8 wickets for 35 runs, in Jan. 1892, 8 for 68, and in Feb. 1888, with John Briggs [q. v. Suppl. II], he bowled unchanged through both innings. As a bowler he took the Australian cricketer Spofforth as his model, and cultivated great variety of pace; he had a high delivery and a swinging run, and was largely responsible for the cultivation of the off theory. He had no equal as a 'head' bowler, with his command of subtle devices for getting batsmen out, and a unique capacity for fielding his own bowling. As a batsman he was a good hitter, and in May 1889 at the Oval he scored 105 for Surrey v. Essex, adding with Sharpe 149 for the last wicket. As a fieldsman his catches at coverslip were marvellous, and gave that position a new importance in first-class cricket. His fine all-round play was largely the means of restoring Surrey to her leading position among the cricketing counties.
Lung trouble in 1892 compelled him to go to South Africa, where he remained in 1893-4. On his return he played for Surrey in 1895 and 1896. In 1896 he finally appeared at Lord's for England v. Australians. Differences with the Surrey club in that year led to his retirement from first-class cricket. He subsequently returned to South Africa, and died unmarried of consumption at Matjesfontein on 1 Dec. 1901. There in 1902 the Surrey Cricket Club erected a marble tombstone to his memory.
[The Times, 2 Dec. 1901; Daft's Kings of Cricket (with portrait, p. 233); Wisden's Cricketers' Almanack, 1902, p. liii; W. G. Grace's Cricketing Remimscences, 1899; Giants of the Game, ed. R. H. Lyttelton, pp. 68-61; Pycroft's Cricket Chat, 1886, p. 32-5; private information; notes from Mr. P. M. Thornton.]
LONGHURST, WILLIAM HENRY (1819–1904), organist and composer, son of James Longhurst, organ-builder, was born at Lambeth on 6 Oct. 1819. In 1821 his father started business in Canterbury, and Longhurst began his seventy years' service for the cathedral there when he was admitted a chorister in January 1828. He had lessons from the cathedral organist, Highmore Skeats, and afterwards from Skeats's successor, Thomas Evance Jones. In 1836 he was appointed under-master of the choristers, assistant-organist, and lay clerk. He was the thirteenth successful candidate for the fellowship diploma of the College of Organists, founded in 1864. In 1873 he succeeded Jones as organist of Canterbury Cathedral, and held the post until 1898. His services were recognised by the dean and chapter in granting him, on his retirement, his full stipend, together with the use of his house in the Precincts. The degree of Mus. Doc. was conferred on him by the archbishop of Canterbury in 1875. He died at Harbledown, Canterbury, on 17 June 1904.
As a composer Longhurst devoted himself chiefly to church music. His published works include twenty-eight short anthems in three books, and many separate anthems; a morning and evening service in E; a cantata for female voices, 'The Village Fair'; an 'Andante and Tarantella' for violin and piano; many hymn tunes, chants, songs, and short services. An oratorio, 'David and Absalom,' and other works remain in MS.
[Musical Age, Aug. 1904 (with portrait); Grove's Dict. of Music; Brit. Musical Biog.; Musical Times, June 1906.]
LOPES, Sir LOPES MASSEY, third baronet (1818–1908), politician and agriculturist, born at Maristow, Devonshire, on 14 June 1818, was eldest son of Sir Ralph Lopes, second baronet, by his wife Susan Gibbs, eldest daughter of Abraham Ludlow of Heywood House, Wiltshire. [For his descent see Lopes, Sir Manasseh Masseh, first baronet.] Henry Charles Lopes, first Baron Ludlow [q. v. Suppl. I], was a younger brother. Educated at Winchester College and at Oriel College, Oxford, where he graduated B.A. in 1842 and proceeded M.A. in 1845, he adopted a political career, and in 1853 unsuccessfully contested in the conservative interest the borough of Westbury, which his father had represented at intervals for twenty years. Elected for that constituency in 1857, he held it until 1868, when he was invited to contest South Devon against Lord Amberley [see Russell, John, Viscount Amberley]. Winning the seat, he kept it until 1885, when owing to ill-health he retired from parliament.
Lopes joined a group of members, including Mr. Henry Chaplin, Albert Pell [q. v. Suppl. II], and Clare Sewell Read [q. v. Suppl. II], who supported farming interests, and was chairman of the agricultural business committee. In several successive sessions he urged the grievance of the increasing burden of local taxation; and on 16 April 1872 he carried against Gladstone's government, by a majority of 100 (259 votes to 159), a resolution declaring that it was unjust to impose taxation for national objects on real property only, and demanding the transfer to the