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End of Preliminary Enquiry

I. 13command only[1], for slaves stand even more in need of admonition than children.

15The relations of husband and wife, parent and child, their several virtues, what in their intercourse with one another is good, and what is evil, and how we may pursue the good and escape the evil, will have to be discussed when we speak of the different forms of government. For, inasmuch as every family is a part of a state, and these relationships are the parts of a family, the virtue of the part must have regard to the virtue of the whole. And therefore women and children must be trained by education with an eye to the state[2], if the virtues of either of them are supposed to make any difference 16in the virtues of the state. And they must make a difference: for the children grow up to be citizens, and half the free persons in a state are women[3].

14Of these matters, enough has been said; of what remains, let us speak at another time. Regarding, then, our present enquiry as complete, we will make a new beginning. And, first, let us examine the various theories of a perfect state.

  1. Plato Laws, vi. 777.
  2. Cp. v. 9. §§ 11–15; viii. 1. § 1.
  3. Plato Laws, vi. 781 B.