Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/242

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Nancrede, Joseph Gerrard (1 793-1 S57).

Joseph Gcrrard Nancrede was born in Boston in 1S57. His father, Paul J. G. de Nancrede, was an officer under Rochambeau. The boy had his early education in a Catholic seminary in Montreal, where he started a lifelong intimacy with Papineau, who afterwards played so conspicuous a part in Canadian poUtics. Thence he went to Paris, where he received his collegiate education and studied medicine. On returning to his native country he attended the medical lectures at the University of Pennsyl- vania, and in 1813 obtained his M. D. Thus qualified, he began to practice in Louisville, Kentucky, but soon returned to Philadelphia, where he spent the remainder of his life. In 1822 he mar- ried a daughter of Com. Truxton; her death preceded his own by eight years.

At a very early date he was associated with his elder brother. Dr. Nicholas C. Nancrede, in bringing out a translation of Legallois' "Experiments on the Prin- ciples of Life," etc.; afterwards he made a translation and abridgement of Orfila's work on "Toxicology." He wrote occa- sional papers for the medical journals; of these, one was on " Mania a Potu," in the first volume of the "Medical Recorder"; another, " An Account of the Doctrine of Fevers," by Broussais, in the eighth volume of Chapman's " Philadelphia Jour- nal." In the fourteenth volume of this work appeared his Memoir of Dr. Mon- gez; and in the sixteenth of the "Ameri- can Journal of Medical Sciences," " Ob- servations on a Case of Cesarean Opera- tion," occurring in his own practice, in which both mother and child were pre- served. He was instrumental in pro- curing the first use to be made here of Monoesia. He was also active in causing trials to be made of the sphygmometer.

and translated an account of its use and application.

Nancrede died on the second of Febru- ary, 1857, in his sixty-fourth year, of phthisis pulmonalis. He died as he lived, in the communion of the Roman Catholic Church, leaving, in default of issue, his estate to his adopted son. Dr. Samuel J. G. Nancrede.

From the N. Amer. Med.-Chir. Rev., 1857, vol. i.

Neilson, William Johnston (1854-1903).

He was born in Perth, Ontario, March 4, 1854; his father, Cornehus Neilson, emigrated from Ireland in 1818. His mother, Eleanor Moorehouse, was born in Ontario, of Irish parents.

He went as a lad to the Perth public and grammar schools, and his medical course was had in McGill University, Montreal, where he took the M. D., and C. M., in 1878, after a very brilliant career as a student.

He practised for a short time at Park- dale, Ontario, and Hastings, Minnesota, then went to Winnipeg in 1881, where he lived until his death. He was chosen professor of anatomy in Manitoba Med- ical College in 1888, and was also a mem- ber of the staff of the Winnipeg General Hospital from 1892 onwards. He died on the evening of a large political gather- ing in the Constituency of North Winni- peg of which he was elector, at the Winni- peg General Hospital, July 17, 1903, of pulmonary abscess.

A painting by V. A. Lang hangs in the library of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Manitoba, in Winnipeg.

J. H.

Newberry, John Strong (1822-1892).

John Strong Newberry, an eminent scientist of New York City, was born in Windsor, Connecticut, December 22,