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INDEX.

  • Pampas, number of embedded remains in, 155
  • ————, S. limit of, 75
  • ————, changes in, 120
  • ———— not quite level, 124, 127, 143
  • ————, geology of, 129, 155
  • ————, view of, from the Andes, 327
  • Papilio feronia, 33
  • Parana, Kio, 12(;, 139, 147
  • ———, islands in, 134
  • Parish, Sir W., on the great drought, 133
  • Park, Mungo, on eating salt, 110
  • Parrots, 138, 244
  • Partridges, 45
  • Pas, fortresses of New Zealand, 418
  • Passes in Cordillera, 334
  • Pasture, altered from grazing of cattle, 118
  • Patagones, 64
  • Patagonia, geology of, 170, 329
  • —————, zoology of, 165, 170, 179
  • Patagonian Indians, 231
  • Peach-trees self-sown, 120
  • Peat, formation of, 286
  • Pebbles perforated, 149, 267
  • ——— transported in roots of trees, 461
  • Pelagic animals in southern ocean, 161
  • Penas, Gulf of, 246
  • Penguin, habits of, 199
  • Pepsis, habits of, 35
  • Pernambuco, reef of, 498
  • Pernety on hill of ruins, 196
  • ——— on tame birds, 398
  • Peru, 362 to 371
  • ——, dry valleys of, 358, 362
  • Petrels, habits of, 289
  • Peuquenes, pass of, 319
  • Phenolite at F. Noronha, 11
  • Phosphorescence of the sea, 162
  • ———————— of a coralline, 202
  • ———————— of land insects and sea animals, 30
  • Phryniscus, 97
  • Pine of New Zealand, 427
  • Plains at foot of Andes in Chile, 262, 316
  • ——— almost horizontal near St. Fé, 127
  • Planariæ, terrestrial species of, 26
  • Plants of the Galapagos, 374, 392, 395
  • ——— of Keeling island, 454
  • ——— of St. Helena, 487
  • ——— fossil in Australia, 443
  • Plata, R., 39
  • ————, thunderstorms of, 62
  • Plover, long-legged, 114
  • Polished rocks, Brazil, 12
  • Polyborus chimaugo, 57
  • ———— Novæ Zelandiæ, 58
  • ———— Braziliensis, 55
  • Ponsonby Sound, 221
  • Porpoises, 39
  • Port Desire, 1 64
  • —————, river of, 107, 1G8
  • —— St. Julian, 170
  • —— Famine, 233
  • Portillo pass, 319, 325
  • Porto Praya, 1
  • Potato, wild, 285
  • Potrero Seco, 350
  • Prairies, vegetation of, 118
  • Prevost, M., on cuckoos, 53
  • Priestley, Dr., on lightning-tubes, 59
  • Procellaria gigantea, habits of, 289
  • Proctotretus, 97
  • Proteus, blindness of, 52
  • Protococcus nivalis, 322
  • Pteroptochos, two species of, 270
  • ——————, species of, 278, 288
  • Pueute del Inca, 334, 356
  • Puffinus cinercus, 290
  • Puffinuria Berardii, 291
  • Puma, habits of, 136, 183, 269
  • ——, flesh of, 117
  • Puna, or short respiration, 322
  • Punta Alta, Bahia Blauca, 81
  • —— Gorda, 129, 356
  • Pyrophorus luminosiis, 31
 
  • Quadrupeds, fossil, 81, 127, 130, 155, 173
  • —————, large, do not require luxuriant vegetation, 85
  • —————, weight of, 87
  • Quartz of the Ventana, 109
  • ——— of Tapalguen, 116
  • ——— of Falkland Island, 196
  • Quedius, 10
  • Quillota, valley of, 254
  • Quintero, 254
  • Quiriquina Island, 302