Niger Delta Ecosystems: the ERA Handbook/Prologue
1.1 THE FIRST EDITION
ERA is constantly asked for information about the Niger Delta, based upon its work in the area since 1993. Thus we are issuing a first edition of the ERA Handbook to the Niger Delta, despite the book's many imperfections. Moreover, although ERA by no means claim to have the last word on the subject of the Niger Delta, we feel we have a duty to make available all the information we have to as wide a public as we can. The aim of the book is two-fold:
- First, to enable anyone working in the Niger Delta to become confident about the ecology of the area and to feel able to make objective and scientifically secure judgements about the environmental problems which the area is facing
- Second, to present an accurate picture of the area to anyone who is interested in it, for whatever reason, and who is unable to visit.
Please bear with the numerous typographic errors and with the scarcity of illustrations.
1.2 THE ONLINE EDITION
This online edition is dedicated to the late Oronto N.Douglas of Okoroba. He insisted on facilitating the 1993 Niger Delta survey on which the handbook is based; without him, it could never have been achieved.
Oronto qualified in law in Port Harcourt, and was a founder member of ERA. He subsequently studied environmental law as a Chevening Scholar at De Montfort University, Leicester, before returning to Nigeria and becoming well known as a human rights activist in the Delta. Oronto was also a poet.
1.3 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
A great deal of participatory information was gathered during the ERA surveys of 1993 and 1994. It is hoped that all this will be included as an appendix to the second edition of the book. Meanwhile it is available on request.
1.4 SUPPORT AND ASSISTANCE
Finally, we would like to thank the following individuals and organisations: river-scouts Escort, Brownson, Clarkson and Elegy, Babatunde, Caroline Knight, Marie Bystrom, Dr. Justine Dunn, George Frynas, Liza Gadsby, Sir John Gunston, Phil and Frances Hall, Dr. Miriam Isoun, Ronnie Siakor, Prof. Turner Isoun, Tasso Leventis, Dr. Forbes McLean, Bronwen Mamby, Judy Nwonodi, Dr. Julian Caldecott, Chidi Odinkalu, Osas Osas, Laura Robinson, Chief and Mrs. S.T. Owei, County Biomoni, Goodnews Barabura, Alan Daniel, Joseph Onwukwen, Chief Fabian Ndine, Gibson Beke, Bari Kumbe, Oliver Ogbopina, Emmaneul Bonny, The West Brothers, Doris Douglas, Sammy Boy, Friends of the Earth International, The Netherlands Committee of the International Union of Nature Conservation, Pro-Natural International and many others.
1.5 THE MAPS
• Map 1 Africa 7 • Map 2 West Africa 8 • Map 3a Nigeria 9 • Map 3b The Niger Delta 10 • Map 4 Ecozones (approximate) 11 • Map 5 Oil and Gas Infrastructure 12 • Map 6 Ogoni 13 • Map 7 Botem 14 • Map 8 Anyama to Brass 15 • Map 9 Anyama 16 • Map 10 Akassa 17 • Map 11 Okoroba to Nembe 18 • Map 12 Okoroba 19 • Map 13 Port Harcourt 20
|•||Fig I||Some Root Forms||22|
|•||Fig III||Tidal Step||24|
|•||Fig IIIA||Sand Barrier Islands||25|
|•||Fig IV||Fresh-water Landscape||26|
|•||Fig V||Idealised Soil Profile||27|
|•||Fig VI||Accumulation of Oil||28|
|•||Fig VII||Diagram of an Oil Well||29|