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Testament Church in the latter days,’ 1675, 8vo. 23. ‘Four useful Discourses and Sermons,’ 1675, 4to. This list, based on Watt's, is probably incomplete; most of the items have been verified.

[Apol. Narr. 1644; Reasons of the Dissenting Brethren, &c. 1648; Bury's Funeral Sermon for Fairfax, 1702; Neal's Hist. of the Puritans, Dub. 1759, iii. 242, 295; Brook's Lives of the Puritans, 1813, iii. 18 sq.; Browne's Hist. of Congregationalism in Norfolk and Suffolk, 1877, pp. 69, 87, 115; Mitchell's Westminster Assembly, 1883, pp. 15, 192 sq.; information from Dr. Phear, Master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge.]

A. G.

BURROUGHS, Sir JOHN (d. 1643), Garter king of arms. [See Borough.]

BURROUGHS, JOSEPH (1685–1761), baptist minister, was born in London, 1 Jan. 1685, of wealthy parents, his father being Humphreys Burroughs. He was educated under Rev. John Kerr, M.D. (a pupil of Thomas Doolittle), at Highgate, where he was class-fellow with John Ward, afterwards Gresham professor of rhetoric; and at the university of Leyden. In 1714 he received a call to be co-pastor with Richard Allen at the Barbican. He declined the call to the pastorate, but undertook to act as preacher, and on Allen's death he became pastor. He was ordained 1 May 1717. John Gale, and subsequently the famous James Foster, became his colleagues. His views of believers' baptism were sufficiently strict to place him with the party of close communion; but his general sentiments were not those of a narrow man. He was a non-subscriber at Salters' Hall in 1719. He allowed Emlyn, the unitarian, to occupy his pulpit. His studies abroad had given him facility in speaking and preaching in French; and in 1734 he preached in Latin to the ministers of the three denominations at their annual meeting in Dr. Williams's library, then at Redcross Street. This discourse is printed in his volume of sermons. He died 23 Nov. 1761. His publications were: 1. ‘A Sermon occasioned by a total Eclipse of the Sun, 22 April,’ 1715, 8vo. 2. ‘Funeral Sermon for Rev. John Gale,’ 1722, 8vo. 3. ‘Sermon at Ordination of Deacons, 15 July,’ 1730, 8vo. 4. ‘Sermons preached before the Societies for the Reformation of Manners,’ 1731, 8vo. 5. ‘Sermon on the Popish Doctrine of Auricucular Confession and Plenary Absolution,’ 1735, 8vo (contained in ‘Seventeen Sermons against Popery, preached at Salters' Hall,’ 1735, 8vo, p. 367). 6. ‘A View of Popery taken from the Creed of Pope Pius IV,’ 1735, 8vo; 2nd ed. 1737, 8vo. 7. ‘Sermons,’ 1741, 8vo. 8. ‘Two Discourses relating to Positive Institutions,’ 1742, 8vo. 9. ‘A Defence’ of the last piece, 1743, 8vo. 10. ‘Funeral Sermon for Rev. John Weatherly,’ 1752, 8vo. 11. ‘Funeral Sermon for Rev. Isaac Kimber,’ 1755, 8vo. Noble says he edited the eight ‘Occasional Sermons,’ 1733, 8vo, of his brother James, who was trained for the ministry under the Rev. John Jennings at Kibworth, and died young. He edited also the posthumous sermons of Joseph Morris, baptist minister at Glasshouse Yard, prefixing a memoir, 1753, 8vo.

[Funeral Sermon by Daniel Noble, 1761; Crosby's Hist. of the Eng. Baptists, 1740, iv. 183; Wilson's MSS. in Dr. Williams's Library.]

A. G.

BURROW, EDWARD JOHN (1785–1861), divine and miscellaneous writer, a member of Magdalene College, Cambridge, graduated B.A. in 1805 and M.A. in 1808, was incorporated a member of Trinity College, Oxford, and took the degrees of B.D. and D.D. in 1820. He was incumbent of Bempton, Yorkshire, 1810–16, and minister of a chapel of ease at Hampstead 1816–23. He then became domestic chaplain to Tomline, bishop of Winchester. In July 1827 he accepted the office of principal of a college and school at Mount Radford, Exeter, and entered on his duties on 29 Sept. In consequence of disputes with the proprietors he resigned or was dismissed from this office (the immediate cause of his leaving depends on the rights of the case) in the following January. In 1835 he went out to Gibraltar as civil chaplain, and was appointed archdeacon of Gibraltar in 1842. Having remained there until his health became feeble, he then returned to England and resided at Lyme and other places on the south coast. He died at Honiton on 8 Aug. 1861. He was a fellow of the Royal and other learned societies. He published: 1. ‘Elements of Conchology,’ 1815. 2. ‘The Elgin Marbles,’ with 40 plates drawn and etched by himself, one part all published, 1817, 1837. 3. ‘A Letter … to W. Marsh … on the nature … of certain principles … falsely denominated Evangelical,’ 1819, which reached a third edition the same year. 4. ‘A Second Letter,’ 1819, two editions. 5. ‘A Summary of Christian Faith and Practice,’ 3 vols. 1822. 6. ‘Questions on Memorial Scripture Copies,’ 1829, 3rd edition 1854. 7. ‘Hours of Devotion,’ translated from the German of Zschokke, 1830. 8. ‘School Companion to the Bible,’ 1831, reissued with 5 in 1854.

[Gent. Mag. ccxi. 1861, pt. ii. 332; A Statement of the manner in which … E. J. B.