Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/357

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REYNOLDS


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RICE


study of this group which first brought him to the academy and he was the author of a number of species, which ow- ing to his extreme conservatism, will doubtless continue to bear his name. His collection of myxomycetes, presented by his sister, is in the Academy of Nat- ural Science, Philadelphia, but he was also an ardent admirer of everything beautiful in microscopic nature. As a faithful and tireless worker he inspired his co-laborers and as a medical practi- tioner for twenty-five years in Philadel- phia, earned the gratitude of high and low.

During the Civil War he acted as engineer in the United States Navy. He died suddenly on the morning of Feb- ruary, 1895 of heart trouble.

His writings included: " Siphopty- chium Casparyi." "Botany Gazette," ix-x. "The Myxomycetes.""" Ibid," ix- X. " On the Genus Lindbladia." " Bot- any Gazette, ibid," vxi. "New Ameri- can Myxomycetes." "Proceedings of Academy of Natural Science," Philadel- phia, 1891. "New North American Myxomycetes," ibid, 1893. "Notes on Cribraria minutissima and Licea minima. "Botanical Gazette," xix. "The Band- ed-spore Trichias.'" "Journal of Mycol- ogy," ii. J. W H.

The Botanist.s of Philadelphia, J. W. Harsh- berger, 1899.

Reynolds, Edward ( 1 793-1 8S1).

Edward Reynolds was born in Boston, February, 1793, and graduated in arts in 1811 at Harvard College, afterwards studying medicine for several years under Dr. John Collins ^\'arren. In London he studied under Abernethy, Astley Cooper, and William Lawrence (on the eye), and in Paris under Bichat and Dupuytren, devoting himself on his return to America chiefly to general and ophthalmic surgery. In 1824, with John Jeffries, he founded a dispensary, which a few years later developed into the Massachusetts Chari- table Eye and Ear Infirmary, and he served the institution continuously until 1870. Elected an honorary member of


the American Ophthalmological Society at its inception, he was one of the foun- ders of the Tremout Medical School, and professor of surgery in this institution.

He died at the end of his eighty-ninth year, 1881, in Boston. H. F.

Hulibell's "Development of Ophthalmol- ogy, etc."

Boston Mctl. and Surg. .Journal, 1882, vol. cvi.

Rice, Ebenezer (1740-1822).

Ebenezer Rice was one of those inter- esting medical characters who flourished previous to the Revolution, and also one of those who were made or marred by their own actions during that period. Born about 1740, he graduated at Har- vard in the class of 1760, studied medi- cine with some Massachusetts practi- tioner, and settled in Wells in 1763, and gradually obtained a good practice, but some said that although he had first-rate luck with his patients it was because they suggested to him what they would like to take.

He was an honest, kind, fatherly sort of a physician, but he should have been a clergyman, for in the church and in his position as deacon, he was at home. He was at church invariably, and there everything went well, and it was his guidance, and his money, and the money that he persuaded out of other people that kept the old church in rejiair and built a new one later on.

This official sort of a position, as a head of the church finally brought other offices, and we find him in May, 1773 on the Committee of Correspondence with the other colonies, when taxes from England were heavily increasing. For a while Dr. Rice held up his head as a brave and valiant member, then he began to vacillate, finally to side secretly with the British, and at a stormy meeting of the Committee, he was asked to apologize for his Toryism.

Concerning this meeting we can per- haps understand why men's tempers were high that night in 1774, when we know that during the meeting the twenty-