Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/422

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SHRADY


SHUMARD


known in its columns durinp; the War of Secession. Then ho founded and became editor-in-chief of the "Medical Record." His leaders were much appreciated in the States and their influence was felt in the medical world. He was one time surgeon to the Presbyterian Hospital, New York, and member of the chief New York medical societies. In ISGO he married Mary, daughter of John Lewis of Ulster County, New York, and died on the twenty-ninth of November, 1907, in the City of New Y'ork. A short list of his writings shows the journalist-surgeon to have done good work:

"Ligation of the Lingual Artery near Its Origin, as a Preliminary Procedure in the Extirpation of Cancer on Diseases of the Tongue," 1878; "A New Subcutane- ous Saw, Knife and Bone Rasp," 1879; " The Curved Flap in Plastic Operations on the Face," 1879; "Reproduction of the Shaft of tlie Humerus, after Excision for Acute Necrosis," 1880; " Intraparietal Hernia," 1881; "Surgical and Patho- logical Reflections on Pres. Garfield's Wound," 1881; "Removal of the Large Nasopharyngeal Tumor, with Extensive Attachments to Base of Skull; an Expected Brain CompHcation; Death," 1882; " Successful Tracheotomy for Diph- theritic Croup in a Child Eleven Months Old," 1882; "Case of Strangulated Hernia with Remarks on Treatment," 1884; "The Surgical and Pathological Aspects of Gen. Grant's Case," 1895; " The Curabihty of Cancer by Operation," 1887; "Some Observations on Cancer of the Breast," 1892; "Operative Relief for Deformity after Pott's Fracture," 189.3; "A Simple Method of Closing Large Operation Wounds by Sliding Skinflaps," 1893; "Dr. J. Marion Sims, Surgeon and Philanthropist," 1894; " Shock in Modern Surgery," 1889; "Early Diagnosis of Mammary Tumors," 1901; "Hip and Thigh Amputation for Sarcoma of the Femur," 1904., etc.

D. W.

Revue de Chir., Jan. 10, 1908. Boston M. .and S. J., 1907, ohiii. Med. Rec, X. Y., 190", Ixxii.


Shuler, Lawrence S. (1790-1827).

Lawrence Shuler, a noted Indiana sur- geon, was born in New York State in 1790 and graduated M. D. from the Col- lege of Physicians and Surgeons, New York. A scientific and skillful surgeon, man}- o[)erations, more difficult in those days, were <.U)ne l)y him. He operated on a little girl of eleven for congenital blindness with perfect success, and removed a very large abdominal tumor from a woman seven months' pregnant. One case was that of a false joint in a man who had had his humerus fractured; Shuler followed the practice of Charles Bell and Physick and nine months after a complete union was formed. His fellow townsmen predicted a great career for their clever young surgeon, but he caught cold while visiting Annapo- lis one winter and tuberculosis super- vened and finally killed him. He was twice president of the Indiana State Medical Society.

The Med. Hist, of Indiauii. Kemper.

Shumard, Benjamin Franklin (1820-

18(39).

Benjamin Franklin Shumard was born in 1820 and graduated in 1841, and shortly after he received his degree, began practice in the country at some distance from Louisville.

The frequent and prolonged excur- sions which this enthusiast made around Louisville and into the interior of Ken- tucky soon resulted in a large and interesting collection of prehistoric re- mains, which in due time were syste- matically arranged and described; and as not a few of these specimens were unknown, his fellow-naturalists, as a just tribute to his labors and researches, be- stowed upon them the name of their dis- coverer, a practice usual with scientists.

Dr. David Dale Owen, engaged in the geological survey of the Northwestern Territories, under the direction of Con- gress, selected as his assistant the young scientist, whose fitness for the position had been shown by his previous labors. Conjointly with his friend, the late Prof.