Page:A Brief History of the Indian Peoples.djvu/88

This page needs to be proofread.


84 BUDDHISM. peculiar body, but in the religion of the whole Hindu people ; in that principle of the brotherhood of man, with the re-assertion of which each new revival of Hinduism starts ; in the asylum which the great Hindu sect of Vaishnavs affords to women who have fallen victims to caste rules, to the widow and the outcast ; in that gentleness and charity to all men, which take the place of a poor-law in India, and give a high significance to the half- satirical epithet of the ,' mild ' Hindu. Materials for Reference. The most convenient English summary of this subject will be found in Professor Rhys Davids' Buddhism, his Buddhist Birth-Stories, and Hibbert Lectures. Among many other works may be mentioned Bishop Bigandet's Life and Legend of Buddha (London edition, 1880) ; Spence Hardy's Manual of Buddhism (modern), and his Eastern Monachism ; Olden berg's Buddha, sein Leben (and English translation by Hoey, 1882, an admirable work) ; Rockhill's Life of the Buddha (from Tibetan sources) ; Senart's Essai sur la Llgende du Bouddha ; Beale's Catena of Buddhist Scriptures from the Chinese; Edkin's Chinese Buddhism; Childers' Dictionary of the Pdli Language (s. v. Buddho, &c.) ; General Cunningham's Ancient Geography of India, his Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum, and his other archjeological writings, of which the latest is tie Mahdbodhi, or the Great Buddhist Temple at Buddha- Gaya (1892). An interesting Buddhist magazine, entitled The Journal of the Mahdbodhi Society, is published monthly in Calcutta (1892).