Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 11.djvu/322

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Coleridge
Coleridge
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original form in Cottle's ‘Early Recollections,’ appendix). 8. ‘Ode to the Departing Year’ (‘Cambridge Intelligencer,’ 31 Dec. 1796, and separately), 1796. 9. ‘Fears in Solitude’ (previously in ‘Morning Post’); ‘France, an ode’ (previously as ‘Recantation’ in ‘Morning Post’); ‘Frost at Midnight,’ 1798. 10. Poems in ‘Annual Anthology’ for 1800. 11. ‘Wallenstein’ (the ‘Piccolomini’ and ‘Death of Wallenstein,’ in separate volumes), 1800. 12. ‘The Friend, a Literary, Moral, and Political Journal, excluding personal and party topics and the events of the day,’ 27 parts, 1 June 1809 to 15 March 1810; reissued 1812; new and greatly altered edition 1818. 13. ‘Omniana’ (by Southey) includes contributions from Coleridge, 1812. 14. ‘Remorse, a Tragedy,’ 1813 (three editions); ‘Osorio,’ as written in 1797, was published in 1873. 15. ‘Essays on the Fine Arts’ in ‘Felix Farley's Journal,’ 1814 (reprinted in Fraser's ‘Literary Chronicle,’ 1836, and in Cottle's ‘Appendix,’ 1837). 16. ‘Christabel,’ with ‘Kubla Khan’ and ‘Pains of Sleep,’ 1816. 17. ‘The Statesman's Manual, or the Bible the best Guide to Political Skill and Foresight; a lay sermon,’ 1816. 18. ‘Sibylline Leaves’ (chiefly republications), 1817 (sheets marked vol. ii.; vol. i. never appeared). 19. ‘Zapolya, a Christmas Tale,’ 1817. 20. ‘A Lay Sermon addressed to the higher and middle classes on the existing distresses and discontents’ (republished with Nos. 16 and 22 in 1839). 21. ‘Biographia Literaria,’ 1817 (second edition, with notes by Henry Nelson and Sara Coleridge in 1847). 22. ‘Aids to Reflection in the Formation of a Manly Character, on the several grounds of prudence, morality, and religion,’ 1825. Later editions with notes and additions. 23. ‘On the Constitution of Church and State according to the idea of each, with aids towards a right judgment of the late Catholic Bill,’ 1830.

Posthumously published were: 1. ‘Specimens of his Table Talk’ (by H. N. Coleridge), 1835, and later (republished with ‘Omniana’ and other fragments by T. Ashe in 1884). 2. ‘Confessions of an Inquiring Spirit, edited by H. N. Coleridge,’ 1840; with notes by Sara Coleridge, 1849. 3. ‘Literary Remains, edited by H. N. Coleridge,’ vols. i. and ii., 1836; vols. iii. and iv., 1838 (first volume includes notes by J. H. Green of lectures of 1818, and ‘Fall of Robespierre;’ the rest from ‘Omniana’ and marginalia). 4. ‘Essay on Method’ (from ‘Encyclopædia Metropolitana,’ dated January 1818), 1845. 5. ‘Hints towards a Formation of a more comprehensive Theory of Life,’ edited by Seth B. Watson, M.D., 1848 (the editor in a postscript ascribes the authorship in part to Gillman. It was probably constructed of notes from Coleridge's conversation, and has some interesting remarks upon evolution. Compare ‘Monologues of S. T. Coleridge’ in ‘Fraser's Magazine,’ November and December, 1835). 6. ‘Notes and Lectures upon Shakespeare and some of the Old Dramatists,’ edited by Sara Coleridge, 2 vols. 1849 (chiefly from ‘Remains,’ vols. i. and ii.). 7. ‘Notes upon English Divines,’ edited by Derwent Coleridge, 2 vols. 1853 (chiefly from ‘Remains,’ vols. iii. and iv.). 8. ‘Notes, Theological, Political, and Miscellaneous’ (partly from ‘Remains;’ ‘two thirds’ new). 9. ‘Essays on his own Times,’ edited by Sara Coleridge, 3 vols. 1850 (early pamphlets and contributions to ‘Post’ and ‘Courier’ in prose and verse). 10. ‘Lectures on Shakespeare, from notes by J. P. Collier,’ 1875 (partly published in ‘Notes and Queries,’ 1st series, vol. x. Doubts have been expressed as to the authenticity of these reports. Coleridge's criticisms on the dramatists, with a reprint of Collier and other contemporary reports, are collected in ‘Lectures and Notes on Shakespeare and other English Poets,’ by T. Ashe, 1885).

Many of Coleridge's marginalia are still unpublished. Some of his books from the library of J. H. Green and others, now in the British Museum, contain many notes. References to the books annotated are in the catalogue under ‘S. T. Coleridge’ (cf. art. by Miss Zimmern, ‘Blackwood's Mag.,’ Jan. 1882). Many others are in private hands in England and America.

The first collected edition of Coleridge's ‘Poetical and Dramatic Works’ was published by himself in 1828; a second, edited by H. N. Coleridge, in 1834. The latest edition was issued in 1877 by Pickering and reissued in 1880 by Macmillan. The ‘Poetical Works,’ edited by T. Ashe, were published in 1885.

[The main authorities are: Biographia Literaria, 1817; and the biographical appendix to the edition of 1847, edited by H. N. Coleridge and Sara Coleridge. A few facts are given in the Table Talk, the Memoir of Hartley Coleridge, by Derwent Coleridge, prefixed to his Poems (1851), and the Memoirs of Sara Coleridge, by her daughter (1873). Life by James Gillman, vol. i. 1838 (all published). Early Recollections, chiefly relating to S. T. Coleridge, by Joseph Cottle, 1837. (The British Museum copy has ‘a second preface’ by Cottle, defending himself against the Quarterly Review.) The second edition, considerably modified, and with the addition of letters to the Wedgwoods and Poole and from Southey to Cottle, is entitled Reminiscences of S. T. Coleridge and R. Southey (1847). Letters, Conversations, and Recollections of S. T. Coleridge [by T. Allsop], 1836; 3rd edition with All-