Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/175

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founders of the American Phj^siologic- al Society. In 1892 he lost his wife, and his health, which had already begun to fail, gave way rapidly, so that in 1893 he found it impossible to continue his labors, and resigned his chair. He had never acquired American citizenship and he now re- turned to England, hoping to obtain improvement there and to be able to resume his investigations. But his health gradually failed, and on October 27, 1896, he was carried off by a sudden hemorrhage while living at Burley- in-Wharfedale, Yorkshire. A memorial tablet has been erected to Prof. Martin in Johns Hopkins University which commemorates "his brilliant work as investigator, teacher and au- thor," by which " he advanced knowledge and exerted a wide and enduring in- fluence." There is also an oil portrait of him there. He was somewhat under the ordinary stature and very youth- ful looking. In 1879 he married the widow of Gen. Pegram, a Confederate officer, celebrated under her maiden name of Heffie Gary as a great beauty and woman of great fascination. She was considerably older than himself. She died in 1892 without children.

E. F. G.

Nature (Lond.), Nov. 19, 1896, and Proc. Roy. Soc, vol. Lx, No. 364, Dec, 1896 for sketches by Foster. See Physiological Papers, 1895, and review by Prof. Locke in Science, Jan. 16, 1897. Also Memoir by Prof. Wm. H. Howell, 1908, Johns Hopkins Cir- cular. Cordell's Medical AnnaLs of Maryland, 1903.

Martin, Solomon Claiborne (1837-1906).

On the twenty-seventh of March, 1906 the city of St. Louis lost Prof. Solomon Claiborne Martin, dermatolog- ist, of Barnes University. His death, unexpected, did not lack a certain tragic feature, since but an hour be- fore he spoke of feeling it his duty to resume his lectures at the great in- stitution of which he was one of the founders.

He was born in Claiborne county,

Mississippi, October 26, 1837, and went to the University of Michigan, from which institution he graduated in 1859, taking his M.D. from Tulane Universi- ty in 1865.

During the Civil War he was attach- ed to the staff of Gen. Wirtz Adams' Independent Calvary Corps with the rank of major. Later he served un- der Gen. Albert Sydney Johnston and was at the side of Gen. Johnston when wounded. After exchanging the sword for the surgeon's lance, Martin spent three years in Europe at the great clinics in Heidelberg, Vienna and Paris. He was a perfect linguist, speaking fluently German and French. The writer first met the deceased through the St. Louis "Medical Era" of which the latter was editor. He contributed a large number of valuable articles to literature. Most of his contributions pertained to dermatology and syphilology. Finding that the "Medical Era" which he edited did not justify the publication of too many editorials on his favorite sub- jects, the "American Journal of Der- matology and Genito-Urinary Diseases" was established, which afterwards be- came one of the most popular special magazines in the medical world.

He was married to Miss Anna Rosa Calhoun, of Port Gibson, Mississippi, and in 1870 removed to St. Louis, where he spent the rest of his life. They had five children, the eldest son. Dr. S. C. Martin, jr., succeeded his father as editor-in-chief of the two journals in which he was assisted by his younger brother Dr. Clarence Martin, an army-surgeon.

C. M. Jour, of Physical Therapy, 1906, vol. i.

Mastin, Claudius Henry (1826-1898). This Alabama surgeon was born in Huntsville, Alabama on June 4, 1826, the son of Francis Turner, planter and Ann Elizabeth Caroline Livert. His paternal grandfather Francis Turn- er Mastin, came from Wales when