the wrecks of the army, and prevents the Parthians from conquering Syria.
49 — 45. The civil war between Cæsar and the Pompeian party. Egypt, Mauritania, and Pontus are involved in the consequences of this war.
44. Cæsar is killed in the Capitol; the civil wars are soon renewed.
42. Death of Brutus and Cassius at Philippi.
31. Death of Antony and Cleopatra. Egypt becomes a Roman province, and Augustus Cæsar is left undisputed master of Rome, and all that is Rome's.