Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/586

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WOOD


524


Bacon Wood is known as a rather uncommon man, a puzzle to the ordinary' mortal, a delight to his intellectual equals. Dignified, somewhat formal, loving books and science more than society, giving loyally of his substance to men and institutions in need.

His family came over from Bristol, England, in 16S2 and George was born at Greenwich, a small village in New Jersey, March 12, 1797, his father, a prosperous farmer there and able to give him a good education. He studied medicine under Dr. Joseph Parrish and when made professor of materia medica and phar- macy at the University of Pennsylvania he characteristically spared nothing that would make his teaching clearer. A large conservatory in his garden furnished medicinal plants, native and exotic, and he spent $20,000 on diagrams, casts and models. Such efforts to instruct had never been known before in this country. In the University of Pennsylvania he established at an expense of $50,000 what is known as the auxiliary depart- ment for instruction in botany, chemistry, geology, mineralogy and zoology. To the College of Physicians he gave his library and $15,000. Though adding nothing new to our knowledge of the nature and treatment of disease he wrote and taught with such fidelity, such scru- pulous exactness, with such reprimanding of slovenly work and recognition of effort that hundreds of students incurred a debt of gratitude. He was one of the mo.st voluminous medical writers of the age. The first edition of his big " Dis- pensatory," written with Franklin Bache, appeared in 1833, and with the assistance of his nephew he lived to revise the fourteenth edition. His other two large works mentioned at the end of this sketch both reached many editions, his "Practice of Medicine" being largely used as a text-book in some of the Eng- lish and Scotch schools. Most of his writing was done in the small hours, he often working till four in the morning.

For some months before his death he became unwieldly and was obliged to


WOOD

keep his bed. He died at his house in Arch Street, on March 30, 1879, aged eighty-two, his wife having died twelve years before; children he had none.

He was the author of many works which rendered good service; among them may be noted: "The Dispensatory of the United States" written in con- junction with Dr. Franklin Bache, 1833; " A Treatise on the Practice of Medicine," 1847; "A Treatise on Therapeutics and Pharmacology," 1856; "History of the Pennsylvania Hospital;" History of the University of Pennsylvania;" "History of Christianity in India."

He was A. B., University of Pennsyl- vania, 1815 and M. D., 1818; LL. D., Princeton, 1858; professor of chemistry in the Philadelphia School of Pharmacy from 1822-1831 ; of materia medica from 1831-35; professor of the same in the University of Pennsylvania, 1835-1850; of the theory and practice of medicine at the same, 1835-59; president of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia for thirty-four years; president of the American Medical Association.

D. W.

Sketch in Dr. S. D. Gross's Autobiography.

Am. J. M. Sc, Phila., 1879, n. s., Ixxviii

(W. S. W. R.).

Med. Rec, N. Y., 1879. vol. xv.

Proc. Am. Phil. Soc, Phila., 1880, vol. xix

(H. Hartshorne).

Tr. Am. M. Ass., Phila., 1879, vol. xxx

(J. H. Packard).

Tr. Coll. Phys., Phila., 1881, 3 s., vol. xxv,

Ixxvi. (S. Littell.)

Wood, Isaac (1793-1868).

His father Samuel Wood came to New York in 1803 with his wife, Mary Searing and ten children and opened a bookstore where three more editions of the parent volume appeared, Isaac being the fourth son and sixth child of the original ten. Four of his brothers helped the father enlarge the business into a publishing house and printed the American edition of the "Medico-chirurgical Journal" and the "Medical Record."

Isaac was born in Clinton Town, Nine Partners, Dutchess County, New York State, on August 21, 1793, and attended