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Garraway
Garrett
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House of Commons from his offices of governor of the Turkey and other companies (Journal, iii. 37), and was expelled from the court of aldermen on 2 May 1643 (Rep. 56, f. 166 b). On Saturday 5 Nov. following the captains of the city trained bands arrested many of the wealthiest royalists in the city, including Garraway and his brother, for not contributing to the parliament's demand for money, and for ‘other misdemeanours’ (A Catalogue of sundrie Knights, Aldermen, … who are in custody … by Authority from the Parliament, 7 Nov. 1642; broadsheet in the Guildhall Library, Choice Scraps, London, v. 2, No. 16). Garraway's default was for 300l. (House of Commons' Journal, iii. 45). Lloyd says ‘he was tossed as long as he lived from prison to prison, and his estate conveyed from one rebel to another’ (Memoires, 1668, p. 633). He was still, however, governor of the Russia Company on 1 June 1644, when the House of Commons ordered his discharge from that office, and at the same time imprisoned him in Dover Castle during their pleasure (Journal, iii. 514). Garraway did not, however, die in prison, but in the parish of St. Mary Magdalen, Milk Street (Burial Registers of that parish), and was buried on 24 July 1646 in the church of St. Peter-le-Poer, Broad Street. His will, dated 8 March 1644, was proved in the P. C. C. 30 July 1646 (107, Twisse).

He lived in Broad Street, near Drapers' Hall, and in 1616 petitioned the company for a lease of his own house and another adjoining their hall, offering to rebuild the house in a substantial manner. This he did at a cost of over 1,000l., erecting the front ‘of bricke and stone done by daie woorke substantiall,’ and in November 1628 the company granted him a lease of seventy years, at a yearly rent of 9l. (Drapers' Company's records). Garraway himself asserts that he was often a member of the House of Commons (Speech, 1642), but there is no record of the constituency which he represented.

He married Margaret, daughter of Henry Clitherow, a London merchant, who was buried on 25 June 1656 in St. Peter's Church, Broad Street. Garraway had ten children, William, John, Thomas, Elizabeth, Margaret, Ann, Katherine, Henry, Richard, and Mary, of whom the last three died in their childhood. From his daughter Elizabeth, who married Rowland Hale of King's Walden, Hertfordshire, Viscount Melbourne was descended (Clutterbuck, Hertfordshire, iii. 133).

To his three sons he left large estates in Sussex, Kent, Devonshire, Northumberland, Westmoreland, and Yorkshire, which they seem to have obtained after his death without interference from the parliament, but difficulties were raised by the commissioners for sequestrations in Cornwall about some of his property in that county. The commissioners alleged that Garraway died a delinquent in prison for assisting the king against the parliament, and that all his family were known enemies of the parliament, a statement which John and Thomas Garraway in their reply assert to be scandalous and untrue (Royalist Composition Papers, 1st ser., xxviii. 843–870, passim). The following editions of the ‘Speech’ and its rejoinders are known: 1. ‘The Loyal Citizen revived; a speech … at a Common Hall, January 17, upon occasion of a speech by Mr. Pym at the reading of His Majesties answer to the late petition,’ 1642, folio sheet. Another edition, with a letter ‘from a scholler in Oxfordshire,’ &c., London, 1643, 4to. Reprinted in the ‘Harleian Miscellany,’ ed. 1744 and 1808, vol. v. 2. ‘Oratie ghedaen door Alderman Garraway,’ &c., Amsterdam, 1643, 4to. This is a Dutch translation of the 4to edition. 3. ‘A briefe Answer to a scandalous pamphlet intituled “A Speech,”’ &c. [anon.], London, 15 Feb. 1643, 4to.

[Gardiner's History of England, ix. 130, 153; information respecting the family kindly supplied by R. Garraway Rice, esq.]

C. W-h.

GARRETT, JEREMIAH LEARNOULT (fl. 1809), dissenting minister, was born at Horselydown, in the Borough, Southwark, near the Old Stairs, on 29 Feb. 1764. His parents were boat-builders, respectable people, but by no means 'evangelically' religious. The evangelical habit of mind, however, showed itself early in Jeremiah. While yet of the tender age of five he had, he tells us, `views of the last day,' and before he was eight had 'strict views of the world being burnt up, and the wicked being turned into hell.' Soon after this date his father died. He was now sent to school, first at Christ's College, Hertford, and afterwards at Jackson's academy, Hampton. After a year or two thus spent he was set to learn the tailoring trade, but disliking it was apprenticed to a builder of ship's boats at Wapping, who ill-used him. His master absconding for debt, he was apprenticed to another in the same way of business, from whom he met with better treatment. At the age of fourteen or fifteen he had 'a vision of an ancient form with more majesty than ever was or can be in mortality,' which laid its hand upon him, and which he took to be Christ. A dissenting minister at his earnest request was called in to see him, to whom he confessed his sins, the most flagrant of which was that seven