Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/129

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LONG


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LONGWORTH


and Wells finally seemed to lose hope, the bill before Congress was allowed to die, and it was never resurrected. In 1877 Dr. J. Marion Sims investigated the claims of Dr. Long to the discovery of anesthesia, and was convinced of their merit. He demanded their recognition by the med- ical profession, Dr. Long especially de- siring the endorsement of the American Medical Association. It was but a short time afterwards that Dr. Long died, on the sixteenth of June, 1878, in the city of Athens, Georgia, for many years the place of his residence. In 1910 an obelisk, given by Dr. L. G. Hardman, was set up in the city of Athens in memory of Long. He married, in 1842, Caroline, neice of Gov. Swain of North Carolina.

I. H. G.

Abridged from Long and His Discovery, by Dr. Isham H. (loss, Nov., 190S. Tr. Med. Ass., Georgia, Augusta, ISSl, vol. xxxii.

Vir. Med. Mon., Richmond, 1.S7S, v. There is a portrait in the 8urg.-(ien. Lib., Wash., D. C, and in Packard's Hist, of Mwl. in tlie tr. States, Phila., 1901. Medicine in America, J. G. Mumford, 190o. A Consideration of the Introduction of Sur- gical Anesthesia, William H. Welch, 19()S.

Long, David (1787-18.51).

David Long, son of Dr. David Long who came from Shelburn, Massachusetts, was born in Heljron, Washington County, New York, September 29, 1787. He was descended from David Long, who came from Scotland to Taunton, Massachusetts, in 1747. After studj'ing medicine with his uncle, Dr. John Long, of Shelburn, he afterwards graduated M. D. in New York City and came to Cleveland in June, 1810, presumably influenced by a letter written by Stanley Griswold and dated May 28, 1809. This letter is to be found in a scrap book in the Historical Society of Cleveland.

Dr. Long was a surgeon in the western army in the War of 1812. At the time of Hull's surrender it was feared that the frontier settlements would be over-run by Indians. News of the sui'render reached Dr. Long when at Black River, at what is now called Lorain. In order to protect


the settlers by bringing them early knowl- edge of this event, he rode on horseback to Cleveland, a distance of twenty-eight miles, in two hours and fourteen minutes. On another occasion, in a case of great emergency, he rode fourteen and a half miles in fifty minutes, changing horses twice. These incidents show the hard- ships surrounding pioneer life, and the energy and endurance which Dr. Long l)rought to overcome them. In 1811 Dr. Long married Julianna Walworth, daugh- ter of Judge Walworth. A son, Solon, died at the age of eighteen, and a daugh- ter, Mary Long Severance, lived in Cleve- land until the age of eighty-six, being one of the most influential women in the char- ities of Cleveland. Dr. and Mrs. Long, in addition to thier own children, adopted several others. He was highly esteemed by the foremost citizens, and his position in the community and church was an in- fluential one. He died in Cleveland on September 1, 1851, of apoplexy.

A short sketch and portrait of Dr. Long were published in the " Magazine of West- ern History," January, 1S86.

D. P. A.

Longworth, Landon Rives (1846-1879).

Landon Rives Longworth was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, December 25, 1846, the second son of Joseph and Anna Maria Rives Longworth. His mother. Miss Anna Maria Rives, was the daughter of Dr. Landon Rives, who was for many years professor of obstetrics in the Medical College of Ohio. In 1863 Landon entered Harvard College and received his A. B. in 1867. In 1868 he went to Europe to study art and worked under Hans Gude, at Carlsruhe, and became a painter of no ordinary merit.

His aim was both to cultivate his art and to bring the enjoyment of it within the reach of the people. He found, however, no encouragement. Discour- aged, he sought other fields, in which, with his wealth, he could be of the greatest benefit to humanity. The spring of 1870 found him Ijeginning to study medicine under Dr. Edward Rives, and he matricu-