Ecole des Science Libres at Paris, France. In 1908-09 he was private secretary to the American ambassador to Japan, and in 1909-10 was third secretary American embassy at Paris. In 1911 he became secretary of the legation at Managua, Nicaragua, and from June 25, 1911, to Jan. 17, 1912, was United States charge d'affaires at Managua, Nicaragua. Since Feb. 1, 1912, he has been first secretary of the American legation at Lisbon, Portugal.

Gussow, Hans Theodor, Central Experimental Farm, Ottawa, Can., was born, Breslau, Germany, Aug. 24, 1879. Royal Bot. Gardens, Breslau, 1894-96; Leipzig, 1898-99; Berlin, 1889-1900. Assistant to consulting botanist, Royal Agr. Soc., England, 1903- 1909; chief, div. bot., Cent. Exp. Farm, Ottawa, 1909- Dominion Botanist, 1910-F.A.A., Assn. Econ. Biol.; Royal Micros. Soc.; hon. mem. Royal Hort. Soc. (mem. sci. committee); Verein. fur angewandte Bot.; Soc. Mycol. de France. Mycology; bacteriology; diseases of plants.

Gutelius, Frederick Passmore, born Dec. 21, 1864, at Mifflinburg, Pa. Graduated from Lafayette College as civil engineer, 1887. Entered railway service 1888, since which he has been consecutively to 1892, assistant engineer and assistant supervisor Pennsylvania Co. at Pittsburgh, Pa.; 1885 to 1898, general superintendent Columbia & Western Ry.; 1898 to 1900, division superintendent Canadian Pacific Ry.; 1900 to 1902, various positions in engineering department same road; 1902 to March, 1906, engineer maintenance of way same road at Montreal, Canada; March, 1906, to Sept., 1908, assistant chief engineer; Sept., 1908, to Jan., 1911, general superintendent Lake Superior division; Jan., 1911, to Feb., 1912, general superintendent eastern division same road at Montreal; resigned to become member of Canadian government commission to investigate transactions involved in construction of National Transcontinental Ry.

Guth, William Westley, university president of San Jose, Cal., was born Oct. 15, 1871, in Nashville, Tenn. He has been pastor at West Chelmsford, and Cambridge, Mass., for a number of years. He is author of the "Assurance of Faith" and other works.

Gutru, George H., banker; born Newman Grove, Neb., Nov. 7, 1881; son of Levi and Ingeborg (Olson) Gutru; graduated Newman Grove High School, Omaha College; married, Newman Grove, Neb., Sept. 14, 1905, Phoebe Tessin. President Newman Grove State Bank of Newman Grove, Neb.; director The Citizens' State Bank of Albion, Neb. Republican; Lutheran. Elk. Address: Newman Grove.