Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/117

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LINING


99


LINSLEY


both parents from English stock, the representatives of which came to this country over two hundred years ago, and settled in New Jersey. He was prepared for college at the Classical Academy in Somerset County, New Jersey, graduated at Princeton, stud- ied medicine in New Yoi'k and Wash- ington at which latter city he took his medical degree. He was an honor- ary member of the Rhode Island Medi- cal Society and published numerous articles in the "American Journal of the Medical Sciences" and other medical journals; also in the "North American Review," the "Southern Literary Mes- senger," and other literary periodicals. For several years, 1839-45, he was professor of obstetrics and subsequent- ly, 1845-6, of the principles and practice of medicine in the National Medical College, District of Columbia. He was president of the Washington Board of Health for ten years and president of the American Medical Association in 1859.

He was the author of an "Essay on Origin and Introduction into Medical Practice of Ardent Spirits," Washing- ton, 1835; "Medical Science and the Medical Profession in Europe and the United States," Washington, 1840; Ad- dress before the American Medical As- Association," Philadelphia, 1859.

He died on April 28, 1889.

D. S. L.

Lamb's Hist, of the Med. Dept. of Howard Univ., Wash. D. C, 1900.

Lining, John (1708-1760).

Born in Scotland in 1708, John Lin- ing emigrated to America in 1730, settling at Charleston, South Carolina, where his skill as a physician gained him a large practice, and his scien- tific experiments a distinguished reputa- tion abroad as a philosopher as well as a physician. He experimented early in electricity and was a correspondent of Benjamin Franklin. His meteorolog- ical observations extending over the years 1738, 1739, 1740 and 1742, which


were communicated to the Royal Soci- ety of London, were probably the first ever published. In order to de- termine the loss or gain in body-weight under varying thermic and meteorolog- ical conditions he made a series of ex- periments extending through one year, carefully comparing the weight of all solids and fluids ingested, with the weight of the perspiration, urine and feces. The account of these experi- ments was published in the transactions of the Royal Society of London. In 1753 he published an accurate history of the yellow fever, "which was the first that had been given to the public from the American continent."

In 1747 he was named by the General Assembly as one of three physicians who should visit vessels entering the port and certify to the health of the crew.

In 1739 he married Sarah Hill, of Hillsboro, North Carolina, but had no children.

He died on September 21, 1760„

R. W. Jr,

History of South Carolina, Ramsay; South Carolina under the Royal Government, McCrady; An Account of the Weather and Diseases of South Carolina, Chalmers; The South Carolina Gazette, Sept. 20-27, 1760.

Linsley, John Hatch (1859-1901).

John Hatch Linsley, the son of Daniel C. and Patty Linsley, daughter of the Hon. John D. Patch, w^as born at Windsor, Vermont, May 29, 1859, and came early with his family to Burling- ton. His preliminary education was obtained there in the public schools and his medical one in Vermont Univer- sity, where he graduated in ISSO. He was associated for a short time after his graduation with Dr. S. W. Thayer and later practised himself in Burling- ton. During these early years he was instructor in laboratory chemistry in the imiversity, and later in histology and pathology.

In 1888 he went to New York, where he was appointed professor of pathology in the Post-graduate Medical School,