Page:Dictionary of National Biography, Second Supplement, volume 2.djvu/254

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house surgeon at King's College Hospital to Sir William Fergusson [q. v.] from May to November 1857. In 1856 he was appointed demonstrator of anatomy at the Westminster Hospital, where he was made lecturer on anatomy and assistant surgeon in 1862.

In 1858 he was consulting surgeon to the St. George and St. James Dispensary; in 1860 he was appointed surgeon to the West London Hospital at Hammersmith, and in 1870 he was surgeon to the Hospital for Women in Soho. Meanwhile in 1866 he was appointed assistant surgeon and teacher of operative surgery at University College Hospital, becoming full surgeon in 1871 on the retirement of Sir John Eric Erichsen [q. v.] and Holme professor of clinical surgery in 1875. He resigned his hospital appointments in 1900, when he was elected consulting surgeon and emeritus professor of clinical surgery.

At the Royal College of Surgeons of England Heath was awarded the Jacksonian prize in 1867 for his essay upon the 'Injuries and Diseases of the Jaws, including those of the Antrum, with the treatment by operation or otherwise.' He was a member of the board of examiners in anatomy and physiology (1875-80), an examiner in surgery (1883-92), and in dental surgery (1888-92), and was member of the council (1881-97). He was Hunterian professor of surgery and pathology (1886-7), Bradshaw lecturer in 1892, and Hunterian orator in 1897, when he chose as his subject 'John Hunter considered as a great Surgeon.' He succeeded John Whitaker Hulke [q. v. Suppl. I] as president of the college on 4 April 1895, and was re-elected for a second term.

In 1897 Heath visited America to deliver the second course of 'Lane Medical Lectures ' recently founded at the Cooper Medical College in San Francisco. During this visit the McGill University of Montreal made him hon. LL.D. He was president of the Clinical Society of London in 1890-1, a fellow of King's College, London, and an associate fellow of the College of Physicians, Philadelphia. He lived for many years at 36 Cavendish Square, a house which is now rebuilt, and died there on 8 Aug. 1905. He married (1) Sarah, daughter of the Rev. Jasper Peck; and (2) Gabrielle Nora, daughter of Captain Joseph Maynard, R.N., and left a widow, five sons, and one daughter.

Heath was a brilliant surgeon and a great teacher both of anatomy and surgery. It was his ill-fortune as a surgeon to be in his prime when the older surgery based on anatomy with all its rapidity of execution was giving way before the advances of modern pathology, with the slower methods bred of a secure anaesthesia and a more cumbrous technique. His intimate knowledge of anatomy made him a dexterous surgeon, but his comparative inability to appreciate the new truths of bacteriology cut him off from the scientific side. As a teacher he combined the older methods of the 'coaches' or 'grinders' with the practical knowledge of hospital work from which they were debarred. He was a born controversialist, hitting hard, and with a confident belief in his own opinion.

Heath's works, all published in London, were: 1. 'A Manual of Minor Surgery and Bandaging,' 1861; 12th edit. 1901. 2. 'Practical Anatomy, a Manual of Dissections,' 1864; 9th edit. 1902; translated into Japanese, Osaka, 1880. 3. 'Injuries and Diseases of the Jaws,' 1868; 4th edit. 1894; translated into French, 1884. 4. 'Essay on the Treatment of Intrathoracic Aneurism by the Distal Ligature,' 1871; re-issue 1898. 5. 'A Course of Operative Surgery,' 1877 2nd edit. 1884; translated into Japanese, Osaka, 1882. 6. 'The Student's Guide to Surgical Diagnosis,' 1879; 2nd edit. 1883. Philadelphia, 1879; New York, 1881. 7. 'Clinical Lectures on Surgical Subjects,' 1891; 2nd edit. 1895; second series 1902. He edited the 'Dictionary of Practical Surgery,' in 2 vols. 1886.

A marble bas-relief portrait by Mr. Hope Pinker commemorates Heath in the hall of the medical school buildings of University College Hospital.

[Lancet, 1905, vol. ii. p. 490 (with portrait); Brit. Med. Journal, 1905, vol. ii. p. 359; additional particulars kindly given by Mr. P. Maynard Heath, M.S., F.R.C.S.Eng., his fourth son; personal knowledge.]

D’A. P.

HEATH, Sir LEOPOLD GEORGE (1817–1907), admiral, a younger son of George Heath (d. 1852), serjeant-at-law, by his wife Anne Raymond Dunbar, was born in London on 18 Nov. 1817. Douglas Denon Heath [q. v. Suppl. I] was his eldest brother. He entered the R.N. College, Portsmouth, in Sept. 1830. He gained the first medal on passing out in 1831, and in Dec. 1840 received a prize commission as lieutenant on passing his final examination. In that rank he served on the Mediterranean and East Indies stations. He was promoted to commander on 3 Aug. 1847, and in July 1850 was appointed to command the steam sloop Niger, and sent to the west coast of Africa. There he had his first war service,