are not 'Kitchemokomans' (Americans) but 'Sagenash' (English) who have passed this trail for years in peace." Yet it became apparent tliat tlu' Indians would have to be convinced of these assertions if these two travellers were to leave the spot alive, and the slight knowl- edge of the Indian language possessed by the doctor's compaiuon, with a f<nv phials of medicine and a pocket surgical case were now useil in this behalf. The "barricade" engaged not to fire if the chief would send one of his braves across the ford to examine and report. The "Elm Tree" engaged on behalf of his followers to let the travellers pass if the envoy's examination was satisfactory. The young Indian brave, with full war paint and more feathers than clothes, came over, and his quick eye took note that the trappings and equipage were of St. Paul make, l)ut the sight of the rows of bottles and curious surgical instru- ments seemed to satisfy the warrior, who returned to his band, and after a hurried consultation the "Elm Tree" announced that they " will come over and shake their English brothers' hands." The hand- shaking over, the two hosts entertained their guests in such royal style that they were in danger of leaving themselves hungry for ten days. As they were about to proceed on their way the chief gave them an invitation, that sounded more like a command, to spend the night at his camp some four miles away. Of neces- .sity the invitation was accepted and a tent was assigned to the two travellers. All night long they lay awake to hear conversations in a nearby " tepee" during which frequent references were made to "Segenash" and " Kitchemokomans." In the morning a squaw who was suffer- ing from smoke irritated eyes, and who had received an ointment in the evening, ing, was considerably improved. The Indians were now thoroughly convinced, and the chief displayed the medal his grandfather had received from George the III; the squaws l>rought corn for their horses and pounded maize and fish for the travellers. Their journey was
tiien continued and they reacheil their destination without further molestation.
I'urliiunentary Companion, 1890. The mak- iiiK of the Canadian West, 1898. Three paintings are in po.sses.'^ion of Lady Sohiiltz, two !)>■ Forbes and one by H.atch, .and a portrait hangs in Government house, VVinne- peg.
Schuppert, Moritz (1817-1887).
Moritz Schuppert, surgeon, was born in Marburg, Germany, in 1817, where he received a good education, studied medi- cine, married, and then came to New Orleans. Poor and unfriended but en- dowed with great native ability and a knowledge of the science of medicine far in advance of that possessed by most American physicians of that day, these advantages soon made tliem^selves felt. In 1853 he distinguished him.self in the yellow-fever epidemic and became visit- ing surgeon to the Charity Hospital, where for years he continued to serve with enthu.siasm and exactnes.«». In 1854 he was city physician; in 1859 he estab- lished in conjunction with Dr. Choppin, an orthopedic institute. He rapidly rose to be one of the most prominent surgeons and citizens of the city. He performed many surgical operations, was skillful in the treatment of deformities, a vigorous writer, a thinker and an inspirer of thought in his associates. His biogra- pher compares him to the Luther of his native home, stern, simple, outspoken, rugged. A lover of candor, a hater of meanness, of rough exterior and tender heart, a loyal friend, a strong man.
He died May 2, 1887.
His contributions to literature add many valuable pages to the " New Orleans Medical and Surgical Journal," and are, notably: "Facial Neuralgia;" "Vesico- Vaginal Fistula;" "Biniodide of Mercury in Syphihs;" Resuscitation from Death by Chloroform" "Excision of Entire Scapula with Preservation of a Useful Arm (1870);" "Penumatometry: Results of Lister's Antiseptic Treatment of Wounds in German Hospitals and Re- marks on the Theory of Septic Infection"