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his death, which appears to have happened on St. John's Day in 1193. Round his death-bed were gathered many monks, especially from the Scotch abbey of Coldingham, whose brethren, we are told, were very dear to him, and whom he requested to bury him in the island where he had now spent more than forty-two years of his life, ‘for the place is holy.’ The date of St. Bartholomew's death may be considered as fairly certain. From incidental remarks in the contemporary life the Bollandist fathers have made the calculation that it cannot have been in any other year than 1182 or 1193, and this later date agrees very well with the words of the narrative. For we are told that Bartholomew commenced his hermit's life during the priorship of Laurence, and continued in this state for forty-two years and six months, till his death. As Laurence is admitted to have entered on his office in 1149, and to have relinquished it in 1154, he would have been ruling St. Mary's at the beginning of 1151, a time which will give us 24 June 1193 exactly as the date of Bartholomew's death.

[Acta Sanct. 24 June, 833, &c.; Dugdale's Monasticon, i. 230 (ed. 1817); Browne-Willis's History of Mitred Abbeys, i. 259; for names of the priors at Durham see also Monachus Dunelmensis and Galfrid de Coldingham, ap. Wharton's Anglia Sacra, 720, 721; Simeon of Durham (R. S.), pr. xlix and 169.]

T. A. A.

BARTHOLOMEW Anglicus (fl. 1230-1250), schoolman. [See Glanville, Bartholomew.]

BARTHOLOMEW, ALFRED (1801–1845), architect, was born in London on 28 March 1801, and died on 2 Jan. 1845. He was editor of the ‘Builder,’ and author of several works upon practical architectural questions, the chief of which are: ‘Specifications for Practical Architecture,’ a compilation of forms of documents necessary for the execution of detail work in buildings; a paper entitled ‘Hints relative to the Construction of Fireproof Dwellings’ (Lond. 1839); both of which were well received, though now of little professional value; and a synopsis of the Building Act, first published in the ‘Builder,’ and revised and corrected for separate publication, under the title of ‘Cyclopædia of the New Metropolitan Building Act,’ by the author only a few weeks before his death. During his editorship of the ‘Builder’ in 1844, Bartholomew also contributed many articles upon various professional subjects to its columns, and under his editorship the circulation of the journal increased. Originally destined for commercial life, young Bartholomew received only the moderate education of a middle-class school. But having manifested a decided aptitude for mathematics, his parents articled him to Mr. J. H. Good, architect, of Hatton Garden, a pupil of Sir J. Soane. Bartholomew devoted himself enthusiastically to this profession. He studied the classic style in the greatest of Sir J. Soane's works, the Bank of England, the details of which he used to spend much of his time in measuring. But his master's employment in ecclesiastical work soon diverted him to the more congenial study of Gothic, especially church Gothic, architecture, his enthusiasm for which led to the foundation of a society, of which he was one of the earliest and most ardent members, of ‘Freemasons of the Church, for the recovery, maintenance, and furtherance of the true principles and practice of architecture.’ To the same period of mental development may also be assigned his publication, in 1831, of ‘Sacred Lyrics, being an attempt to render the Psalms of David more applicable to parochial psalmody.’ Although certainly superior, in freedom and grace of expression at least, to previous versions of the Psalms used in England, and praised as such by various of the bishops in private letters to the author, this attempt did not prove successful, and has now been long ago forgotten. Afterwards the poet devoted himself more exclusively to architecture, and, in the course of the few years that remained to him of life, produced the various works we have named, and earned for himself the respect and esteem of his professional brethren. A few weeks before his death he canvassed successfully for the post of district surveyor of Hornsey. His exertions brought on an attack of rheumatic gout and fever, upon which bronchitis fatally supervened, and he died in his house in Gray's Inn, London, at the age of forty-four.

[Builder, 1845.]

G. W. B.

BARTHOLOMEW, ANN CHARLOTTE (d. 1862), authoress, flower and miniature painter, was the daughter of Arnall Fayermann and niece of John Thomas, bishop of Rochester. She was born near the beginning of the century at Lodden, in Norfolk. In 1825 she published a farce (first acted at the Marylebone Theatre May 1849) with the title ‘It's only my Aunt.’ In 1827 she married Walter Turnbull, the musical composer. As his widow she published in 1840 the ‘Songs of Azrael’ and other harmless poems. In the same year she became the second wife of the flower painter, Valentine Bartholomew [q. v.] She wrote one other play, which appeared in 1845, with