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the unique acceptance of Matthew Henry's own writing, but the ‘Galatians’ is among the best of the supplements. Taylor of Leather Lane dying in 1723, Bayes, his assistant, was invited to succeed him. Accordingly he resigned the morning service at St. Thomas's. Subsequently he himself appointed ‘assistants,’ first John Cornish, and next his own son, Thomas Bayes. Dr. Calamy's death in 1732 caused a vacancy in the Merchants' lectureship at Salters' Hall, and Bayes was chosen to succeed him. In 1735 he associated himself with a number of divines in a course of lectures—also delivered at Salters' Hall—against popery. His own subject was ‘The Church of Rome's Doctrine and Practice with relation to the Worship of God in an unknown tongue.’ He died on 24 April 1746, and was buried in Bunhill Fields. Besides the publications already named, he published several occasional sermons. There is a very fine portrait of him (in oil) in Dr. Williams's library, engraved in Wilson's ‘History and Antiquities of Dissenting Churches.’

[Calamy's Account, p. 496, Contin. p. 643; Henry's Commentary, in loco; Protestant Dissenters' Magazine, v. 163; Bunhill Inscriptions (fifty-second year is erroneously given in his monumental inscription); Wilson's Dissenting Churches, iv. 396.]

A. B. G.

BAYEUX, JOHN de (d. 1249), justice itinerant, otherwise called de Baiocis, was a son of Hugh de Baiocis, a Lincolnshire baron, by Alienora his wife. He had property in Bristol and Dorset, but in 16 and 17 John forfeited it on outlawry for murder. In 1218 he paid a relief of 100l. and took possession of the family estates in Lincolnshire, and in the same year was judge itinerant for the counties of Cornwall, Devon, Somerset, and Dorset, along with ‘J. Bathon. et Glascon. Episc.’ (Dugdale, Orig. Juridic. (Chronica Series), p. 7). Next year, 4 Henry III, an inquisition was held before the chief justice as to whether an appeal by Robert de Tillebroc against him, his mother, brother, and three others, was malicious. Nevertheless in the great assizes of 1224–5, 9 Henry III, he was again itinerant justice in Dorset, and in the same year was also justice of forests and constable of the castle of Plimpton. In 1234 he was charged with the homicide of Roger de Mubray, but on payment of 400 marks obtained leave to compound with the widow. He died in 1249, leaving no male child, and his brother Stephen succeeded to his estates as heir.

[Dugdale's Origins Juridic. (Chron. Ser.); Foss's Lives of the Judges; Rot. Chart. 16 John, 201; Rot. Fin. i. 32, 45, 264, ii. 51; Rot. Claus. i. 404, 622, 633, 655, ii. 76, 97, 98.]

J. A. H.

BAYEUX, THOMAS of (d. 1100), archbishop of York. [See Thomas.]

BAYFIELD, RICHARD, alias Somersam (d. 1531), martyr, was professed a monk of the Benedictine abbey of Bury St. Edmunds in 1514, took priest's orders in 1518, and was chamberlain of the abbey about 1525. He imbibed the opinions of William Tyndale from a copy of the English Testament and other works given him by Dr. Barnes and some of his friends, when on a visit to the monastery, and was in consequence imprisoned and punished, but through Barnes's influence was allowed to go to Cambridge. Thence he went to London, and in 1528 was tried before Tunstall, bishop of London, for denying worship to saints, and the necessity of preaching licenses. He abjured these opinions, but instead of returning to his abbey he fled to the Low Countries, and assisted Tyndale in disposing of his books in England, some of which he landed at Colchester and some at St. Katharine's. In the autumn of 1531 he was arrested in Mark Lane, and imprisoned in the Lollard's Tower at St. Paul's. On 10, 11, and 16 Nov. he was examined by Stokesley, bishop of London, and Gardiner, bishop of Winchester, and on the 20th sentenced as a relapsed heretic, and for importing forbidden books. On 4 Dec. he was publicly degraded in the choir of St. Paul's Cathedral, and burned in Smithfield (Wriothesley, Chron. i. 17); Foxe says ‘the Monday following’ the sentence, which was 27 Nov., but Wriothesley's authority is the better.

[Foxe's Acts and Monuments, ed. Townsend, iv. 680; Strype's Eccl. Mem. i., ii. 63; Wriothesley's Chronicle, i. 17.]

C. T. M.

BAYFIELD, ROBERT (fl. 1668), physician of Norwich, who wrote with much energy on both religious and medical subjects, was born in 1629. He was the author of

  1. ‘Enchiridion Medicum, containing the causes, signs, and cures of all those diseases that do chiefly affect the body of man. … Whereunto is added a treatise, “De Facultatibus Medicamentorum compositorum et Dosibus,”’ 1655.
  2. ‘Exercitationes Anatomicæ,’ 2nd edit. 1668.
  3. ‘Tῆς Ἰατρικῆς Kαρπός, or a Treatise de morborum capitis essentiis et prognosticis, adorned with above three hundred choice and rare observations,’ 1663.
  4. ‘Ἡ Προβολὴ τῆς Ἀληθείας: or the Bulwarke of Truth, being a treatise … against Atheists and Hereticks,’ London, 1657 bearing