"Ligation of the Common Carotid Artery." (Ibid., n.s., vol. xviii.)
"Prophylactic Treatment of Puer- peral Fever," Charleston, South Car- oHna. ("Medical and Surgical Journal," 1851.)
"Scarlet Fever." ("Virginia Stetho- scope and Medical Gazette," vol. i, no. 2.)
"Contributions to Practical med- icine. (Ibid., August and September, 1854.)
"Prophylaxis of Traumatic Inflam- mation." (" Virginia Medical and Sur- gical Journal," vol. i.)
"Operative Surgery." (Ibid., vol. iii.)
Volume II, (no. 1) of the "Virginia Medical Monthly" contains an article on the "Prophylaxis of Childbed Fever," which was probably his last published contribution, as it appeared in April, 1875.
The only known likeness of Dr. Mettauer is a small photograph, in the possession of Dr. George Benjamin Johnston, of Richmond, Virginia.
R. M. S.
Tr. Am. Surg. Assoc, 1905. (G. B. Johns- ton) (port.)
Metz, Abraham (1S2S-1S76).
Abraham Metz, was born in Stark County, Ohio, but early in life lost both parents and was compelled to rely almost entirely upon his own exertions for a living. Nevertheless he was able by dint of perseverance to acquire sufficient elementary education to enable him to teach a district school at the age of twelve and he thus saved money enough to start him in the study of medicine. At the age of sixteen he studied medicine with Dr. Kahler in Columbia County, and soon after at- tended a course of medical lectures in the Willonghby Medical College. The outbreak of the Mexican War inter- rupted his studies and he was detailed in the position of acting surgeon. On the close of the war he returned to Ohio. Finally, he was able to attend a course of lectures in the Cleveland Medical Col- lege and to graduate there in 1848. Dr.
Metz settled finally, 1848, in Massillon, Ohio, where he made his permanent home. Fortune placed in his care an un- usual number of cases of diseases of the eye, and his success with these was such that similar cases flocked to him for treatment and finally enabled him to confine his practice entirely to ophthalmology.
In 1864 he was called to the chair of ophthalmology in the newly organ- ized Charity Hospital Medical College in Cleveland, and he continued to hold this position until his death Feb- ruary 1, 1876.
Dr. Metz was a member of the Ohio State Medical Society and present- ed to that body reports on the progress of ophthalmology in 1860, 1864 and 1865. He also published a treatise on "The anatomy and histology of the human eye." Philadelphia, 1868.
H. E. H.
Michener, Ezra (1794-1887).
Ezra Michener, botanist, was born in London Grove Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania, November 24, 1794. His parents were Mordecai and Alice (Dunn) Michener. His early education consisted of nothing beyond the rudi- ments of reading, writing and arithmetic with a smattering of book-keeping, but he had an innate fondness for plants, though at that time there had been no botanical book for beginners either written or printed in America. After working on the farm until he was twenty- one, he went to Philadelphia to study medicine, graduating from the Univer- sity of Pennsylvania in 1817. In 1816 he attended the lectures of Dr. Wm. P. C. Barton on botany, but there was still no book for beginners. Shortly after graduation he began to practise near his birthplace, hving in a log house, and several years later bought a small farm in New Garden Township, where he lived until his ninety-third year. The grounds about his house were planted with many rare trees, of which he was a great lover, and his coffin was made, by