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JOYNES

For a time, while in Dublin, he devoted himself to medical practice, as far as it came to him, and to medical study while still continuing to devote himself to liter- ature. For a time he was professor of English literature at the preparatory college of the Catholic University in DubUn.

He seems to have realized that the opportunities open to him in Ireland were rather limited, in his profession at least, and accordingly when about thirty-five he came to this country and settled in Boston, and it was not long before he had acquired a good practice, when he set himself once more to the cultivation of literature. His first ven- ture of any ambition was a volume of " Ballads, Songs and Romances." In the meantime he had written a prose work called " Legends of the Wars in Ireland." Some of these charming old poetic leg- ends introduce historical matter of con- siderable importance. On the other hand some of them reflect his professional interest. "Rosaline, the White" for in- stance is the kind of pseudo-medical story with which Conan Doyle began his career as a writer of fiction. Joyce's real triumph as a literary man did not come until the publication of "Deirdre, an Irish Epic." About three years after " Deirdre" a second long poem entitled "Blanid" was published. This was his last work. It was published in 1879, when its author was in his fifty- second year, and further works of even higher order were confidently anticipated from him by his friends. Dr. Joyce's health began seriously to fail about the middle of the year 18S2. He died peace- fully on the evening of the twenty-fourth of October, 1883.

M. K. K.

Abridged from a biography by James J. Walsh, M. D., LL. D.

Joynes, Levin S., (1819-1881).

He was born in Accomac County, Vir- ginia, on May 13, 1819, and at the age of sixteen years graduated A. B. from Washington College, Pennsylvania.


59 JOYNES


After spending two years at the Univ- ersity of Virginia, he began the study of medicine, first attending lectures at the University of Pennsylvania, and afterwards at the University of Virginia, from which he graduated M. D. in 1839.

He was president of the American Med- ical Association in 1858 and of the Med- ical Society of Virginia in 1878-9.

After graduating he went to Europe and spent two and a half years attending lectures, chiefly in Dubhn and Paris. Returning to his native county in 1843, he settled there, and the following year removed to Baltimore, from which city he was called to Philadelphia, in 1846, to assume the professorship of physiology and legal medicine in the Franklin Med- ical College. In 1849 he returned to his own county, and took up practice again. This he continued to do until he was elect- ed professor of the institutes of medicine and of medical jurisprudence in the Med- ical College of Virginia in 1855. He was elected, in 1856, dean of the faculty, and held these two positions until the end of the session of 1870-1, when, on account of failing health, he resigned. When the Civil War became imminent, he gave his allegiance to his native state, but always a conservative, and, having accepted the position of assistant surgeon in the forces of Virginia, he resigned when the Medical Department of the Confed- eracy was thoroughly organized.

He was an instructive and accomplish- ed teacher; a perfect encyclopedia of knowledge, his authority on all medical subjects rarely questioned, and never, to the writer's knowledge, worsted in de- bate.

He was twice married. In December, 1854, to Rosa F. Bayly, of Richmond, who died in 1855, and in June, 1858, to Susan V. Archer, also of that city, who, with one son, survived her husband.

He died at his home on January 18, 1881, of malignant disease of the antrum and surrounding parts.

His writings extended through his whole professional career. The following are some of them: