National Historic Preservation Act Amendments of 1992

National Historic Preservation Act Amendments of 1992  (1992) 

National Historic Preservation Act Amendments of 1992.
16 USC 470 note.
TITLE XL—NATIONAL HISTORIC PRESERVATION ACT AMENDMENTS

SEC. 4001. SHORT TITLE.
This title may be cited as the “National Historic Preservation Act Amendments of 1992”.

SEC. 4002. POLICY.
Section 2 of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470-1) is amended as follows—

(1) In paragraph (2) insert “and in the administration of the national preservation program in partnership with States, Indian tribes, Native Hawaiians, and local governments” after “community of nations”.
(2) In paragraph (6) insert “, Indian tribes and Native Hawaiian organizations” after “local governments”.

SEC. 4003. REVIEW OF THREATS TO PROPERTIES.
Section 101(a) of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470a(a)) is amended by adding the following new paragraph at the end thereof:

“(8) The Secretary shall, at least once every 4 years, in consultation with the Council and with State Historic Preservation Officers, review significant threats to properties included in, or eligible for inclusion on, the National Register, in order to—

“(A) determine the kinds of properties that may be threatened;
“(B) ascertain the causes of the threats; and
“(C) develop and submit to the President and Congress recommendations for appropriate action.”.

SEC. 4004. STATE HISTORIC PRESERVATION PROGRAMS.
Section 101(b) of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470a(b)) is amended as follows:

(1) Amend paragraph (2) to read as follows:

“(2)(A) Periodically, but not less than every 4 years after the approval of any State program under this subsection, the Secretary, in consultation with the Council on the appropriate provisions of this Act, and in cooperation with the State Historic Preservation Officer, shall evaluate the program to determine whether it is consistent with this Act.

“(B)Contracts. If, at any time, the Secretary determines that a major aspect of a State program is not consistent with this Act, the Secretary shall disapprove the program and suspend in whole or in part any contracts or cooperative agreements with the State and the State Historic Preservation Officer under this Act, until the program is consistent with this Act, unless the Secretary determines that the program will be made consistent with this Act within a reasonable period of time.

“(C) The Secretary, in consultation with State Historic Preservation Officers, shall establish oversight methods to ensure State program consistency and quality without imposing undue review burdens on State Historic Preservation Officers.

“(D) At the discretion of the Secretary, a State system of fiscal audit and management may be substituted for comparable Federal systems so long as the State system—

“(i) establishes and maintains substantially similar accountability standards; and
“(ii) provides for independent professional peer review.

The Secretary may also conduct periodic fiscal audits of State programs approved under this section as needed and shall ensure that such programs meet applicable accountability standards.”.

(2) Amend paragraph (3) as follows:
(A) In subparagraph (G), strike “relating to the Federal and State Historic Preservation Programs; and” and insert “in historic preservation;”.
(B) In subparagraph (H), strike the period at the end thereof and insert a semicolon.
(C) Add at the end thereof the following new subparagraphs—
“(I) consult with appropriate Federal agencies in accordance with this Act on—
“(i) Federal undertakings that may affect historic properties; and
“(ii) the content and sufficiency of any plans developed to protect, manage, or reduce or mitigate harm to such properties; and
“(J) advise and assist in the evaluation of proposals for rehabilitation projects that may qualify for Federal assistance.”.
(3) Amend paragraph (5) by striking “1980” and inserting “1992”.
(4) Add at the end thereof the following new paragraphs:

“(6)(A) Subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D), the Secretary may enter into contracts or cooperative agreements with a State Historic Preservation Officer for any State authorizing such Officer to assist the Secretary in carrying out one or more of the following responsibilities within that State—

“(i) Identification and preservation of historic properties.
“(ii) Determination of the eligibility of properties for listing on the National Register.
“(iii) Preparation of nominations for inclusion on the National Register.
“(iv) Maintenance of historical and archaeological data bases.
“(v) Evaluation of eligibility for Federal preservation incentives.

Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to provide that any State Historic Preservation Officer or any other person other than the Secretary shall have the authority to maintain the National Register for properties in any State.

“(B) The Secretary may enter into a contract or cooperative agreement under subparagraph (A) only if—

“(i) the State Historic Preservation Officer has requested the additional responsibility;
“(ii) the Secretary has approved the State historic preservation program pursuant to section 101(b)(1) and (2);
“(iii) the State Historic Preservation Officer agrees to carry out the additional responsibility in a timely and efficient manner acceptable to the Secretary and the Secretary determines that such Officer is fully capable of carrying out such responsibility in such manner;
“(iv) the State Historic Preservation Officer agrees to permit the Secretary to review and revise, as appropriate in the discretion of the Secretary, decisions made by the Officer pursuant to such contract or cooperative agreement; and
“(v) the Secretary and the State Historic Preservation Officer agree on the terms of additional financial assistance to the State, if there is to be any, for the costs of carrying out such responsibility.

“(C) For each significant program area under the Secretary’s authority, the Secretary shall establish specific conditions and criteria essential for the assumption by State Historic Preservation Officers of the Secretary’s duties in each such program.

“(D) Nothing in this subsection shall have the effect of diminishing the preservation programs and activities of the National Park Service.”.

SEC. 4005. CERTIFICATION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS.
Section 101(c) of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470a(c)) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph:

“(4) For me purposes of this section the term—

“(A) ‘designation’ means the identification and registration of properties for protection that meet criteria established by the State or the locality for significant historic and prehistoric resources within the jurisdiction of a local government; and
“(B) ‘protection’ means a local review process under State or local law for proposed demolition of, changes to, or other action that may affect historic properties designated pursuant to subsection (c).”.

SEC. 4006. TRIBAL HISTORIC PRESERVATION PROGRAMS.
(a) Revision of Existing Law.—Section 101 of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470a) is amended as follows—

(1) Redesignate subsections (d), (e), (f), (g), and (h) as subsections (e), (f), (g), (h), and (i), respectively.
(2) Insert after subsection (c) the following new subsection:

“(d)(1)(A)Regulations. The Secretary shall establish a program and promulgate regulations to assist Indian tribes in preserving their particular historic properties. The Secretary shall foster communication and cooperation between Indian tribes and State Historic Preservation Officers in the administration of the national historic preservation program to ensure that all types of historic properties and all public interests in such properties are given due consideration, and to encourage coordination among Indian tribes, State Historic Preservation Officers, and Federal agencies in historic preservation planning and in the identification, evaluation, protection, and interpretation of historic properties.

“(B) The program under subparagraph (A) shall be developed in such a manner as to ensure that tribal values are taken into account to the extent feasible. The Secretary may waive or modify requirements of this section to conform to the cultural setting of tribal heritage preservation goals and objectives. The tribal programs implemented by specific tribal organizations may vary in scope, as determined by each tribe’s chief governing authority.

“(C) The Secretary shall consult with Indian tribes, other Federal agencies, State Historic Preservation Officers, and other interested parties and initiate the program under subparagraph (A) by not later than October 1, 1994.

“(2) A tribe may assume all or any part of the functions of a State Historic Preservation Officer in accordance with subsections (b)(2) and (b)(3), with respect to tribal lands, as such responsibilities may be modified for tribal programs through regulations issued by the Secretary, if—

“(A) the tribe’s chief governing authority so requests;
“(B) the tribe designates a tribal preservation official to administer the tribal historic preservation program, through appointment by the tribe’s chief governing authority or as a tribal ordinance may otherwise provide;
“(C) the tribal preservation official provides the Secretary with a plan describing how the functions the tribal preservation official proposes to assume will be carried out;
“(D) the Secretary determines, after consulting with the tribe, the appropriate State Historic Preservation Officer, the Council (if the tribe proposes to assume the functions of the State Historic Preservation Officer with respect to review of undertakings under section 106), and other tribes, if any, whose tribal or aboriginal lands may be affected by conduct of the tribal preservation program—
“(i) that the tribal preservation program is fully capable of carrying out the functions specified in the plan provided under subparagraph (C);
“(ii) that the plan defines the remaining responsibilities of the Secretary and the State Historic Preservation Officer;
“(iii) that the plan provides, with respect to properties neither owned by a member of the tribe nor held in trust by the Secretary for the benefit of the tribe, at the request of the owner thereof, the State Historic Preservation Officer, in addition to the tribal preservation official, may exercise the historic preservation responsibilities in accordance with subsections (b)(2) and (b)(3); and
“(E) based on satisfaction of the conditions stated in subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D), the Secretary approves the plan.

“(3) In consultation with interested Indian tribes, other Native American organizations and affected State Historic Preservation Officers, the Secretary shall establish and implement procedures for carrying out section 103(a) with respect to tribal programs that assume responsibilities under paragraph (2).

“(4)Contracts. At the request of a tribe whose preservation program has been approved to assume functions and responsibilities pursuant to paragraph (2), the Secretary shall enter into contracts or cooperative agreements with such tribe permitting the assumption by the tribe of any part of the responsibilities referred to in subsection (b)(6) on tribal land, if—

“(A) the Secretary and the tribe agree on additional financial assistance, if any, to the tribe for the costs of carrying out such authorities;
“(B) the Secretary finds that the tribal historic preservation program has been demonstrated to be sufficient to carry out the contract or cooperative agreement and this Act; and
“(C) the contract or cooperative agreement specifies the continuing responsibilities of the Secretary or of the appropriate State Historic Preservation Officers and provides for appropriate participation by—
“(i) the tribe’s traditional cultural authorities;
“(ii) representatives of other tribes whose traditional lands are under the jurisdiction of the tribe assuming responsibilities; and
“(iii) the interested public.

“(5) The Council may enter into an agreement with an Indian tribe to permit undertakings on tribal land to be reviewed under tribal historic preservation regulations in place of review under regulations promulgated by the Council to govern compliance with section 106, if the Council, after consultation with the tribe and appropriate State Historic Preservation Officers, determines that the tribal preservation regulations will afford historic properties consideration equivalent to those afforded by the Council’s regulations.

“(6)(A) Properties of traditional religious and cultural importance to an Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization may be determined to be eligible for inclusion on the National Register.

“(B) In carrying out its responsibilities under section 106, a Federal agency shall consult with any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization that attaches religious and cultural significance to properties described in subparagraph (A).

“(C)Hawaii. In carrying out his or her responsibilities under subsection (b)(3), the State Historic Preservation Officer for the State of Hawaii shall—

“(i) consult with Native Hawaiian organizations in assessing the cultural significance of any property in determining whether to nominate such property to the National Register;
“(ii) consult with Native Hawaiian organizations in developing the cultural component of a preservation program or plan for such property; and
“(iii) enter into a memorandum of understanding or agreement with Native Hawaiian organizations for the assessment of the cultural significance of a property in determining whether to nominate such property to the National Register and to carry out the cultural component of such preservation program or plan.”.

(b) Conforming Amendment.—Section 110(c) of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470h-2(c)) is amended by striking “101(g)” and inserting “101(h)”.

SEC. 4007. MATCHING GRANTS.
Section 101(e) of the National Historic Preservation Act, as redesignated by section 4006(a)(1) of this title,16 USC 470a. is amended as follows—

(1) Amend paragraph (1) to read as follows:

“(1) The Secretary shall administer a program of matching grants to the States for the purposes of carrying out this Act.”.

(2) Add the following at the end thereof:

“(4) Grants may be made under this subsection for the preservation, stabilization, restoration, or rehabilitation of religious properties listed in the National Register of Historic Places, provided that the purpose of the grant is secular, does not promote religion, and seeks to protect those qualities that are historically significant. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to authorize the use of any funds made available under this section for the acquisition of any property referred to in the preceding sentence.”.

“(5) The Secretary shall administer a program of direct grants to Indian tribes and Native Hawaiian organizations for the purpose of carrying out this Act as it pertains to Indian tribes and Native Hawaiian organizations. Matching fund requirements may be modified. Federal funds available to a tribe or Native Hawaiian organization may be used as matching funds for the purposes of the tribe’s or organization’s conducting its responsibilities pursuant to this section.

“(6)(A)Territories. As part of the program of matching grant assistance from the Historic Preservation Fund to States, the Secretary shall administer a program of direct grants to the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and upon termination of the Trusteeship Agreement for the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Republic of Palau (referred to as the Micronesian States) in furtherance of the Compact of Free Association between the United States and the Federated States of Micronesia and the Marshall Islands, approved by the Compact of Free Association Act of 1985 (48 U.S.C. 1681 note), the Trusteeship Agreement for the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and the Compact of Free Association between the United States and Palau, approved by the Joint Resolution entitled ‘Joint Resolution to approve the “Compact of Free Association” between the United States and Government of Palau, and for other purposes’ (48 U.S.C. 1681 note). Historic preservation.The goal of the program shall be to establish historic and cultural preservation programs that meet the unique needs of each Micronesian State so that at the termination of the compacts the programs shall be firmly established. The Secretary may waive or modify the requirements of this section to conform to the cultural setting of those nations.

“(B) The amounts to be made available to the Micronesian States shall be allocated by the Secretary on the basis of needs as determined by the Secretary. Matching funds may be waived or modified.”.

SEC. 4008. EDUCATION AND TRAINING.
Section 101 of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470a), as amended by section 4005 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection:

“(j)(1) The Secretary shall, in consultation with the Council and other appropriate Federal, tribal. Native Hawaiian, and non-Federal organizations, develop and implement a comprehensive preservation education and training program.

“(2) The education and training program described in paragraph (1) shall include—

“(A) new standards and increased preservation training opportunities for Federal workers involved in preservation-related functions;
“(B) increased preservation training opportunities for other Federal, State, tribal and local government workers, and students;
“(C) technical or financial assistance, or both, to historically black colleges and universities, to tribal colleges, and to colleges with a high enrollment of Native Americans or Native Hawaiians, to establish preservation training and degree programs;
“(D) coordination of the following activities, where appropriate, with the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training—
“(i) distribution of information on preservation technologies;
“(ii) provision of training and skill development in trades, crafts, and disciplines related to historic preservation in Federal training and development programs; and
“(iii) support for research, analysis, conservation, curation, interpretation, and display related to preservation.”.

SEC. 4009. REQUIREMENTS FOR AWARDING OF GRANTS.
Section 102 of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470b) is amended as follows:

(1) Amend paragraph (3) of subsection (a) to read as follows:

“(3) for more than 60 percent of the aggregate costs of carrying out projects and programs under the administrative control of the State Historic Preservation Officer as specified in section 101(b)(3) in any one fiscal year.”.

(2) In subsection (b) strike “, in which case a grant to the National Trust may include funds for the maintenance, repair, and administration of the property in a manner satisfactory for the Secretary”.
(3) Add at the end thereof the following new subsections:

“(d) The Secretary shall make funding available to individual States and the National Trust for Historic Preservation as soon as practicable after execution of a grant agreement. For purposes of administration, grants to individual States and the National Trust each shall be considered to be one grant and shall be administered by the National Park Service as such.

“(e) The total administrative costs, direct and indirect, charged for carrying out State projects and programs may not exceed 25 percent of the aggregate costs except in the case of grants under section 101(e)(6).”.

SEC. 4010. APPORTIONMENT OF GRANT FUNDS.
Section 103 of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470c) is amended as follows—

(1) In subsection (a) strike “for comprehensive statewide historic surveys and plans under this Act”, and insert “for the purposes this Act”.
(2) In subsection (b) strike “by the Secretary in accordance with needs as disclosed in approved statewide historic preservation plans.” and insert “as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.”.
(3) At the end of subsection (b) insert “The Secretary shall analyze and revise as necessary the method of apportionment. Federal Register, publication.Such method and any revision thereof shall be published by the Secretary in the Federal Register.”.

SEC. 4011. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATION FOR HISTORIC PRESERVATION FUND.
Section 108 of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470h-2)16 USC 470h. is amended by striking “1992” and inserting “1997”.

SEC. 4012. FEDERAL AGENCY HISTORIC PRESERVATION PROGRAMS.
Section 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470h-2) is amended as follows—

(1) In subsection (a)(1) strike “101(f)” and insert “101(g)”.
(2) Amend subsection (a)(2) to read as follows:

“(2) Each Federal agency shall establish (unless exempted pursuant to section 214), in consultation with the Secretary, a preservation program for the identification, evaluation, and nomination to the National Register of Historic Places, and protection of historic properties. Such program shall ensure—

“(A) that historic properties under the jurisdiction or control of the agency, are identified, evaluated, and nominated to the National Register;
“(B) that such properties under the jurisdiction or control of the agency as are listed in or may be eligible for the National Register are managed and maintained in a way that considers the preservation of their historic, archaeological, architectural, and cultural values in compliance with section 106 and gives special consideration to the preservation of such values in the case of properties designated as having National significance;
“(C) that the preservation of properties not under the jurisdiction or control of the agency, but subject to be potentially affected by agency actions are given full consideration in planning;
“(D) that the agency’s preservation-related activities are carried out in consultation with other Federal, State, and local agencies, Indian tribes, Native Hawaiian organizations carrying out historic preservation planning activities, and with the private sector; and
“(E) that the agency’s procedures for compliance with section 106—
“(i) are consistent with regulations issued by the Council pursuant to section 211;
“(ii) provide a process for the identification and evaluation of historic properties for listing in the National Register and the development and implementation of agreements, in consultation with State Historic Preservation Officers, local governments, Indian tribes, Native Hawaiian organizations, and the interested public, as appropriate, regarding the means by which adverse effects on such properties will be considered; and
“(iii) provide for the disposition of Native American cultural items from Federal or tribal land in a manner consistent with section 3(c) of the Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act (25 U.S.C. 3002(c)).”.
(3) Add at the end thereof the following new subsections:

“(k) Each Federal agency shall ensure that the agency will not grant a loan, loan guarantee, permit, license, or other assistance to an applicant who, with intent to avoid the requirements of section 106, has intentionally significantly adversely affected a historic property to which the grant would relate, or having legal power to prevent it, allowed such significant adverse effect to occur, unless the agency, after consultation with the Council, determines that circumstances justify granting such assistance despite the adverse effect created or permitted by the applicant.

“(l) With respect to any undertaking subject to section 106 which adversely affects any property included in or eligible for inclusion in the National Register, and for which a Federal agency has not entered into an agreement with the Council, the head of such agency shall document any decision made pursuant to section 106. The head of such agency may not delegate his or her responsibilities pursuant to such section. Where a section 106 memorandum of agreement has been executed with respect to an undertaking, such memorandum shall govern the undertaking and all of its parts.”.

SEC. 4013. LEASE OR EXCHANGE OF FEDERAL HOUSING PROPERTIES.
Section 111(a) of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470h-3(a)) is amended by striking “may, after consultation with the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation,” and inserting “after consultation with the Council, shall, to the extent practicable, establish and implement alternatives for historic properties, including adaptive use, that are not needed for current or projected agency purposes, and may”.

SEC. 4014. PROFESSIONAL STANDARDS.
Title I of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section:

“SEC. 112. PROFESSIONAL STANDARDS.16 USC 470h-4.
“(a) In General.—Each Federal agency that is responsible for the protection of historic resources, including archaeological resources pursuant to this Act or any other law shall ensure each of the following—

“(1)(A)Contracts. All actions taken by employees or contractors of such agency shall meet professional standards under regulations developed by the Secretary in consultation with the Council, other affected agencies, and the appropriate professional societies of the disciplines involved, specifically archaeology, architecture, conservation, history, landscape architecture, and planning.
“(B) Agency personnel or contractors responsible for historic resources shall meet qualification standards established by the Office of Personnel Management in consultation with the Secretary and appropriate professional societies of the disciplines involved. The Office or Personnel Management shall revise qualification standards within 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act for the disciplines involved, specifically archaeology, architecture, conservation, curation, history, landscape architecture, and planning. Such standards shall consider the particular skills and expertise needed for the preservation of historic resources and shall be equivalent requirements for the disciplines involved.
“(2)Records. Regulations. Records and other data, including data produced by historical research and archaeological surveys and excavations are permanently maintained in appropriate data bases and made available to potential users pursuant to such regulations as the Secretary shall promulgate.

“(b) Guidelines.—In order to promote the preservation of historic resources on properties eligible for listing in the National Register, the Secretary shall, in consultation with the Council, promulgate guidelines to ensure that Federal, State, and tribal historic preservation programs subject to this Act include plans to—

“(1) provide information to the owners of properties containing historic (including architectural, curatorial, and archaeological) resources with demonstrated or likely research significance, about the need for protection of such resources, and the available means of protection;
“(2) encourage owners to preserve such resources intact and in place and offer the owners of such resources information on the tax and grant assistance available for the donation of the resources or of a preservation easement of the resources;
“(3) encourage the protection of Native American cultural items (within the meaning of section 2(3) and (9) of the Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act (25 U.S.C. 3001(3) and (9)) and of properties of religious or cultural importance to Indian tribes. Native Hawaiians, or other Native American groups; and
“(4) encourage owners who are undertaking archaeological excavations to—
“(A) conduct excavations and analyses that meet standards for federally-sponsored excavations established by the Secretary;
“(B) donate or lend artifacts of research significance to an appropriate research institution;
“(C) allow access to artifacts for research purposes; and
“(D) prior to excavating or disposing of a Native American cultural item in which an Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization may have an interest under section 3(a)(2)(B) or (C) of the Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act (25 U.S.C. 3002(a)(2)(B) and (C)), given notice to and consult with such Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization.”.

SEC. 4015. INTERSTATE AND INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ANTIQUITIES.
Title I of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end thereof of the following new section after section 112:

“SEC. 113. INTERSTATE AND INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ANTIQUITIES.16 USC 470h-5.
“(a)Reports. Study.—In order to help control illegal interstate and international traffic in antiquities, including archaeological, curatorial, and architectural objects, and historical documents of all kinds, the Secretary shall study and report on the suitability and feasibility of alternatives for controlling illegal interstate and international traffic in antiquities.

“(b) Consultation.—In conducting the study described in subsection (a) the Secretary shall consult with the Council and other Federal agencies that conduct, cause to be conducted, or permit archaeological surveys or excavations or that have responsibilities for other kinds of antiquities and with State Historic Preservation Officers, archaeological, architectural, historical, conservation, and curatorial organizations, Indian tribes. Native Hawaiian organizations, and other Native American organizations, international organizations and other interested persons.

“(c) Report.—Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report detailing the Secretary’s findings and recommendations from the study described in subsection (a).

“(d)Appropriation authorization. Authorization.—There are authorized to be appropriated not more than $500,000 for the study described in subsection (a), such sums to remain available until expended.”.

SEC. 4016. MEMBERSHIP OF ADVISORY COUNCIL ON HISTORIC PRESERVATION.
Section 201(a) of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470i(a)) is amended as follows:

(1) Strike “and” at the end of paragraph (9).
(2) Strike the period at the end of paragraph (10) and insert “; and”.
(3) Add at the end thereof the following new paragraph:
“(11) one member of an Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization who represents the interests of the tribe or organization of which he or she is a member, appointed by the President.”.

SEC. 4017. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATONS FOR ADVISORY COUNCIL ON HISTORIC PRESERVATION.16 USC 470t.
Section 212(a) of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470) and following is amended by striking the last sentence thereof and inserting “There are authorized to be appropriated for purposes of this title not to exceed $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1993 through 1996.”.

SEC. 4018. ADVISORY COUNCIL REGULATIONS.
Section 211 of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470s) is amended by striking the period at the end of the first sentence and inserting “in its entirety.”.

SEC. 4010. DEFINITIONS.
(a) Amendment and Addition of Definitions.— Section 301 of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470w) is amended as follows—

(1) In paragraph (1) strike “Code,” and all that follows through the end of the paragraph, and insert in lieu thereof “Code.”.
(2) In paragraph (2) strike “the Trust Territories of the Pacific Islands” and insert “the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, and, upon termination of the Trusteeship Agreement for the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Republic of Palau”.
(3) Amend paragraph (4) to read as follows:
“(4) ‘Indian tribe’ or ‘tribe’ means an Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community, including a Native village, Regional Corporation or Village Corporation, as those terms are defined in section 3 of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1602), which is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.”.
(4) In paragraph (5) strike “Register” and all that follows through the end or the paragraph and insert “Register, including artifacts, records, and material remains related to such a property or resource.”.
(5) Amend paragraph (7) to read as follows:
“(7) ‘Undertaking’ means a project, activity, or program funded in whole or in part under the direct or indirect jurisdiction of a Federal agency, including—
“(A) those carried out by or on behalf of the agency;
“(B) those carried out with Federal financial assistance;
“(C) those requiring a Federal permit license, or approval; and
“(D) those subject to State or local regulation administered pursuant to a delegation or approval by a Federal agency.”.
(6) In paragraph (8) strike “maintenance and reconstruction,” and insert “maintenance, research, interpretation, conservation, and education and training regarding the foregoing activities,”.
(7) In paragraph (9) strike “urban area” and insert “area”.
(8) In paragraph (10) strike “urban area of one or more neighborhoods and” and insert “area”.
(9) In paragraph (11) after “of the Interior” insert “acting through the Director of the National Park Service”.
(10) In paragraph (12) strike “and architecture” and insert “architecture, folklore, cultural anthropology, curation, conservation, and landscape architecture”.
(11) In paragraph (13) strike “archaeology” and insert “prehistoric and historic archaeology, folklore, cultural anthropology, curation, conservation, and landscape architecture”.
(12) Add at the end thereof the following new paragraphs:
“(14) ‘Tribal lands’ means—
“(A) all lands within the exterior boundaries of any Indian reservation; and
“(B) all dependent Indian communities.
“(15) ‘Certified local government’ means a local government whose local historic preservation program has been certified pursuant to section 101(c).
“(16) ‘Council’ means the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation established by section 201.
“(17) ‘Native Hawaiian’ means any individual who is a descendant of the aboriginal people who, prior to 1778, occupied and exercised sovereignty in the area that now constitutes the State of Hawaii.
“(18) ‘Native Hawaiian organization’ means any organization which—
“(A) serves and represents the interests of Native Hawaiians;
“(B) has as a primary and stated purpose the provision of services to Native Hawaiians; and
“(C) has demonstrated expertise in aspects of historic preservation that are culturally significant to Native Hawaiians.
The term includes, but is not limited to, the Office of Hawaiian Affairs of the State of Hawaii and Hui Malama I Na Kupuna O Hawai’i Nei, an organization incorporated under the laws of the State of Hawaii.”.

(b) Technical Amendment.—Section 201(a) of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470i(a)) is amended by striking “(hereafter referred to as the ‘Council’)”.

SEC. 4020. ACCESS TO INFORMATION.
Section 304 of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 4702-3)16 USC 470w-3. is amended to read as follows:

“SEC. 304. ACCESS TO INFORMATION.
“(a) Authority to Withhold From Disclosure.—The head of a Federal agency or other public official receiving grant assistance pursuant to this Act, after consultation with the Secretary, shall withhold from disclosure to the public, information about the location, character, or ownership of a historic resource if the Secretary and the agency determine that disclosure may—

“(1) cause a significant invasion of privacy;
“(2) risk harm to the historic resources; or
“(3) impede the use of a traditional religious site by practitioners.

“(b) Access Determination.—When the head of a Federal agency or other public official has determined that information should be withheld from the public pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary, in consultation with such Federal agency head or official, shall determine who may have access to the information for the purpose of carrying out this Act.

“(c) Consultation With Council.—When the information in question has been developed in the course of an agency’s compliance with section 106 or 110(f), the Secretary shall consult with the Council in reaching determinations under subsections (a) and (b).”.

SEC. 4021. RECOMMENDATIONS.16 USC 470a note.
The Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Advisory Council, shall seek to ensure that historic properties preserved under the National Historic Preservation Act fully reflect the historical experience of this nation.

SEC. 4022. NATIONAL CENTER FOR PRESERVATION TECHNOLOGY AND TRAINING.
The National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470 and following) is amended by adding the following at the end thereof:

“TITLE IV—NATIONAL CENTER FOR PRESERVATION TECHNOLOGY AND TRAINING

“SEC. 401. FINDINGS.16 USC 470x.
“The Congress finds and declares that, given the complexity of technical problems encountered in preserving historic properties and the lack of adequate distribution of technical information to preserve such properties, a national initiative to coordinate and promote research, distribute information, and provide training about preservation skills and technologies would be beneficial.

“SEC. 402. DEFINITIONS.16 USC 470x-1.
“For the purposes of this title—

“(1) The term ‘Board’ means the National Preservation Technology and Training Board established pursuant to section 404.
“(2) The term ‘Center’ means the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training established pursuant to section 403.
“(3) The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of the Interior.

“SEC. 403. ESTABLISHMENT OF NATIONAL CENTER.Louisiana.
16 USC 470x-2.

“(a) Establishment.—There is hereby established within the Department of the Interior a National Center for Preservation Technology and Training. The Center shall be located at Northwestern State University of Louisiana in Natchitoches, Louisiana.

“(b) Purposes.—The purposes of the Center shall be to—

“(1) develop and distribute preservation and conservation skills and technologies for the identification, evaluation, conservation, and interpretation of prehistoric and historic resources;
“(2) develop and facilitate training for Federal, State and local resource preservation professionals, cultural resource managers, maintenance personnel, and others working in the preservation field;
“(3) take steps to apply preservation technology benefits from ongoing research by other agencies and institutions;
“(4) facilitate the transfer of preservation technology among Federal agencies, State and local governments, universities, international organizations, and the private sector; and
“(5) cooperate with related international organizations including, but not limited to the International Council on Monuments and Sites, the International Center for the Study of Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property, and the International Council on Museums.

“(c) Programs.—Such purposes shall be carried out through research, professional training, technical assistance, and programs for public awareness, and through a program of grants established under section 405.

“(d) Executive Director.—The Center shall be headed by an Executive Director with demonstrated expertise in historic preservation appointed by the Secretary with advice of the Board.

“(e) Assistance From Secretary.—The Secretary shall provide the Center assistance in obtaining such personnel, equipment, and facilities as may be needed by the Center to carry out its activities.

“SEC. 404. PRESERVATION TECHNOLOGY AND TRAINING BOARD.16 USC 470x-3.
“(a) Establishment.—There is established a Preservation Technology and Training Board.

“(b) Duties.—The Board shall—

“(1) provide leadership, policy advice, and professional oversight to the Center;
“(2) advise the Secretary on priorities and the allocation of grants among the activities of the Center; and
“(3)Reports. submit an annual report to the President and the Congress.

“(c) Membership.—The Board shall be comprised of—

“(1) the Secretary, or the Secretary’s designee;
“(2) 6 members appointed by the Secretary who shall represent appropriate Federal, State, and local agencies, State and local historic preservation commissions, and other public and international organizations, and
“(3) 6 members appointed by the Secretary on the basis of outstanding professional qualifications who represent major organizations in the fields of archaeology, architecture, conservation, curation, engineering, history, historic preservation, landscape architecture, planning, or preservation education.

“SEC. 405. PRESERVATION GRANTS.16 USC 470x-4.
“(a) In General.—The Secretary, in consultation with the Board, shall provide preservation technology and training grants to eligible applicants with a demonstrated institutional capability and commitment to the purposes of the Center, in order to ensure an effective and efficient system of research, information distribution and skills training in all the related historic preservation fields.

“(b) Grant Requirements.—(1) Grants provided under this section shall be allocated in such a fashion to reflect the diversity of the historic preservation fields and shall be geographically distributed.

“(2) No grant recipient may receive more than 10 percent of the grants allocated wider this section within any year.

“(3) The total administrative costs, direct and indirect, charged for carrying out grants under this section may not exceed 25 percent of the aggregate costs.

“(c) Eligible Applicants.—Eligible applicants may include Federal and non-Federal laboratories, accredited museums, universities, nonprofit organizations; offices, units, and Cooperative Park Study Units of the National Park System, State Historic Preservation Offices, tribal preservation offices, and Native Hawaiian organizations.

“(d) Standards.—All such grants shall be awarded in accordance with accepted professional standards and methods, including peer review of projects.

“(e) Authorization of Appropriation.—There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section such sums as may be necessary.

“SEC. 406. GENERAL PROVISIONS.16 USC 470x-5.
“(a) Acceptance of Grants and Transfers.—The Center may accept—

“(1) grants and donations from private individuals, groups, organizations, corporations, foundations, and other entities; and
“(2) transfers of funds from other Federal agencies.

“(b) Contracts and Cooperative Agreements.—Subject to appropriations, the Center may enter into contracts and cooperative agreements with Federal, State, local, and tribal governments, Native Hawaiian organizations, educational institutions, and other public entities to carry out the Center's responsibilities under this title.

“(c) Authorization of Appropriations.—There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for the establishment, operation, and maintenance of the Center. Funds for the Center shall be in addition to existing National Park Service programs, centers, and offices.

“SEC. 407. NATIONAL PARK SERVICE PRESERVATION.16 USC 470x-6.
“In order to improve the use of existing National Park Service resources, the Secretary shall fully utilize and further develop the National Park Service preservation (including conservation) centers and regional offices. The Secretary shall improve the coordination of such centers and offices within the National Park Service, and shall, where appropriate, coordinate their activities with the Center and with other appropriate parties.”.

SEC. 4023. REQUIREMENT FOR SPECIFIC AUTHORIZATION FOR PROJECTS UNDER THE HISTORIC SITES, BUILDINGS, AND ANTIQUITIES ACT.
Section 6 of the Act entitled “An Act to provide for the preservation of historic American sites, buildings, objects, and antiquities of national significance, and for other purposes” (16 U.S.C. 461–467)16 USC 466. is amended to read as follows:

“SEC. 6. REQUIREMENT FOR SPECIFIC AUTHORIZATION FOR PROJECTS UNDER THE HISTORIC SITES, BUILDINGS, AND ANTIQUITIES ACT.
“(a) In General.—Except as provided in subsection (b), notwithstanding any other provision of law, no funds appropriated or otherwise made available to the Secretary of the Interior to carry out section 2(e) or 2(f) may be obligated or expended after the date of enactment of this section—

“(1) unless the appropriation of such funds has been specifically authorized by law enacted on or after the date of enactment of this section; or
“(2) in excess of the amount prescribed by law enacted on or after such date.

“(b) Savings Provision.—Nothing in this section shall prohibit or limit the expenditure or obligation of any funds appropriated prior to January 1, 1993.

“(c) Authorization of Appropriations.—Except as provided by subsection (a), there is authorized to be appropriated for carrying out the purposes of this Act such sums as the Congress may from time to time determine.”.

SEC. 4024. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JUNIOR, NATIONAL HISTORIC SITE AND PRESERVATION DISTRICT.Georgia.
(a) Boundary Modification.—Subsection (a) of the first section of the Act entitled “An Act to establish the Martin Luther King, Junior, National Historic Site in the State of Georgia, and for other purposes” (Public Law 96-428; 94 Stat. 1839),16 USC 461 note. establishing the Martin Luther King, Junior, National Historic Site and Preservation District, is amended by striking “numbered NASM/SERO/20, 109-C, and dated May 1980” and inserting in lieu thereof “number 489/80,013B, and dated September 1992”.

(b) Limitation on Appropriations.—Section 6 of Public Law 96-0428 (94 Stat. 1842)16 USC 461 note. is amended by striking “, but not to exceed $1,000,000 for development, $100,000 for local planning, and $3,500,000 for the acquisition of lands and interests therein”.

SEC. 4026. SECRETARIAL REPORT.16 USC 470a note.
(a) Report.—Not later than one year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior shall prepare and submit to the Congress a report on the manner in which properties are listed or determined to be eligible for listing on the National Register, including but not limited to, the appropriateness of the criteria used in determining such eligibility, and the effect, if any, of such listing or finding of eligibility.

(b) Preparation.—In preparing the report, the Secretary shall consult with, and consider the views and comments of other Federal agencies, as well as interested individuals and public and private organizations, and shall include representative comments received as an appendix to the report.