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TRXU> 0&D£&fl 725 THIRD 0&DEB8

foundation of the congreffation in Europe and died tion of the best Catholic families of the eitv; in 1911,

there in 1918. Sister Imelda Teresa Swift, the noted a home for business women in New York City: in

convert from the Salvation Army, died in 1916 in 1912, a home for business women in Dayton, Onio.

this congregation as a professed novice. The con- In ail these houses the work of giving; spiritual

gr^ation now numbers 862 professed Sisters, 35 retreats is conducted. The congregation is steadily

novices, and 33 nostulants. There are 63 mission increasing in members and now numbers 89 professed

houses besides tne mother-house. In 1917 the religious, 6 novices, and 5 postulants.

Sisters took charge of a school of social science and Third Order of St. Francis (cf. C. E., XIV —

modem languages in Fribourg, SwitzerUmd, Insti- 641a). — ^In recent years the Franciscan Third Order

tut des Hautes Etudes, Villa des Fougdres. Rosary has been the subject of several pontifical pronounce-

College in River Forest, Chicago, is now under ments. The most important of these are the latter

construction. of Pius X Tertium Franciscalium Ordinem, of 8

Dominican Sisters of the Perpetual Rosary, — ^These September. 1912; and the Encyclical Letter of Bene-

Sisters are a contemplative community, strictly diet XV "Sacra propediem" of 6 January, 1921.

cloistered. They chant the Divine Office in choir In the first of these two letters which was addressed

according to the Dominican Rite and support them- to the three ministers-episcopal of the First Order,

selves by making vestments, altar Imens, altar Pius X expressed his joy at the new evidences ol

breads^ etc. The first foundation was at Hoboken, activity amount the tertiaries tending to the propaga-

which IS regarded as the mother-house, though each tion of the Third Order. At the same time nowever,

house is independent and governed by the prioress he confessed to a fear that many tertiaries were in

of each community, there being no mower general or danger of losing; sight of the proper purpose and

provincial. They all observe the Rule of St. Aug- vocation of their order. The Third Order, he re-

ustine. The chief chan^ due to the new Code of minded them, is an order of penance, designed to

Canon Law is the wearing of the entire Dominican teach men the love of the Cross and the avoidance of

habit while collecting, m place of the black worldliness, and to lead its members in the way of

habit of outdoor Sisters iformerly worn, and ^e giving evangelical perfection. Hence, Tertiary fraternities,

of the white scapular to the lay Sisters in place of as such^ must not concern themselves with purely

the black. Two of the first four religious wno came economic or social questions: though individual

over from Belgium are recently deceased. Moilier tertiaries are encouraged to take part in the social

Mary of Jesus, prioress in Hoboken for twenty years, works. In virtue of their profession all tertiaries

died 4 October, 1917, at the age of seventy; Mother must avoid luxurious living and be ready to exercise

Mary Dominic, sub-prioress in Hoboken, died 2 the works of mercy, spiritual and corporal. In

November, 1920, at the age of seventy-eightr The regard to tertiary congresses, the pontiff laid down

present pnoress m Hoboken is Mother Mary Agnes, that such congresses may only be held with the

elected 1 October, 1919, to succeed Mother Mary approval of the superiors of the First Order and under

Imelda, who with thirteen other Sisters established their leadership; the congresses may only discuss

a new foundation at Summit, N. J. The Sisters matters properly pertaining to the order and must

have 7 houses in the United States at Hoboken, avoid purely economic and social 9uestions; the acts

N. J. (35 professed Sisters, 4 novices, 8 postulants); of the congress ma}r not be published without the

Hales Comers, near Milwaukee, Wis.; Catonsville, sanction of the superiors of the First Order,

near Baltimore, Md.; Camden, N. J. (38 perpetual The Encyclical Letter of Benedict XV, above

professed Sisters, 6 professed novices, 3 novices, 3 referred to, was published on the occasion of the

postulants, 1 outside Sister); Buffalo N. Y.; La seventh centenary celebration of the formal foundation

Crosse, Wis. (15 Sisters), and Summit, N. J. of the order. In this letter the pope again urged the

Dominican Nuns cf the Congregation of St. tertiaries to set an example of unworldliness and in

Cajherine of Ricci. — ^Tiiis congregation is devoted particular called upon them to cultivate modesty

to the work of retreats and to the spirit of adoration, m dress in opposition to the prevalent fashions of the

reparation, and thanksgiving. It was founded in day; but more especially he bade them emulate the

Glens Falls, Diocese of Albany, N. Y., in 1880, by example of the first tertiaries as apostles of fraternal

Lucy E2aton Smith who took in religion the name of charity and good will in a world inflamed by the

Sister Maria Catherine de Ricci. She was bom in passions of war.

Brooklyn, N. Y., 22 March, 1845, was deceived into The year 1921 witnessed a world-wide celebration

the Catiiolio Church 18 December, 1865, went to of the seventh centenary of the order, culminating

Europe seeking to fulfill her religious vocation, and in the international congress of the tertiaries held in

returned to the United States to found a new com- Rome in September of that year. The congress had

munity of the Dominican Order, in honor of St. 'been convoked to meet in Assisi, but such were the

Catherine of Ricci. The present mother-house in vast numbers attending it that it was found necessary

Albany^ N. Y.. was opened in May, 1887. Mother to transfer the congress to a city capable of providing

de Ricci died 24 May, 1894, in the new house founded accommodation for the delegates,

at Saratoga, and was succeeded as second provincial Of the Pontifical privileges granted to tertiaries in

by Mother Mary Loyola, who was bom 8 Februaiy, late years, the most notable is the concession contained

1854, and was received into the Church at Rome, 22 in the Letter of PiuxX, ^'Sodalium e Tertio Ordine,"

Jul3r, 1876. During Mother Loyola^s administjration of 5 May, 1909, whereby tertiaries by communication

an £lnglish-speaking boarding school and academy of privileges share in all the good works of the Firet

was founded at Havana, Cuba, in 1900, and a home Order and enjoy the same indulgences,

for business women was opened in Philadelphia, A movement to bring the local tertiary-fraternities

Penn., in 1901. Mother Loyola died 23 April, into closer cooperation with each other for their

1904, and was succeeded by Sister Mary Bertrand, mutual benefit and encouragement was approved by the present provincial, who was elected m January. Pius X in his Letter "Delectavit nos*' of 17 December,

1905, succe^ed by Mother M. Frances in 1915, and 1909, addressed to the federated fraternities in re-elected in 1918 and 1921. Under Mother M. Rome. The movement is but a return to the ancient Bertrand's administration the following foundations practice of the Third Order fraternities in Italy; and have been nuMie: in 1908, an Enuish-speaking were it carried out generally, would undoubtedly tend boarding school and academy at Cienfuegos, Cuba, to strengthening the Third, Order as a spiritual force and in connection therewith an orphan asylum sup- in the cnurch.

ported by the Daughters of the Rosary, an organisa- The most recent statistics give the number of