Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/557

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membership in the Geological Society of London ; Isis Gesellschaft f iir Naturkunde, Dresden, Saxony; the R. Accademia Valdarnese del Poggio, Montevarchi, Italy; the k. k. Geologische Reichsan- stalt, Vienna, Austria; the Kaiserliche Leopoldinisch-Carolinisch. Deutschen Akademie der Naturforscher, Halle, on the Saale.

An annotated list of his papers was published in Bulletin thirty of the United States National Museum in 1885, a continuation of it in the "Proceedings" of the same, vol. xx., in 1897, some 220 in all. They embrace subjects pertaining to geology, paleontology, zoology, botany, anthropology, local history, medicine and domestic science. M. B.

Science, vol. xxxii., n. s., 1910.

White, Frances Emily (1832-1903).

Frances Emily White was graduated from the Woman's Medical College of Philadelphia in 1872, and appointed demonstrator in anatomy and instructor in physiology in her alma mater, being promoted in 1876 to the professorship of physiology, a position held until ill health forced her to resign in 1903.

Dr. White was widely known through- out the United States. A woman of scientific mind, clear headed, and logical she also had the quality of making her students reach to the standard set for them. She was one of the first women to lecture before the Franklin Institute of Philadelphia and was delegate to the International Medical Congress in Berlin in 1890, being the first woman to act in that capacity. She was a member of the Philadelphia County Medical Society.

She died at Jamaica Plain, Massachu- setts, December 29, 1903.

Dr. White wrote frequently on scien- tific subjects. Some of the more import- ant writings being:

"Woman's Place in Nature." ("Pop- ular Science Monthly," 1875.)

"Persistence of Individual Conscious- ness.' '("Pennsylvania Monthly," 1878.) Also, contributions to the "International Journal of Ethics." Vol. II— .32


"Relations of the Sexes." ("West- minster Review," 1879.)

"Protoplasm." ("Popular Science Monthly," 1883-84.)

" Blood, is it a Living Tissue?" (" New York Medical Record," vol. xxxiii, 1883.)

"Matter and Mind." ("Popular Sci- ence Monthly," 1887.)

"Hygiene as a Basis of Morals." ("Popular Science Monthly," 1889.)

A. B. W.

Woman's Medical Journal, Toledo., May, 1904. (Kliza H. Root.) Personal Information.

White, James Piatt (1811-1881).

Of Puritan ancestry, descendant of one Peregrine White, the first child born in the Plymouth colony, he was the son of David Pierson White and born on March 14, 1811, at Austerlitz, Columbia County. With a fair classical education he at- tended medical lectures at Fairfield, New Jersey and Jefferson Medical College, tak- ing his degree from the latter in 1834 and the next year marrying Marj' Elizabeth, daughter of Henry F. Penfield New York. Practice came to him before gradu- ation in the shape of a cholera epidemic at Black Rock, Buffalo, an emergency doctor being required. The establishment of the medical school in Buffalo was largely due to his exertions and his work as professor of obstetrics and gynecology went on un- til his death. He was the first to intro- duce into the states the custom of clinical illustration of labor and the innovation roused a storm of abuse from the enemies of the college and in the medical and lay press. Dr. White being obhged to bring a suit for libel in self defence, which suit he gained. One of his important improve- ments in obstetrics was the re.storation of the inverted uterus in cases where this condition had existed for a long period, even for fifteen or twenty-five years. Two of his cases were reported before the first publication by Tyler Smith of London, on behalf of whom priority has been claimed. As an ovariotomist he was very expert, doing