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HOWARD


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HOWARD


Superior, in an open sail boat, for a camp about ten miles distant that con- tained a geological surveying party to which he desired to give instructions ere leaving for the winter. His work kept him in the camp till after dark, when a storm threatened that proved to be snow accompanied by a very high wind. There were four rowers, the doctor holding the rudder, his faithful dog, Meemee, a black and white spaniel, being at his feet. The violence of the storm increased and the waves rolled higher and higher; on rounding a point they could see the light at the harbor. "Pull away, my boys, we shall soon be there; pull steady and hard." But an enormous wave capsized the boat and all went under. The doctor was raised from the water by his trusty friend Peter McFarland. "Chng to the keel, doctor," he cried. "Never mind me," said Houghton, "go ashore if you can; be sure I'll get ashore all right without aid." Very soon the boat was righted and all clambered on board, but another large wave capsized it again. They were now but two hundred yards from shore, but all were about exhausted from cold and fatigue. Two of the five men managed to reach shore, but three, including Dr. Houghton, sank and did not rise.

L. C.

History University of Mich., Ann Arbor, Univ. Press, 1906.

Appleton'3 Cyclopedia of Amer. Biography. Boston Med. and Surg. Jour., vol. iii. Mich. Pioneers and Historical Collection, vol. xxii.

Life by Alvah Bradish, Detroit, Raynor and T.aylor, 1889.

A portrait by Alvah Bradish is in the Univer- sity of Michigan Library.

Howard, Edward Lloyd (1837-1881).

Edward Lloyd Howard, physiologist and medico-jurisprudentist, was born in Baltimore, January 14, 1837 under the "Star Spangled Banner," for his maternal grandfather was Francis S. Key, who wrote this, and his father's father was Col. John Eager Howard,


who distinguished himself at the Bat- tle of Cowpens during the Revolution.

The boy received a liberal training at home by means of private tutors and in 1857 he began to study medicine under Dr. Charles Frick, later attend- ing the University of Maryland, where he took his medical degree in 1861.

Excited by the great riot in the streets of Baltimore, which occurred on April 19, ISGl, Dr. Howard at once, without one day of medical practice in- tervening, enrolled himself as a private in the Maryland Guard. All through the war he served, on the Confederate side, first as a combatant, then in a surgical capacity. When Lee surren- dered at Appomattox Court House, Dr. Howard was paroled and returned to Baltimore.

In 1868 he was appointed lecturer on anatomy in the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery and in 1869 became there professor of the same subject. A year later, in connection with Dr. Thomas Latimer, he founded the "Baltimore Medical Journal." In 1872 he was appointed lecturer on physiology in the Baltimore College of Physicians and Surgeons, and in 1873 professor of anatomy and clinical professor of ner- vous diseases in the same institution. In 1874 he relinquished these chairs for the chair of physiology. Always a deep student of matters connected with legal medicine, he was, in 1872, appoint- ed secretary of the section on "Psy- chology and Medical Jurisprudence" of the American Medical Association. He wrote a few papers on lego-medical subjects, the most important of which is "The Legal Relations of Emotional Insanity," which he read before the Society in 1874, and was appointed, in 1874, a committee of one to engineer the passage of a law establishing a State Board of Health in Maryland which he did successfully in the same year.

Dr. Howard was a fluent and copious talker, and was fond of society, in which he was very popular indeed. At the