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FALL OF THE MUGHAL EMPIRE. 155 1751. The Rohilla insurrection crushed by the imperial troops, with the aid ol the Marathas. I 75 I_I 75 2 - Second invasion from Afghanistan by Ahmad Shah Durani, and cession of the Punjab to him. 1754. Deposition of the emperor, and accession of Alamgir II. 1756. Third invasion from Afghanistan by Ahmad Shah Durani, and sack of Delhi. 1759- Fourth invasion of Ahmad Shah Durani, and murder of the emperor Alamgir II. by his prime minister, Ghazi-ud-din. Maratha conquests in Northern India, and their capture of Delhi. 1761-1805. Third battle of Panipat, and defeat of the Marathas by the Afghans (1761). The nominal emperor on the death of Alamgir II. is Shah Alam II., who resides till 1771, at Allahabad, a pensioner of the British. The Marathas then practically become masters of the Delhi territories and of the person of the emperor. The emperor is blinded and imprisoned by rebels ; rescued by the Marathas, but virtually a prisoner in their hands till 1803, when the Maratha power is overthrown by Lord Lake. 1806-1837. Akbar II. succeeds as emperor, under British protection, but only to the nominal dignity. 1837-1862. Muhammad Bahadur Shah, the seventeenth Mughal emperor, and last of the race of Timur. For his complicity in the Mutiny of 1857 he was banished to Rangoon, where he died in 1862. Materials for Reference. The original sources for the Mughal Period are Sir Henry Elliot's eight volumes, Blochmann's Ain-i-Akbari, with Gladwin's older translation, Briggs' Firishta, and other works cited at p. 131. The popular narrative ■ is still Elphinstone's History of India. Among valuable monographs may be cited Edward Thomas's Revenue Resources of the Mughal Empire, General Cunningham's letter on Some Copper Coins of Akbar {Journal Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1885), Aurangzeb's Letters (Persian lithograph), and the biographical or autobiographical memoirs of Babar and other of the Mughal emperors, Graf Noer's Kaiser Akbar (Leiden, 1880), Erskine's History of India, <5°f., under Bdbar and Humdyiin, and the narratives of Bernier, Tavemier, and other travellers during the Mughal period. Mr. Stanley Lane-Poole's History of the Moghul Emperors of Hindustan, illus- trated by their Coins (1892), gives a correct historical outline of the period together with valuable original data. The volumes on Akbar and A urangzeb in the Rulers of India Series furnish a graphic account of the rise, the meridian and the fall of the Mughal empire.