Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/490

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Dr. James A. Washington, introduced to the medical profession in the New York Dispensary the hypodermic treatment by morphia. The story of his Hfe might seem uneventful but he did earnestly and honestly much of the foundation work on which the success of medical science depends. On October 30, 18S9, he died in New York.

Among his appointments were: presi- dent of New York County Medical Soci- ety; vice-president and fellow of New York Academy of Medicine; president obstetrical section of the Academy of Medicine; vice-president American Gyne- cologists; honorary member Medical Society of Christiana; physician Belle vue Hospital.

His numerous articles included : " Cases of Diseases Peculiar to Females and Nervous Diseases," 1841; "Rheumatism of the Uterus and Ovaries," 1845; " Labor with Ante version of Uterus in that State," 1856; "Mechanism of Spontaneous Ac- tion of Uterine Inversion," 1872, etc.

A list is given in the "Transactions

New York Medical Association," 1890,

vol. vii.

Am. J. Obstet., N. Y., 1S90, vol. xxiii

(W. T. Lusk).

Gaillard's Med. J.. N. Y., 1890, vol. 1 (J.


Med. and Surg. Reporter, Phila., 1866, vol.


Taylor, John Winthrop (1817-1886).

John Winthrop Taylor, surgeon-gene- ral of the United States Navy, was the son of Charles Williams Taylor, of New York, and Cornelia, daughter of Francis Bayard Winthrop and prepared for college at Mr. Sears' school in Princeton, New York, graduating from Princeton College. He studied medicine with Dr. Thomas Harris, of the navy, in Phila- delphia, and took his medical degree from the University of Pennsylvania. He entered the naval service as assistant- surgeon on March 7, 1838, and was pro- moted to the rank of surgeon, May 1, 1852, serving as surgeon on the Pensa- cola. West Gulf Blockading Squadron from 1861-63, as fleet surgeon of the

Gulf Squadron from 1866-67, as fleet surgeon, north Pacific Squadron 1867-69. He was appointed surgeon-general of the navy, October 21, 1878, and retired August 19, 1879, having reached the age of sixty-two years. Sur.-Gen. Taylor died almost instantly in Boston, January 19, 1880. He married in 1842, but had no children.

C. A. P. Tr. Am. M. Asa.. 1882, xxxiii.

Taylor, Robert WUliam (1842-1908).

Robert William Taylor was born at Coventry, England, August 11, 1842. His family came to the United States in 1850; and his father who died soon after arriving in America, was an Oxford graduate and had had considerable means.

Dr. Taylor had good educational advantages until he was fourteen years, then, so that he might not be a burden on his widowed mother, he left school and entered the employ of a retail drug- gist; his ability was such that at the early age of twenty-one he was placed in full charge of one of the largest retail drug stores in New York City.

But the wish to follow a profession more in keeping with the traditions of his family made him enter as student under Dr. Willard Parker and he graduated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1868, when he settled in New York City, and for the first few years devoted him- self to general practice. Early in his career becoming acquainted with Dr. Freeman J. Bumstead, which association turned his attention from general prac- tice to the study of skin, venereal and genito-urinary diseases.

In 1871, only three years after gradu- ation, he published a paper on " Dactyli- tis Syphilitica" which was of such signal merit that it attracted widespread attention, and at once placed him in the front rank of medical observers.

In 1879, in collaboration with Dr. Bumstead, he published a notable text- book, "The Pathology and Treatment of Venereal Diseases." This book ran