parole, and at the head of a party of Frenchmen "did a good deal of harm to English commerce." He was again captured, and as his word was obviously of no value, he was sent to England, and spent some time in Portsmouth Jail. When he was released he returned to France, "vowing eternal hatred to the English," though as his French biographer owns, "his not very loyal conduct had provoked the punishment under which he groaned." He was appointed Admiral in 1763. He did not achieve any very remarkable feat in American waters, against Howe. In the Revolution he tried to "sit on the fence," but there was a short method with mugwumps in those days, and he was brought before the tribunal and condemned to death, 28th April, 1794.
Note F, page 91.
Pierre Andre de Suffren Saint-Tropez, generally called Bailli de Suffren, was one of the best and bravest sailors France ever had. He was born at St. Cannat, in Provence, 13th July, 1726, died 8th December, 1788. He opposed the English in the East, and in 1782 fought five obstinately contested naval battles with Admiral Sir Edward Hughes. Of these