Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/456

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on November 27, 1SS9, at his home in Elmira.

Trans. Med. Soc. State of N. York. 1890 (W 111. C. Wey).

Staples, Franklin (1833-1904).

Franklin Staples was one of the best known anil most generally respected physicians in j\Iinnesota, and through his writings, especially upon subjects relating to the history of medicine, his name was known throughout the country.

Born in Raymond (now Casco), Cumberland County, Maine, November 9, 1S33, he began to study medicine under Dr. C. S. D. Fessenden, of Portland, Maine, in 1855, and attended lectures at Bowdoin College in 1856. He was head instructor of the old Center Grammar School, Portland, Maine, for some four years, but upon his retirement entered the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, and graduated in March, 1862, subsequently being appointed demonstrator of anatomy in the medical department of Bowdoin College.

In the summer of 1862 he established himself as a general practitioner in Winona and married, June 4, 1863, Helen M. Harford, of Portland.

Dr. Staples was one of the founders of the Winona Preparatory Medical School. In 1871 he was elected president of the Minnesota State Medical Society. From 1883 to 1887 he held the chair of the practice of medicine in the medical department of the University of Minne- sota.

His writings on medical and surgical subjects have from time to time been published in scientific and professional journals, and from their marked ability, attracted the attention of the medical profession. Among the first of his writings in this line was his report on "The Influence of Climate on Pul- monary Diseases in Minnesota," and "A Report on Diphtheria," "The Treatment of Fracture of the Femur," besides many other articles pertaining to medicine and surgery, and particularly to the history of medicine. B. F.

Staughton, James Martin (1S00-1S33).

Born in Bordentown, New Jersey, in 1800, he was the son of the Rev. William Staughton, a most distinguished Baptist divine, of Coventr}', England, who came to America in 1793, and of Maria Hanton Staughton. He received his education in Philadelphia and while still a boy gave lectures on chemistry in the Female Seminary in Bordentown, which school his father kept. He graduated from Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, in 1821, and after graduation practised for a short time in Philadelphia, but moved to Washington, District of Columbia, where his father was placed at the head of an institution in that city. Staughton was soon appointed professor of chemistry in Columbia College and when the medical department was added was made professor of surgery. In pre- paring for this position he spent two years in Europe.

In the spring of 1831 an attempt was made to establish in Cincinnati a medical department of Miami University, and Dr. Staughton was elected professor of surgery. Before the beginning of the first session, this school was united with the Medical College of Ohio, and Staugh- ton held the same chair. In 1832 Cin- cinnati was visited by the cholera and he was stricken vdth the disease when it re- appeared in 1833. He married in 1828, Mrs. Louisa Patrick of England and had five children. A. G. D.

Steams, Henry Putman (1828-1905).

Born in Sutton, Massachusetts, April 28, 1828 of a family prominent in the history of Massachusetts since 1630, his preparatory studies were at Yale College which he entered in 1849, and from which he received the degree of A. B. in 1853. He received his medical education at Yale and Harvard and was made an M. D. at the former in 1855. He went for post- graduate study in the same year to Edinburgh and became an interne in the Royal Infirmary, later studying in Paris and returning to America in 1857. He settled at Marlboro, Massachusetts and