Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/464

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STEWART


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STEWART


His most lengthy contributions to medical literature are articles on "Dis- eases of the Stomach," in Hare's " System of Practical Therapeutics;" Diseases of the Spinal Cord," in Loomis' "System of Practical Medicine;" "Diseases of the Kidneys and Lithuria," in Keating's "Cyclopedia of Diseases of Children," and "Diseases of the Stomach," in Sajous' "Cyclopedia." His most im- portant papers were on " Some Phases of Gallstone Disease;" on "Primary Tuber- culosis of the Kidney with Special Reference to a Primarj Miliary Form," and the three already noted in which he called attention to a condition which had been unnoted in medical literature.

D. W. Trans. Coll. Phys., Phila., 1906, vol. .xxviii.

Stewart, Jacob Henry (1829-1884).

Jacob Henry Stewart was born at PeekskUl, New York, January 15, 1S29, and attended Phillips Academy in his native town, entering Yale College later. He graduated in medicine at the Univer- sity of the City of New York in 1851, and from that date until 1855 practised with his father. Dr. Phylander Stewart, at Peekskill. In May, 1855, his health being impaired, he came to St. Paul, Miimesota. Through his skill and learn- ing he soon gained a leading position and in 1856 was appointed physician of Ramsey County, and in 1857 elected state senator. He received his com- mission as surgeon of the First Minnesota Regiment, from Gov. Alexander Ramsey, April 29, 1861. Dr. Stewart was cap- tured at the first battle of Bull Run, while in the act of attending a wounded Confederate soldier. He was roughly handled by some of the members of the famous Virginia Black Horse Cavalry, but proved such a good fellow, that they afterwards did well by him. He estab- lished a field hospital at Bull Run in Sudley Church, using the pews as beds, and the pulpit (with one of the church doors on its top) as an operating table. He was sUghtly but painfully wounded in the foot, when the engagement opened,


but worked unremittingly, until taken prisoner. Dr. Stewart remained in attendance upon the wounded on the battlefield, when he might have escaped with the retreating troops, and was detained a prisoner at Libby Prison. His skillful care of the wounded doubtless saved many lives and he was treated with marked consideration by the Con- federates during his captivity, as they allowed him to look after the suiTering soldiers. When Surg. Stewart was ex- changed, and parolled at Richmond, Virginia, Gen. P. T. Beauregard called him to him, and asked if he had a son — upon receiving an affirmative reply, the general returned the doctor's sword (which had been taken from him) saying: " when your son is old enough, to under- stand, give him this, and tell him. Gen. Beauregard gave back his father's sword, in recognition of his bravery, in remaining at his post of duty, when the Union Army retreated." Dr. Stewart did not return to his regiment, as his place was filled before he was released.

Gov. Alexander Ramsey, upon Dr. Stewart's return to St. Paul, appointed him surgeon-general of the state of Minnesota, which office he filled during the remaining mustering of troops.

In 1864, although a Republican, he was elected mayor of the Democratic city of St. Paul. In 1879, he was sur- veyor-general of Minnesota, a position he retained for four years. He died on August 25, 1884.

Dr. Stewart married on October 1, 1857, Miss Katharine Sweeny of Phila- delphia, Pennsylvania. Three children survived them; Mrs. Charles A. Wheaton, Dr. J. H. Stewart and Robert D. Stewart.

B. F.

Stewart, James (1799-1864).

James Stewart was the son of Charles Stewart, a wealthy merchant of New York City, and was born April 7, 1799. He began life as a wholesale druggist in Maiden Lane, New York, afterwards studying medicine and graduating from