I.] EARLY YEARS. 5 cieditable if less cliaiacteristic proof of his ];>oetical pre- cocity. Like other lads of genius, he put together a kind of play — a combination, it seems, of the speeches in Ogilby's Iliad— and got it acted by his schoolfellows. These brief snatches of schooling, however, counted for little. Pope settled at home at the early age of • twelve, and plunged into the delights of miscellaneous reading with the ardour of precocious talent. He read so' eagerly that his feeble constitution threatened to break down, and when about seventeen, he despaired of recovery, and wrote a farewell to his friends. One of them, an Abbe Southcote, applied for advice to the cele- brated Dr« Eadcliffe, who judiciously prescribed idleness and exercise. Pope soon recovered, and, it is pleasant to add, showed his gratitude long afterwards by obtaining for Southcote, through Sir Eobert Walpole, a desirable piece of French preferment. Self-guided studies have their advantages, as Pope himself observed, but they do not lead a youth through the dry places of literature, or ! stimulate him to severe intellectual training. Pope seems to have made some hasty raids into philosophy and theology; he dipped into Locke, and found him " insipid ; " he went through a collection of the contro- versial literature of the reign of James II., which seems to have constituted the paternal library, and was alternately Protestant and Catholic, according to the last book which he had read. But it was upon poetry and pure literature that he flung himself with a genuine appetite. He learnt languages to get at the story, unless a translation offered an easier path, and followed wherever fancy led " like a boy gathering flowers in the fields and woods." It is needless to say that he never became a scholar in the strict sense of the term. Voltaire declared that he
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