Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/56

This page needs to be proofread.


JAMESON


40


JEFFRIES


of character. The trouble arose from the attempt to cstabhsh a second medical school in Baltimore and the envy and ill-will thereby engendered. The report gives interesting details of some of Jameson's great and orig- inal operations. The cases mentioned are: 1. Extirpation of upper jaw, with preliminary ligation of the carotid artery, 1820. It was the first time the operation had ever been perform- ed and was a complete success, the patient being in good health at the time of the trial. 2. A case of lithotomy in which a hard fibro-carti- laginous tumor just within the neck of the bladder produced a grating sensa- tion on passing the catheter simulating that caused by a stone in the bladder.

3. Removal of a scirrhus of the uterus, the first done in America.

4. A large tumor of the neck in which an exploratory trocar was in- troduced. 5. Attempted ovariotomy, etc. The result was that Hintze was fined and Jameson completely vindi- cated.

From 1S29 to 1832 Dr. Jameson published a quarterly journal en- titled the "Maryland Medical Re- corder," and in this and the "American Medical Recorder" his numerous papers and reports of operations appeared. In 1817 he published two lectures on "Fevers in General," pp. 48, and a work, "American Domestick Medicine," pp. 161 (second edition 1818). His work on cholera has already been mentioned, "A Treatise on Epidemic Cholera," Philadelphia, 1854, pp. 286.

He W'as twice married, first in 1797 to Catherine Shevell, of Somerset County, Pennsylvania, by whom he had nine children. She died in 1837 and late in life he married a widow Ely, who survived him but had no children. His sons were all physicians and died early leaving no descendants.

E. F. C.

Cordell's Med. Annals of Maryland, 1903

(port).

Am. Med. Recorder, Phila., 1829, vol. xv.


Jay, John Clarkson (1807-1891).

John Clarkson Jay, son of Peter Augustus Jay and grandson of John Jay, died at his home, "Rye," at Rye, Westchester County, November 15, 1891, in his eighty-four year, the immedi- ate cause being senile gangrene. He graduated from Columbia College in 1827, and the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, in 1830, and served in New York Hospital the usual term. Upon his marriage with Laura Prime, daughter of Nathaniel Prime, a well-known banker, he left his practice and for a short time engaged in the banking business, but soon retired from both business and professional pursuits to live at his country seat, " Rye," where 400 acres gave him ample occupation.

Jay was well known in the scientific world as a speciahst in conchology. His wonderful collection of shells, for many years the most noted in the United States, is now owned by the American Museum of Natural History, and is known as the Jay Collection. These shells were gath- ered during the expedition to Japan under the command of Commodore Matthew C. Perry. They were sub- mitted to Dr. Jay, who wrote articles on them which appeared in the govern- ment reports. He was also the author of "A Catalogue of Recent Shells," pub- lished in 1835; "Description of New and Rare Shells," and of later editions of his "Catalogue," in which he enumerated about 11,000 well-marked varieties and about 7,000 well-established species.

Dr. Jay was for many years a trustee of Columbia College and for ten years a trustee of the College of Physicians and Surgeons. He was actively interested in founding the Lyceum of Natural History, now the New York Academy of Sciences, and was its treasurer from 1836 to 1843. One son, Dr. John C. Jay, Jr., and four daughters survived him.

Med. Record, New York, 1892-3, vol. xxx

Jeffries, John (1796-1876).

John Jeffries, son of Dr. John Jeffries, a distinguished physician of Boston,