Page:Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 1.djvu/351

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ALGIERS 311 ALOONQUIN3 first to the seventh session. It contains 20 parishes, 71 secular priests, .')1,300 inliabitants. CAPPE1.1.KTTI, Le diiese d-IUilm (Venice, 18(50), XIII. HI; Gams AVnVa epuscupurum iccli-si(r catholica; (Uati»buli, 1873), 832;, Hardinia Sacni (Rome. 1758), 171. EHNE8T0 liUONAIUTI. Algiers (Icosium), The Archdiocese op, comprises the province of Alg(5rie in I'Vencli Africa. Its sufTra- gans are the Sees of Oran ami Constantino. In 1G32, several missions were estaljlishcd in .lgeria; soon after, an apostolic-vicar was installcil there, who, towards the end of the seventeenth century had under him the pro-vicar of Tunis and the prefect of Tripoli. The ejjiscopal See of Algiers, foundetl in the second century at Icosiuni, did not survive the Arabic conquest. It was re-established in 1838 as a suffragan ot the .rclidiocese of Aix. Mgr. Antoiiio Adolpli Dupuch (d. I>S.')0) was its first bishop until 184,"), when he resigned and was succeeded by Mgr. Aiitoine I'avy (181U-GG). On the death of the latter, Algiers became an archdiocese, with two newly-cre;ited sees (1807), Oran and Constantine, Algonqulns. — The Indians known by thi.'i name were probably at one time the most numerous of all the North American tribes. Migrations, inter- marriages, political alliances, wholesale absorption of eaptiv(s and desertions, however, make it im- possible to fix the tribal hmits with any degree of exactness; yet the Algonquins may be said to have roameil over the country from what is now Kentucky to Hudson Bay, and from the Atlantic to the Mi.s.s- issippi and perhaps beyond. The Micmacs, Abe- nakis, ilonta^nais, Penobscots, Chippewas, Mas- cout<?ns, Nipissings, Sacs, Pottowatoniies, and Illinois, the I'eiiuods of Miissachusetts, the iMohegans of New York, the Lenapes of Pennsylvania and Delaware, with many other minor tribes, may be classed among them. Linguistically and physically they have many unmistakable traits in common. John Eliot and Cotton Mather had a very poor idea of them and spoke of their condition .is "infinitely b.irbarous". The early French nii.'!sionarics gave more flattering accounts of their intellectual power, their poetry, their oratory, their nobility of character, Page khom Algonquin Dictionary for suffragans. Mgr. Charles Martial Allemand Lavigerie, of Nancy, became its first arch- bishop (d. 1893). The Cliurch of Algiers honours in a special manner the memory of several holy con- fes.sors of the Order of Our Lady of Mercy for the Redemption of Captives foumlcil in r_'32 by St. Peter Nohisco. .Vmoiig them are St. Peter Ar- mcngaud (thirteenth century), confessor at Hougie, and St. Raymund Nonnatus (thirteenth century), confessor at Algiers. It cherishes also a particular veneration for the memories of Blessed Raymond LuUy who died at Bougie in 1325, antl the Ven- cralAe Oeronimo, buried alive at Algiers in 1.5G9. The Diocese of .Algiers contained (enil of 190.')), 220,843 inhabitants of ICuropcan birth (exclusive of the army), 8 first-class; 101 second-class parishes and 2.") vicariates, formerly with St;ite subventions. There were 24 auxili;ip»' priests. Dupccii, FaatrB dc t'Afrique rhritiennt (Ronlcaux, 1840); Grithsfnmeykr, ' t)t-cinq anri'Va d'^pUcoptit m Franer, tt en Afru/ur: documenU bioffraphiqufK »ur U Cardinal hivi(jcric (Algiers, 1888); Chevalier, Topo-bM. (I'aris, ISOl-OOi, .I-'. Geouoes Goyau. and even their mechanical skill. In his "Indian Tribes of the United States", though referring to somewhat more modern Indians, Drake rather shares the latter view, at least with regard to the Algonquins of Lake Superior. The name Algonquin seemed to be a general designation, and it is not cer- tain that they were united in a confederation at least in one as compact and its permanent as that of the Iroquois, who supplanted and cnished them. Whatever union there was had given way l>efore the whites arrived. It is regarded as one of the mistakes of Champlain that he espoiLsed the cause of the Algonquins, whose power was not only waning but who were actually vassals of the Iroquois, and made war against the Iroquois, their enemies; a policy which, besides, threw the Iroquois with the English and resulted in so many bloody wars. In his I'ref- ace to the "Jesuit Relations", Thwaites is of the opinion that they have made a larger figure in our history than any other family, l)ecause through their lands came the heaviest and most aggro.-isive movement of white population, French and English;