Open main menu

Page:Collier's New Encyclopedia v. 10.djvu/114

This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.

UNITED STATES

86

UNITED STATES



Groups Twelve Months
 Ending June 30, 1920 

Dollars Per
Cent.



WATER-BORNE COMMERCE
Imports:
 In American vessels  1,836,026,959    39.01
 In foreign vessels  2,870,930,209    60.99


  Total (except in land vehicles)   4,706,957,168   100.00




Exports:
 In American vessels  3,235,879,022    45.14
 In foreign vessels  3,932,588,373    54.86


  Total (except in land vehicles)  7,168,467,395   100.00




GOLD AND SILVER
Gold:
 Imports 150,540,200  . . . . .
 Exports 466,592,606  . . . . .
Silver:
 Imports 102,899,506  . . . . .
 Exports 179,037,260  . . . . .




TONNAGE OF VESSELS Net Tons

Entered:
 American  26,242,330    50.06
 Foreign  26,178,328    49.94


  Total entered  52,420,658   100.00




Cleared:
 American  28,997,549    51.72
 Foreign  27,074,832    48.28


  Total cleared  56,072,387   100.00

Railroads.—The following table gives the railway mileage of the United States on Jan. 1, 1919:



State or
Territory
Total
Mileage
Operated


Alabama  5,607.86
Arizona  2,390.56
Arkansas  5,418.62
California  8,499.01
Colorado  5,610.95
Connecticut    998.14
Delaware    340.51
Florida  5,299.53
Georgia  7,699.94
Idaho  2,913.13
Illinois 13,275.04
Indiana  7,707.60
Iowa 10,129.23
Kansas  9,556.74
Kentucky  4,073.29
Louisiana  5,645.84
Maine  2,352.49
Maryland  1,464.84
Massachusetts  2,134.16
Michigan  8,969.29
Minnesota  9,392.32
Mississippi  4,450.58
Missouri  8,810.56
Montana  5,094.12
Nebraska  6,254.61
Nevada  2,191.04
New Hampshire  1,250.35
New Jersey  2,513.63
New Mexico  3,060.27
New York  8,722.14
North Carolina  5,615.41
North Dakota  5,295.01
Ohio  9,665.38
Oklahoma  6,558.87
Oregon  3,404.72
Pennsylvania 12,476.15
Rhode Island    211.60
South Carolina  3,850.00
South Dakota  4,284.14
Tennessee  4,173.60
Texas 16,713.91
Utah  2,222.38
Vermont  1,081.06
Virginia  4,803.76
Washington  6,292.09
West Virginia  4,007.70
Wisconsin  7,736.18
Wyoming  1,929.62
Alaska ......
District of Columbia      53.57
Hawaii ......

 United States:
  Dec. 31, 1918  262,201.54 
  Dec. 31, 1917 263,928.65 
  Dec. 31, 1916 264,232.01 
  June 30, 1916 264,024.77 
  June 30, 1915  262,358.97  

Canals.—The principal canals in the United States, the year of opening, and their total length, are as follows:



Name of Canal, and State  Year  Miles



Cape Cod Ship Canal, Mass.  1914  13
Erie, and Branches, N. Y.  1825  340.4
Delaware and Raritan, N. J.  1834 44
Schuylkill Navigation Co., Pa.  1825     86.96 
Chesapeake and Ohio, Md.  1850  184.5
Illinois and Michigan, Ill.  1848 95
Chicago Drainage and Ship Canal, Ill.   1900   38.6
Illinois and Mississippi, Ill.  1907 75
Galveston and Brazos, Tex.  .... 36
Monongahela Canal, Pa.  1879 128 
Ohio Canal, Pa.  1885  968.5
Muskingum, Ohio.  1840 91
Illinois Canal, Ill.  1889 223 
Fox Canal, Wis.  1856 176 
Cumberland Canal, Tenn. and Ky.  1905 326 
Black Warrior, Ala.  1895 362 
Coosa Canal, Ala.  1890 165 
Trinity River, Texas  1909 330 
Brazos River, Texas  1915 425 

Religion and Education.—There is no State or officially recognized religion in the United States. Every form of religious belief is tolerated by National and State laws, but no sectarian distinctions are permitted to be considered in public legislation, the prevailing sentiment of the country being that each sect or denomination must maintain itself without any public aid. The Roman Catholic is the most powerful religious body. Its membership as reported represents the entire Roman Catholic population as compared with the communicant members of other denominations. It is derived from various sources spread widely over the country. In the Northeastern States it is made up largely of Irish and French-Canadian stock, while further