New Jersey P.L.1967, c.108
AN ACT providing for emergency air pollution controls, and supplementing the "Air Pollution Control Act (1954)" approved September 16, 1954 (P.L.1954, c.212).
BE IT ENACTED by the Senate and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey:
C.26:2C-26 Title of act.
1. This act shall be known and may be cited as the "Air Pollution Emergency Control Act (1967)."
C.26:2C-27 Legislative findings.
2. The Legislature finds and declares that air pollution may at certain times and in certain places so seriously affect the health of the public and so directly threaten the lives of large portions of the population as to warrant the provision of emergency powers as in this act provided to prevent or minimize disasters of unforseeable proportions.
C.26:2C-28 Definition of "area."
3. As used in this act "area" means and refers not only to that portion or portions of the State as shall be described in the air pollution emergency declaration of the Governor but also to any other portion or portions of the State where activities are carried on which contribute or may contribute to the air pollution emergency in the portion or portions of the State described in the Governor's declaration.
C.26:2C-29 Powers of the Governor.
4. If the State Commissioner of Health determines at any time that air pollution, in any county, locality, place or other area in the State constitutes an unreasonable and emergency risk to the health of those present within said area of the State, such determination shall be communicated in writing, with the factual findings on which such determination is based, to the Governor; the commissioner may delegate in writing to any employee of the department the power to make such determination and deliver the same to the Governor in the absence of the commissioner from the State. Upon being so advised the Governor may by proclamation declare, as to all or any part of said area mentioned in the aforesaid determination, that an air pollution emergency exists, and upon making such declaration the Governor shall have the following powers which he may exercise in whole or in part by the issuance of an order or orders:
(a) To prohibit, restrict or condition motor vehicle travel of every kind, including trucks and buses, in the area;
(b) To prohibit, restrict or condition the operation of retail, commercial, manufacturing, industrial, or similar activity in the area;
(c) To prohibit, restrict or condition operation of incinerators in the area;
(d) To prohibit, restrict or condition the burning or other consumption of any type of fuel in the area;
(e) To prohibit, restrict or condition the burning of any materials whatsoever in the area;
(f) To prohibit, restrict or condition any and all other activity in the area which contributes or may contribute to the air pollution emergency.
C.26:2C-30 Maximum publicity.
5. The declaration by proclamation of the Governor of an air pollution emergency and any order issued by the Governor pursuant to such declaration shall be given maximum publicity throughout the State.
C.26:2C-31 Duration of emergency.
6. Any gubernatorial order may be amended or modified by further gubernatorial orders. Said order or orders shall not require any judicial or other order or confirmation of any type in order to become immediately effective as the legal obligation of all persons, firms, corporations and other entities within the State. Said order shall remain in effect for the duration of time set forth in same, and if no time limit is specified in said order, same shall remain in effect until the Governor declares by further proclamation that the emergency has terminated.
C.26:2C-32 Enforcement of orders.
7. The aforesaid orders of the Governor shall be enforced by the Departments of Health, Defense, and the State and local police and air pollution enforcement personnel forces. Those enforcing any Governor's order shall require no further authority or warrant in executing same than the issuance of the order itself. Those authorized to enforce said orders may use such reasonable force as is required in the enforcement thereof, and may take such reasonable steps as are required to assure compliance therewith including, but without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the following:
(a) Entering any property or establishment whatsoever, commercial, industrial, or residential, believed to be violating said order (excepting single or double family homes or any dwelling unit within a multiple dwelling unit larger than a double family home) and, if a request does not produce compliance, causing compliance with said order;
(b) Stopping, detouring, rerouting, and prohibiting motor vehicle travel and traffic;
(c) Disconnecting incinerator or other types of combustion facilities;
(d) Terminating all burning activities;
(e) Closing down or restricting the use of any business, commercial, retail, manufacturing, industrial or other establishment. Where any person authorized to enforce such an order believes or suspects that same is being violated in a single or double family residence or within the dwelling portion of a larger multiple dwelling unit, said residence or dwelling portion thereof may be entered only upon obtaining a search warrant from any judge having power to issue same.
C.26:2C-33 Violation; penalties.
8. Any person, firm, corporation or other entity within this State which violates any Governor's order with knowledge of same, or knowingly fails to comply with the directions of those authorized by the Governor to enforce said order, or knowingly interferes with the enforcement of such an order or such directions, shall be guilty of a high misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not more than $100,000.00 or by imprisonment for not more than 10 years, or both.
9. No cause of action against the State or any person authorized by the Governor to enforce any order issued pursuant to this act for false arrests, false imprisonment, or other tort shall arise out of the good faith attempt of such person to enforce such order.
C.26:2C-35 Public hearing.
10. Any aggrieved person, firm or corporation or other entity upon application to the commissioner shall be granted a public hearing on the question of whether or not the continuance of any such order in whole or in part is unreasonable in the light of the then prevailing conditions of air pollution, the contribution to the same of any particular activity, and the purposes of this act. Said public hearing shall be conducted as quickly as possible by said commissioner who shall give public notice of same. The commissioner shall have the power to compel attendance, testimony, and the production of documents by the use of subpoena powers. The number of witnesses and the extent of testimony shall be within his control. If the commissioner, upon conclusion of such hearing, determines that any such order should be terminated, or modified in any way whatsoever, he shall report such findings and recommendations to the Governor for such action as he deems appropriate.
C.26:2C-36 Stand-by orders.
11. The commissioner shall promulgate a set of proposed stand-by orders which might be appropriate for use by the Governor upon declaration of the emergency contemplated by this act. Such stand-by control proposals, when approved by the Governor, shall be distributed to the appropriate agencies and to all commercial and industrial concerns throughout this State concerned with enforcement or impact of this act, and notice of their contents shall be given to the public. The commissioner shall promulgate arrangements for the enforcement of said stand-by orders and, upon approval by the Governor, notice of said arrangements shall also be distributed to said authorities, commercial and industrial concerns, and to the general public. Said proposed stand-by orders and arrangements shall not, however, become operative except when directed by the Governor in any order issued by him pursuant to a declaration of emergency under this act.
12. This act shall take effect immediately.
Approved June 15, 1967.