Page:A Brief History of the Indian Peoples.djvu/231

This page needs to be proofread.

SUPPRESSION OF THE MUTINY, 1857-58. 227 on the guard around the emperor's sons, near Delhi, Hodson thought it necessary to shoot down the princes (who had been captured unconditionally) with his own hand. Oudh reduced by Lord Clyde.— After the fall of Delhi and the final relief of Lucknow, the war loses its dramatic interest, although fighting still went on in various parts of the country for about eighteen months. The population of Oudh and Rohilkhand, stimulated by the presence of the Begam of Oudh, the Nawab of Bareilly, and Nana Sahib himself, had joined the mutinous sepoys en masse. In this quarter of India alone, it was the revolt of a people rather than the mutiny of an army that had to be quelled. Sir Colin Campbell (afterwards Lord Clyde) conducted the campaign in 1 Oudh, which lasted through two cold seasons. Valuable assistance was lent by Sir Jang Bahadur of Nepal, at the head of his gallant Gurkhas. Town after town was occupied, fort after fort was stormed, until the last gun had been recaptured, and the last fugitive had been chased across the frontier by January 1859. Central India reduced by Sir Hugh Rose. — In the meanwhile, Sir Hugh Rose (afterwards Lord Strathnairn), with another army from Bombay, was conducting an equally brilliant campaign in Central India. His most formidable antagonists were the disinherited Ranf or Princess of Jh&nsi, and Tantia Topf, whose military talent had previously inspired Nana Sahib with all the capacity for resistance that he ever displayed. The princess fell fighting bravely at the head of her troops in June 1858. Tantia Topf, after doubling backwards and forwards through Central India, was at last betrayed and run down in April 1859. Summary of the Company's Charters, 1600 to 1784. — The Mutiny sealed the fate of the East India Company, after a life of more than two and a half centuries. The original Com- pany received its charter of incorporation from Elizabeth in 1600. Its political powers, and the constitution of the Indian Government, were derived from the Regulating Act of 1773, passed by the ministry of Lord North. By that statute the Governor of Bengal was raised to the rank of Governor- General; and, in conjunction with his Council of four members, p 2