On the cultivation of the plants belonging to the natural order of Proteeae/Banksia
|Flores 2ni; in Spica densissimâ terminali. Bracteæ 3 ad singular paria, præter gemmaceas parvas, persistentes. Petala irregularia, varie coalita. Pericarpium conchæforme, 2-loculare septo dissiliente, 2-valve, lignosum. Semina 2, apice alata. Arbores Fruticesve: foliis varie inciso-dentatis, rarius integerrimis.||Flower 2 togetherl in a terminal Spike. Bractes 3 to each pair, besides gemmaceous ones, persistent. Petals irregular, cohering variously. Pericarpium like a shell, 2-locular with an elastic septum, 2-valved. Seeds 2, winged at the top. Trees or Shrubs: leaves variously dentated, seldom quite entire.|
This genus receives honour itself, rather than confers any, by perpetuating the Family name of the Rt. Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. K. B.
1. B. caule villoso: foliis 5-9 pollices longis, lineari-lanceolatis, profunde spinuloseque serratis, subtus rare tomentosis, nervo utrinque prominente: stigmate parum angulato.
B. serrata. Andr. in Bot. Rep. n. 82. cum Ic. B. serratifolia Salisb. Prodr. p. 51. Saw-leaved Banksia.
This species grows wild near Port Jackson, and is common in our collections, but very difficult to increase by cuttings, nor does it flower with us so plentifully as some others. Stem villous. Leaves 6 to 9 inches long, linear-lanceolate, deeply and spinulously serrated, hardly cottony underneath. Nerve prominent both above and below. Stigma not much angulated.
2. B. caule tomentoso: foliis 5-7 pollices longis, spatulato-lanceolatis, obtuse dentatis, subtus rare tomentosis, nervo utrinque prominente: stigmate valde angulato.
Confounded with the preceding by most authors, but the Secretary of the Horticultural Society in his Prodromus observes that they differ, nor has this to my knowledge, been yet introduced. Stem cottony. Leaves 5 to 7 inches long, spatulated-lanceolate, obtusely dentated, hardly cottony underneath. Nerve prominent both above and below. Stigma exceedingly angulated.
3. B. caule tomentoso: foliis 5-8 pollices longis, spatulato-lanceolatis, serraturis valde uncinatis, subtus tomentosis; nervo supra depresso: stigmate anguste clavato.
B. oblongifolia. Cav. Ic. v. 6. p. 28. t. 542. Hook-leaved Banksia.
I have not seen this in any collection, except the Duke of Northumberland's at Sion House. Stem cottony. Leaves 5 to 8 inches long, spatulated-lanceolate, their serratures exceedingly hooked, cottony underneath. Nerve depressed on the upper side. Stigma narrowly club-shaped.
4. B. caule tomentoso; foliis 5-7 pollices longis, spatulato-lanceolatis, spinulose serratis, subtus valde tomentosis; nervo supra depresso: stigmate late clavato.
B. præmorsa. Kenn. in Bot. Rep. n. 258. cum. Ic. B. Aspleniifolia. Salisb. Prodr. p. 51. Asplenium-leaved Banksia.
This species is seldom healthy here, and difficult to increase by cuttings. Probably, it requires room to spread its roots, for encouraged at Clapham in this way, it throve exceedingly and perfected seeds. Stem cottony. Leaves 5 to 7 inches long, spatulated-lanceolate, spinulously serrated, very cottony underneath. Nerve depressed on the upper side. Stigma broadly club-shaped. As the leaves are not more bitten off at the end than in many others, I have retained its original name.
5. B. caule tomentoso: foliis 5-9 pollices longis, obovatis, spinulose serratis, subtus tomentosis nervis valde prominentibus: stigmate angustissimo.
B. robur. Cav. Ic. v. 6. p. 29. f. 543. Dillenia-leaved Banksia.
A tree 30 feet high or more, growing wild at some distance from Port Jackson, of which seeds have lately arrived. Leaves 5 to 9 inches long, obovate, spinulously serrated, cottony underneath with very prominent nerves. Stigma very narrow.
6. B. caule decumbente: foliis 9-15 pollices longis, sinuato-pinnatifidis, teneris valde tomentosis: stigmate angustissimo.
B. repens. Labill. Voy. 1. p. 412. t. 23. Polypody-leaved Banksia. A decumbent apecies, discovered on the West coast of New Holland by Labillardiere. Leaves 9 to 15 inches long, sinuated-pinnatifid, while young cottony. Stigma very narrow.
7. B. caule rare tomentoso: foliis 2-3½ pollices longis, sæpe 3-nis, lanceolatis obcuneatisque, plerisque integerrimis, subtus tomentosis: stigmate fere cylindraceo.
B. oleaefolia. Cav. Ic. v. 6. p. 30 t. 545. B. integrifolia. Cav. Ic. v. 6. p. 30. t. 546. B. spicata. Gærtn. Fruct. v. 1. p. 221. t. 48. B. integrifolia. Linn. Suppl. p. 127. Olive-leaved Banksia.
This grows wild near Port Jackson, and has leaves of different shapes and sometimes serrated, but in general quite entire, and resemblitig those of the Olive so much, as to deceive even botanists: they are only about 2 or 3 inches long, cottony underneath. Stigma almost cylindrical.
8. B. caule tomentoso: foliis vix 1 lineam latis, 5-8 longis, linearibus, margine revolutis, integerrimis apice sæpius 2-furco: stigmate globose.
B. ericæfolia. Cav. Ic. v. 6. p. 57. t. 538. B. ericæfolia. Kenn. in Bot. Rep. n. 156. cum Ic. optimâ B. ericæfolia. Linn. Suppl. p. 127. Erica-leaved Banksia.
One of the first species introduced here from Port Jackson, often ripening seeds with us, and growing freely by cuttings. If these are taken from such branches, as have arrived at puberty, they will flower when only a foot and a half high. Stem cottony. Leaves scarcely 1 line broad, 5 to 8 long, linear, rolled back at the margin, quite entire, almost constantly 2-pronged at the top. Stigma globular.
9. B. caule pubescente: foliis 1 lineam latia, l½–2 pollices longis linearibus, margine revolutis, supra mediam spinulose serratis apica 3-firco: stigmate clavato.
This species is not less common than the former in our collections, and as easily propagated. They all succeed best with us in sandy loam well drained, but will not bear confining in small pots. Stem pubescent. Leaves 1 line broad, 1½ to 2 inches long, linear, rolled back at the margin, beyond the middle spinulously serrated, 3-pronged at the top. Stigma club-shaped.