Baltimore to America as his physician. He was educated at the schools of Charles- ton and graduated M. D. from the Medical College of the State of South Carolina in 1834, afterwards appointed assistant surgeon in the United States Army, 1835, serving at many frontier posts in Florida, and with high credit in Texas during the Mexican War, and con- tinued service after being created major at various stations in Missouri, Texas and New York. When South Carohna se- ceded from the Union, he resigned and settled in Little Rock, Arkansas, whence he was called in June, 1861, to the surgeon-generalcy of the Confederate Army. Under the stress of overwhelm- ing difficulties he organized a medical department for the Confederate armies. In 1863, at Richmond, he organized the Association of Army and Navy Sur- geons of the Confederate States and became its first president, and was also active as president in a similar associa- tion, established after the close of the war. The useful work was his of finding methods of providing the Confederate troops with medicines from the plants indigenous to the southern states. He inaugurated and directed the publication of "The Confederate States Medical Journal" from 1864 to 1865, and he adopted the one story hospital wards which became so popular in both northern and southern armies. At the close of the Civil War he remained in Richmond, not engaging in active medical practice, but interested in all pubhc affairs, and died May 31, 1889.
J. E. P.
James Evelyn Pilcher, Journal of the Asso- ciation of Military Surgeons of the United States, vol. xvi, 1905 (port.) The Surgeon-generals of the United States Army, Carlisle, Pa., 1905 (port.)
Morgan, Charles Edward (1833-1867).
Charles Edward Morgan, a native of New Orleans, Louisiana, was the son of George Morgan, a banker.
A book-worm in childhood, an enthu- siastic student of mineralogy at eleven, the possessor of a respectable cabinet of
specimens at fifteen, and the author of a work on "Natural Philosophy" at seven- teen, he had already achieved much by a jealous hoarding of time.
He gained his baccalaureate degree from Columbia College in 1854, his diploma from the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, three years afterwards.
He had seven years in Europe, con- scientiously spent in the interest of medi- cine and the collateral sciences, and on his return to New York in 1864 was given an appointment to service in the Northern Dispensary as one of the attending physicians to the class of skin diseases. Until within a few days of his death, he was revising for the press a work of his own on " Electro-physiology and Electro- therapeutics, including an account of the Electric Fishes." Here he impressed into good service his knowledge of the limner's art, in tracing upon the block many of the cuts.
To illustrate his quiet confidence, it may be worth remarking that about a year before the completion of his self- imposed task, when urged to publish through fear of anticipation, he rephed, " I have no fear of that; there are many points considered in my book which no one else will think of."
A contributor to the medical journals, but only to a Hmited extent, an excellent linguist, a critic in art with a bias for mathematics and the natural sciences, as well as a competent microscopist, science owed much to him.
He died in the thirty-fourth year of his age, of acute diarrhea and hemorrhage of the bowels, after an illness of only five days.
N. York Med. Record, 1S67, vol. ii.
Morgan, Ethelbert Carroll (1856-1891).
Ethelbert C. Morgan was born in Wash- ington, February 11, 1856, the son of Dr. James E. Morgan, one of the oldest physicians in the District.
Gonzaga College gave him his prelimi- nary education whence he graduated B. A., June, 1874. Even during boyhood