Ohio Constitution of 1851

For works with similar titles, see Ohio State Constitution.
Constitution of Ohio  (1851) 


We, the people of the State of Ohio, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, to secure its blessings and promote our common welfare, do establish this Constitution.

Article I: Bill of RightsEdit

Section 1: Inalienable RightsEdit

All men are, by nature, free and independent, and have certain inalienable rights, among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing, and protecting property, and seeking and obtaining happiness and safety.

Section 2: Right to Alter, Reform, or Abolish Government, and Repeal Special PrivilegesEdit

All political Power is inherent in the people. Government is instituted for their equal protection and benefit, and they have the right to alter, reform, or abolish the same whenever they may deem it necessary; and no special privileges or immunities shall ever be granted, that may not be altered, revoked, or repealed by the General Assembly.

Section 3: Right to AssembleEdit

The people have the right to assemble together, in a peaceable manner, to consult for the common good; to instruct their representatives; and to petition the General Assembly for the redress of grievances.

Section 4: Bearing Arms; Standing Armies; Military PowerEdit

The people have the right to bear arms for their defense and security; but standing armies, in time of peace, are dangerous to liberty, and shall not be kept up; and the military shall be in strict subordination to civil power.

Section 5: Trial by JuryEdit

The right of trial by jury shall be inviolate, except that, in civil cases, laws may be passed to authorize rendering of a verdict by the concurrence of not less than three-fourths of the jury. lmk-1912

Section 6: Slavery and Involuntary ServitudeEdit

There shall be no slavery in this state; nor involuntary servitude, unless for the punishment of crime.